Index longissimorum fluviorum

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Hic est index longissimorum fluviorum orbis terrarum, qui omnia systemata fluminum plus quam mille chiliometra longa comprehendit. Definitio longitudinis disputatur, et praecipue quaestio de flumine longissimo, utrum Nilus an Amazonum flumen, manet controversa.

Index fluviorum[recensere | fontem recensere]

Continentes
Africa Asia Australia Europa America Borealis America Australis
Numerus Fluvius Longitudo (km) Superficies systematis (km²) Defluxio media (m³/s) Quo defluit Civitates in systemate
1. AmazonumUcayali

Apurímac[n 1]

6,992

(6,400)

7,050,000 209,000 Oceanus Atlanticus Brasilia, Peruvia, Bolivia, Columbia, Aequatoria, Venetiola, Guiana
2. NilusKagera 6,853

(6,650)

3,254,555 2,800 Mare Mediterraneum Aethiopia, Erythraea, Sudania, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenia, Ruanda, Burundia, Aegyptus, Res publica democratica Congensis, Sudania Australis
3. Caeruleum

(Chang Jiang; Yangtze)

6,300

(6,418)

1,800,000 31,900 Mare Sinense Orientale Sinae
4. MississippienseMissurienseJefferson 6,275
2,980,000 16,200 Sinus Mexicanus Civitates Foederatae (98.5%), Canada (1.5%)
5. IeniseaAngaraSelenga 5,539
2,580,000 19,600 Mare Karense Russia (97%), Mongolia (2.9%)
6. Flavum

(Huang He)

5,464
745,000 2,110 Mare Bohai Sinae
7. ObiusIrtis 5,410 2,990,000 12,800 Sinus Obiensis Russia, Kazakhstania, Sinae, Mongolia
8. ParanáArgenteus[3] 4,880
2,582,672 18,000 Argenteus Brasilia (46.7%), Argentina (27.7%), Paraguaia (13.5%), Bolivia (8.3%), Uruguaia (3.8%)
9. Congo–Chambeshi

(Zaïre)

4,700
3,680,000 41,800 Oceanus Atlanticus Res publica democratica Congensis, Res publica Africae Mediae, Angola, Res publica Congensis, Tanzania, Cammarunia, Zambia, Burundia, Ruanda
10. AmurArgunus

(Heilong Jiang)

4,444 1,855,000 11,400 Mare Ochotense Russia, Sinae, Mongolia
11. Lena 4,400
2,490,000 17,100 Mare Lapteviorum Russia
12. Mecon

(Lancang Jiang)

4,350 810,000 16,000 Mare Sinense Australe Sinae, Birmania, Laotia, Thailandia, Cambodia, Vietnamia
13. MackenzieSlavePeaceFinlay 4,241
1,790,000 10,300 Mare Beaufort Canada
14. Niger 4,200
2,090,000 9,570 Sinus Guineensis Nigeria (26.6%), Malia (25.6%), Nigritania (23.6%), Algerium (7.6%), Guinea (4.5%), Cammarunia (4.2%), Burkina Faso (3.9%), Litus Eburneum, Beninum, Tzadia
15. MurrayDarling 3,672[4] 1,061,000 767 Oceanus Australis Australia
16. TocantinsAraguaia 3,650 950,000 13,598 Oceanus Atlanticus, Amazonum flumen Brasilia
17. Rha (Volga) 3,645 1,380,000 8,080 Mare Caspium Russia
18. Šaṭṭ al-ʿArabEuphrates 3,596
884,000 856 Sinus Persicus Iraca (60.5%), Turcia (24.8%), Syria (14.7%)
19. MadeiraMamoréGrandeCaineRocha 3,380 1,485,200 31,200 Amazonum flumen Brasilia, Bolivia, Peruvia
20. Purus 3,211 63,166 8,400 Amazonum flumen Brasilia, Peruvia
21. Yukon 3,185 850,000 6,210 Mare Beringianum Civitates Foederatae (59.8%), Canada (40.2%)
22. Indus 3,180 960,000 7,160 Mare Arabicum Pakistania (93%), India, Sinae
23. São Francisco 3,180*

(2,900)

610,000 3,300 Oceanus Atlanticus Brasilia
24. IaxartesNaryn 3,078 219,000 703 Lacus Oxianus Kazakhstania, Chirgisia, Uzbecia, Tadzikistania
25. Salween

(Nu Jiang)

3,060 324,000 3,153[5] Mare Andaman Sinae (52.4%), Birmania (43.9%), Thailandia (3.7%)
26. Flumen Sancti LaurentiiLacus Magni 3,058 1,030,000 10,100 Sinus Sancti Laurentii Canada (52.1%), Civitates Foederatae (47.9%)
27. Rio Grande 3,057 570,000 82 Sinus Mexicanus Civitates Foederatae (52.1%), Mexicum (47.9%)
28. Tunguska Inferior 2,989 473,000 3,600 Ienisea Russia
29. BrahmaputraTsangpo 2,948* 1,730,000 19,200[6] Ganges India (58.0%), Sinae (19.7%), Nepalia (9.0%), Bangladesa (6.6%), disputatum inter Indiam et Sinas (4.2%), Bhutania (2.4%)
30. DanubiusBreg 2,888* 817,000 7,130 Pontus Euxinus Romania (28.9%), Hungaria (11.7%), Austria (10.3%), Serbia (10.3%), Germania (7.5%), Slovacia (5.8%), Bulgaria (5.2%), Croatia (4.5%),
31. Zambezi

(Zambesi)

2,693* 1,330,000 4,880 Canalis Mozamicensis Zambia (41.6%), Angola (18.4%), Zimbabua (15.6%), Mozambicum (11.8%), Malavia (8.0%), Tanzania (2.0%), Namibia, Botswana
32. Wiluius 2,650 454,000 1,480 Lena Russia
33. Araguaia 2,627 358,125 5,510 Tocantins Brasilia
34. GangesHooghlyPadma

(Ganga)

2,620[7] 907,000 12,037[8] Sinus Bengalicus India, Bangladesa, Nepalia, Sinae
35. OxusPanj 2,620 534,739 1,400 Lacus Oxianus Uzbecia, Turcomannia, Tadzikistania, Afgania
36. Japurá

(Rio Yapurá)

2,615* 242,259 6,000 Amazonum flumen Brasilia, Columbia
37. NelsonSaskatchewan 2,570 1,093,000 2,575 Sinus Hudson Canada, Civitates Foederatae
38. Paraguiaium

(Rio Paraguay)

2,549 900,000 4,300 Paraná Brasilia, Paraguaia, Bolivia, Argentina
39. Colyma 2,513 644,000 3,800 Mare Sibiricum Orientale Russia
40. Pilcomayo 2,500 270,000 Paraguaium Paraguaia, Argentina, Bolivia
41. Obius Superior – Catuna 2,490 Obius Russia
42. Ischimus 2,450 177,000 56 Irtis Kazakhstania, Russia
43. Juruá 2,410 200,000 6,000 Amazonum flumen Peruvia, Brasilia
44. Rhymnus 2,428 237,000 475 Mare Caspium Russia, Kazakhstania
45. Arcansianum 2,348 505,000

(435,122)

1,066 Mississippiense Civitates Foederatae
46. Coloratum 2,333 390,000 1,200 Sinus Californiensis Civitates Foederatae, Mexicum
47. Olenecus 2,292 219,000 1,210 Mare Lapteviorum Russia
48. Danapris 2,287 516,300 1,670 Pontus Euxinus Russia, Ruthenia Alba, Ucraina
49. Aldanus 2,273 729,000 5,060 Lena Russia
50. UbangiUele[9] 2,270 772,800 4,000 Congo Res publica democratica Congensis, Res publica Africae Mediae, Res publica Congensis
51. Negro 2,250 720,114 26,700 Amazonum flumen Brasilia, Venetiola, Columbia
52. Columbia 2,250 (1,953) 415,211 7,500 Oceanus Pacificus Civitates Foederatae, Canada
53. Flumen Margaritarum

(Zhujiang)

2,200 437,000 13,600 Mare Sinense Australe Sinae (98.5%), Vietnamia (1.5%)
54. Rubrum (Civitates Foederatae) 2,188 78,592 875 Mississippiense Civitates Foederatae
55. Ayeyarwady

(Irrawaddy)

2,170 411,000 13,000 Mare Andaman Birmania
56. Kasai 2,153 880,200 10,000 Congo Angolia, Res publica democratica Congensis
57. Ohium (flumen)Alleghenia (flumen) 2,102 490,603 7,957 Mississippiense Civitates Foederatae
58. Orinocum 2,101 1,380,000 33,000 Oceanus Atlanticus Venetiola, Columbia, Guiana
59. Tarim 2,100 557,000 Lop Nur Sinae
60. Xingu 2,100 Amazonum flumen Brasilia
61. Orange 2,092 Oceanus Atlanticus Africa Australis, Namibia, Botswana, Lesothum
62. Salado Borealis 2,010 Paraná Argentina
63. Witimus 1,978 Lena Russia
64. Tigris 1,950 Šaṭṭ al-ʿArab Turcia, Iraca, Syria
65. Songhua 1,927 Amur Sinae
66. Tapajós 1,900 Amazonum flumen Brasilia
67. Tanais 1,870 425,600 935 Palus Maeotis Russia
68. Tunguska Transmontana 1,865 240,000 Ienisea Russia
69. Petschora 1,809 322,000 Mare Barentsianum Russia
70. Kama 1,805 507,000 Rha Russia
71. Limpopo 1,800 413,000 Oceanus Indicus Mozambicum, Zimbabua, Africa Australis, Botswana
72. Tschulymus 1,799 134,000 Obius Russia
73. Guaporé (Itenez) 1,749 Mamoré Brasilia, Bolivia
74. Indigirca 1,726 360,400 1,810 Mare Sibiricum Orientale Russia
75. Snake 1,670 279,719 1,611 Columbia Civitates Foederatae
76. Senegal 1,641 419,659 Oceanus Atlanticus Guinea, Senegalia, Malia, Mauritania
77. Uraquaria 1,610 370,000 Oceanus Atlanticus Uraquaria, Argentina, Brasilia
78. Murrumbidgee 1,600 Murray Australia
78. Nilus Caeruleus 1,600 326,400 Nilus Aethiopia, Sudania
78. Churchill 1,600 Sinus Hudson Canada
78. Chatanga 1,600 Mare Lapteviorum Russia
78. Okavango 1,600 Delta Okavango Namibia, Angolia, Botswana
78. Volta 1,600 Sinus Guineensis Gana, Burkina Faso, Togum, Litus Eburneum, Beninum
84. Beni 1,599 283,350 8,900 Madeira Bolivia
85. Platte 1,594 Missuriense Civitates Foederatae
86. Tobol 1,591 Irtis Kazakhstania, Russia
87. JubbaShebelle 1,580* Oceanus Indicus Aethiopia, Somalia
88. Putomayo (Içá) 1,575 Amazonum flumen Brasilia, Peruvia, Columbia, Aequatoria
89. Magdalena 1,550 263,858 9,000 Mare Caribaeum Columbia
90. Han 1,532 Flumen Caeruleum Sinae
90. Cyrus 1,515 Mare Caspium Turcia, Georgia, Atropatene
92. Occa 1,500 Rha Russia
93. Guaviare 1,497 Orinocum Columbia
94. Pecos 1,490 Rio Grande Civitates Foederatae
95. Ienisea SuperiorIenisea Minor (Kaa-Hem) 1,480 Ienisea Russia, Mongolia
96. Godavari 1,465 312,812 3,061 Sinus Bengalicus India
97. Coloratum (Texia) 1,438 Sinus Mexicanum Civitates Foederatae
97. Río Grande (Guapay) 1,438 102,600 264 Ichilo Bolivia
99. ViadrusVarta 1,425 Polonia, Germania
100. Belaia 1,420 Kama Russia
100. CooperBarcoo 1,420 Lacus Eyre Australia
102. Marañón 1,415 Amazonum flumen Peruvia
103. Tyras 1,411 (1,352) Pontus Euxinus Ucraina, Moldavia
104. Benue 1,400 Niger Cammarunia, Nigeria
104. Ili

(Yili)

1,400 Lacus Balchasch Sinae, Kazakhstania
104. WarburtonGeorgina 1,400 Lacus Eyre Australia
107. Sutlej 1,372 Chenab Sinae, India, Pakistania
108. Yamuna 1,370 366,223 2,950 Ganges India
108. Viatca 1,370 Kama Russia
110. Fraser 1,368 220,000 3,475 Oceanus Pacificus Canada
111. Mtkvari (Kura) 1,364 Mare Caspium Atropatene, Georgia, Armenia, Turcia, Irania
112. Grande 1,360 Paraná Brasilia
113. Brazos 1,352 Sinus Mexicanus Civitates Foederatae
114. Cauca 1,350 Magdalena Columbia
115. Liao 1,345 Mare Bohai Sinae
116. Yalong 1,323 Flumen Caeruleum Sinae
117. Iguaçu 1,320 Paraná Brasilia, Argentina
117. Olecma 1,320 Lena Russia
119. Duina Borealis – Suchona 1,302 357,052 3,332 Mare Album Russia
120. Krishna 1,300 Sinus Bengalicus India
120. Iriri 1,300 Xingu Brasilia
122. Narmada 1,289 Mare Arabicum India
123. Lomami[10] 1,280 Congo Res publica democratica Congensis
124. Ottawa 1,271 146,300 1,950 Flumen Sancti Laurentii Canada
125. Lerma - Rio Grande de Santiago 1,270 119,543 Oceanus Pacificus Mexicum
126. AlbisMultavia 1,252 148,268 711 Mare Germanicum Germania, Cechia
127. Zeja 1,242 Amur Russia
128. Juruena 1,240 Tapajós Brasilia
129. Mississippiense superius 1,236 Mississippiense Civitates Foederatae
130. Rhenus 1,233 198,735 2,330 Mare Germanicum Germania, Francia, Helvetia, Nederlandia, Austria, Lichtenstenum, Italia (particula), Belgica, Luxemburgum
131. Athabasca 1,231 95,300 Mackenzie Canada
132. Canadian 1,223 Arkansianum Civitates Foederatae
133. Saskatchewan boreale 1,220 Saskatchewan Canada
134. Vaal 1,210 Orange Africa Australis
135. Shire 1,200 Zambezi Mozambicum, Malavia
136. Nen

(Nonni)

1,190 Songhua Sinae
137. Halys 1,182 115,000 400 Pontus Euxinus Turcia
138. Green 1,175 Coloratum Flumen Civitates Foederatae
139. Milk 1,173 Flumen Missuriense Civitates Foederatae, Canada
140. Chindwin 1,158 Ayeyarwady Birmania
141. Sankuru 1,150 Kasai Res publica democratica Congensis
141. Wu 1,150 80,300 1,108 Flumen Caeruleum Sinae
142. Rubrum 1,149 143,700 2,640 Sinus Tonkinensis Sinae, Vietnamia
143. James 1,143 Flumen Missuriense Civitates Foederatae
143. Kapuas 1,143 Mare Sinense Australe Indonesia
145. Desna 1,130 88,900 360 Danapris Russia, Ruthenia Alba, Ucraina
145. Helmand 1,130 Hamun-i-Helmand Afgania, Irania
145. Madre de Dios 1,130 125,000 4,915 Beni Peruvia, Bolivia
145. Tietê 1,130 Paraná Brasilia
145. Wytschegda 1,130 Duina Borealis Russia
150. Sepik 1,126 77,700 Oceanus Pacificus Papua Nova Guinea, Indonesia
151. Cimarron 1,123 Arcansianum Civitates Foederatae
152. Anadyr 1,120 Sinus Anadyrensis Russia
152. Paraíba do Sul 1,120 Oceanus Atlanticus Brasilia
154. Jialing 1,119 Flumen Caeruleum Sinae
155. Liard 1,115 Mackenzie Canada
156. Cumberland 1,105 46,830 862 Mississippiense Civitates Foederatae
157. White 1,102 Mississippiense Civitates Foederatae
158. Huallaga 1,100 Marañón Peruvia
158. Kwango 1,100 263,500 2,700 Kasai Angolia, Res publica democratica Congensis
158. Draa 1,100 Oceanus Atlanticus Marocum
161. Gambia 1,094 Oceanus Atlanticus Gambia, Senegalia, Guinea
162. Chenab 1,086 Indus India, Pakistania
163. Yellowstone 1,080 114,260 Flumen Missuriense Civitates Foederatae
163. Ghaghara 1,080 127,950 2,990 Ganges India, Nepalia, Sinae
165. Huai 1,078 270,000 1,110 Flumen Caeruleum Sinae
166. Araxes 1,072 102,000 285 Cyrus Turcia, Armenia, Atropatene, Irania
167. Chu 1,067 62,500 Chirgisia, Kazakhstania
168. Tanais Minor 1,078 (1,053) Tanais Russia, Ucraina
169. Bermejo 1,050 Paraguaia Argentina, Bolivia
169. Fly 1,050 Sinus Papuensis Papua Nova Guinea, Indonesia
169. Kuskokwim 1,050 Mare Beringianum Civitates Foederatae
172. Tennessee 1,049 Ohium Civitates Foederatae
173. Vistula 1,047 194,424 1,080 Mare Balticum Polonia
174. Aruwimi[10] 1,030 Congo Res publica democratica Congensis
175. Duina Occidentalis 1,020 87,900 678 Sinus Rigensis Lettonia, Ruthenia Alba, Russia
176. Gila 1,015 Flumen Coloratum Civitates Foederatae
177. Liger 1,012 115,271 840 Oceanus Atlanticus Francia
178. Essequibo 1,010 Oceanus Atlanticus Guiana
178. Choper 1,010 Tanais Russia
180. Tagus

(Tajo/Tejo)

1,006 80,100 Oceanus Atlanticus Hispania, Portugallia

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Nilus, 6 650 longus,[1] saepe dicitur longissimum flumen orbis esse, et Amazonum flumenum, 6 400 longus,[2] secundum a maximum. Nuper autem verus fons et longitudo fluminis disputantur.

Fontes[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Nile River". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010.
  2. "Amazonum flumen River". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010.
  3. "Río de la Plata". Encyclopædia Britannica 
  4. "Longest Rivers". Geoscience Australia 
  5. Syvitski, James P. M., Vörösmarty, Charles J., Kettner, Albert J., Green, Pamela. "Impact of Humans on the Flux of Terrestrial Sediment to the Global Coastal Ocean" 
  6. Alam, Mohd Shamsul (2012). "River and Drainage System". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A.. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 
  7. Parua, Pranab Kumar (3 January 2010). The Ganga: water use in the Indian subcontinent. Springer. p. 272. ISBN 978-90-481-3102-0 
  8. Ganges–Farakka
  9. Bossche, J.P. vanden; G. M. Bernacsek (1990). Source Book for the Inland Fishery Resources of Africa, Volume 1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 338. ISBN 978-92-5-102983-1 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Bossche, J.P. vanden; G. M. Bernacsek (1990). Source Book for the Inland Fishery Resources of Africa, Volume 1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 333. ISBN 978-92-5-102983-1