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America

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Tabula quae Americas monstrat.
Tabula a CIA edita quae civitates Americanas monstat adhibendo arearum aequalium proiectione.
Peruvia, Florida et Huasteca in Mapa Americae.
Iodocus Hodorius tabulam fecit.

America (-ae, f.), seu Americae (-arum, f.),[1][2][3] est supercontinens quae Americam Septentrionalem et Americam Australem complectitur,[4][5][6] Media America non excepta. Plurimas terrae partes in Hemisphaerio Occidentali constituunt,[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] et Novum Mundum una continent. Continens finitima est Asia.

America, cum eius insulis consociatis, circa 8 centesimas superficiei telluris (42 262 142 chiliometra2) et 28.4 centesimas eius terrae continet. Topographia notatur per Cordilleram Americanum,? longam montium catenam, quae per omne litus occidentale extenditur. Orientale autem Americae latus, humilius et planius, magnis pelvibus fluviatilibus bene describitur, inter quorum regiones sunt pelves Amazoniae, Fluminis Sancti Laurentii, Lacuum Magnorum, Fluminis Mississippiensis, et Fluminis Platensis. Quia omnis America a septentrionibus ad australem 14 000 fere chiliometra extenditur, clima et oecologia latissime variant, ab arctica Canadae Septentrionalis, Groenlandiae, Alascaeque tundra ad silvas pluviales tropicas quae in Media America et America Australi patent.

Indicia supercontinentis[recensere | fontem recensere]

Civitates[recensere | fontem recensere]

Linguae Europeae in America late auditae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Linguae in America vulgares.

Pecunia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. America, Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. "dictionary.reference.com America," Dictionary.com. "America," The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, ed. 4a (Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004).
  2. Fee et MacAlpine 2008:36: "In Canada, American is used almost exclusively in reference to the United States and its citizens." Alia dictionaria, inter quae The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary, The Canadian Oxford Dictionary, The Australian Oxford Dictionary et The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, in eorum definitione vocabuli American, ambas Americas et Civitates Foederatas perscribunt.
  3. McArthur 1992:33: "16c: from the feminine of Americus, the Latinized first name of the explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1454–1512). The name America first appeared on a map in 1507 by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller, referring to the area now called Brazil]. Since the 16c, a name of the western hemisphere, often in the plural Americas and more or less synonymous with the New World. Since the 18c, a name of the United States of America. The second sense is now primary in English. . . . However, the term is open to uncertainties."
  4. Webster's New World College Dictionary (Clevelandiae Ohii: Wiley Publishing, 2010).
  5. "America." Merriam-Webster Dictionary (Merriam-Webster, 2013).
  6. Locus "continent n. 5. a.," Oxford English Dictionary, ed. 2a. (Oxoniae: Oxford University Press, 1989). ¶ Locus "continent1 n.," The Concise Oxford English Dictionary, ed. 11, ed. Catherine Soanes et Angus Stevenson (Oxoniae: Oxford University Press, 2006). ¶ Locus "continent1 n.," The New Oxford American Dictionary, ed. 2a., ed. Erin McKean (Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press, 2005). ¶ Locus "continent [2, n] 4 a," Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged (ProQuest Information and Learning, 1996). ¶ Locus "continent," Encyclopædia Britannica' (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2007).
  7. "Western Hemisphere," Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary, ed. 3a (Springfield Massachusettae: Merriam-Webster, 2001), 1294: "The part of the Earth comprising North and South America and surrounding waters; longitudes 20°W and 160°E are often considered its boundaries."
  8. "Encyclopædia Britannica" 
  9. O'Neal 2011:1780: "This dictionary was written with the British speaker of English in mind. . . . The Western Hemisphere is the half of the world that includes North America and South America."
  10. The World Book Dictionary (Sicagi: World Book, 2003, ISBN 0716602997), 2377: "Western Hemisphere, the half of the world that includes North and South America."
  11. The American Heritage College Dictionary, ed. 4a (Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin, 2010, ISBN 9780618835959), 1557: "Western Hemisphere[:] The half of the earth comprising North America, Central America, and South America."
  12. Stevenson et Lindberg 2010:1963: "The Half of the earth that contains the Americas."
  13. Webster's New World College Dictionary (Fifth ed.). Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. ISBN 978-0-544-16606-6 .
  14. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, United States Department of State.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Carroué, Laurent, DidierCollet, et Claude Ruiz. 2008. Les Amériques. Rosny-sous-Bois: Bréal. ISBN 9782749505305.
  • Chaunu, Pierre. 1964. L'Amérique et les Amériques Destins du monde. Armand Colin.
  • Fee, Marjorie, et Janice MacAlpine. 2008 Oxford Guide to Canadian English Usage.
  • Harlfinger, Dieter, ed. 1992. Die Wiedergeburt der Antike und die Auffindung Amerikas: 2000 Jahre Wegbereitung einer Entdeckung: Bildkatalog zur Ausstellung. Wiesbaden: Reichert. ISBN 3882265647.
  • Knefelkamp, Ulrich, et Hans-Joachim König, eds. 1988. Die neuen Welten in alten Büchern: Entdeckung und Eroberung in frühen deutschen Schrift- und Bildzeugnissen: Ausstellung in der Staatsbibliothek Bamberg. ISBN 3924530033.
  • Mahlke, Kirsten. 2005. Offenbarung im Westen: Frühe Berichte aus der Neuen Welt. Francofurti: Fischer TB. ISBN 3596162351.
  • Mann, Charles C. 2007. 1491: Nouvelles révélations sur les Amériques avant Christophe Colomb. Convertit Marina Boraso. Éditions Albin Michel. Albin Michel. ISBN 9782226175922.
  • McArthur, Tom, ed. 1992. America. The Oxford Companion to the English Language. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 019214183X.
  • Musset, Alain, Vincent Thébault, et al., eds. 2009. Géopolitique des Amériques. Nouveaux continents. Ed. 2a. Lutetiae: Nathan. ISBN 9782091608952. OCLC 470627761.
  • O'Neal, Mary. 2011. The Chambers Dictionary. Ed. 12a. Londinii: Chambers Harrap Publishers. ISBN 9780550102379.
  • Reinhard, Wolfgang, et Peter Waldmann, eds. 1992. Nord und Süd in Amerika: Gemeinsamkeiten, Gegensätze, europäischer Hintergrund. Series historica, 1. Freiburg: Rombach. ISBN 3793090809.
  • Stevenson, Angus, et Christine Lindberg. 2010. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. 3a. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press.
  • Wawrik, Franz. 2003. Die Darstellung Amerikas in den Kosmographien des 16. Jahrhunderts. Cartographica Helvetica 28: 33–41.
  • Zweig, Stephan. 1941. Amerigo, Die Geschichte eines historischen Irrtums.
Continentes