Roman numeral 10000 CC DD.svg
Mille Paginae.png

Systema periodicum

E Vicipaedia
Salire ad: navigationem, quaerere
Demetrius Mendeleev, inter quondam versiones Systematis Periodici creator versionis nostrae. Effigies ei Eliae Repin ab anno 1885.

Systema periodicum elementorum chemicorum, vel periodicum elementorum systema, vel tantum systema periodicum, est tabularis elementorum chemicorum ostentatio. Quamquam praecursores huius tabulae exstant, ea latissime habetur inventum Demetrii Mendeleev, chemici Russici, anno 1869 factum, qui voluit inlustrare constantes periodicasque proprietatum elementorum mutationes. Dispositio tabulae expolita et aucta est, quia elementa nova reperta sunt, et nova theoriae exemplaria excogitata sunt ut mores chemicos explicentur.[1]

Systema[recensere | fontem recensere]

Systema periodicum
Grex 1 2 3   4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Metalla alcalica Metalla alkalica terrena Pnicto­genia Chalco­genia Halogenia Gasa nobilia
Periodus

1

Hydro­genium1H Helium2He
2 Lith­ium3Li Beryl­lium4Be Borium5B Carbonium6C Nitro­genium7N Oxy­genium8O Fluorum9F Neon10Ne
3 Natrium11Na Magne­sium12Mg Alumin­ium13Al Silicium14Si Phos­phorus15P Sulphur16S Chlorum17Cl Argon18Ar
4 Kalium19K Cal­cium20Ca Scan­dium21Sc Tita­nium22Ti Vana­dium23V Chrom­ium24Cr Manga­num25Mn Ferrum26Fe Cobaltum27Co Niccolum28Ni Cuprum29Cu Zincum30Zn Gallium31Ga Germa­nium32Ge Arsenicum33As Sele­nium34Se Bromium35Br Kryp­ton36Kr
5 Rubid­ium37Rb Stront­ium38Sr Yttrium39Y Zirco­nium40Zr Nio­bium41Nb Molyb­denum42Mo Tech­netium43Tc Ruthe­nium44Ru Rho­dium45Rh Pallad­ium46Pd Argentum47Ag Cad­mium48Cd Indium49In Stannum50Sn Stibium51Sb Tellur­ium52Te Iodum53 I  Xenon54Xe
6 Cae­sium55Cs Ba­rium56Ba Lan­thanum57La 1 asterisk Haf­nium72Hf Tanta­lum73Ta Wolfram­ium74W Rhe­nium75Re Os­mium76Os Iridium77Ir Plat­inum78Pt Aurum79Au Hydrar­gyrum80Hg Thallium81Tl Plumbum82Pb Bise­mutum83Bi Polo­nium84Po Astatium85At Radon86Rn
7 Fran­cium87Fr Ra­dium88Ra Actin­ium89Ac 1 asterisk Ruther­fordium104Rf Dub­nium105Db Sea­borgium106Sg Bohr­ium107Bh Has­sium108Hs Meit­nerium109Mt Darm­stadtium110Ds Roent­genium111Rg Coper­nicium112Cn Nihon­ium113Nh Flerov­ium114Fl Moscov­ium115Mc Liver­morium116Lv Tenness­ine117Ts Oga­nesson118Og
1 asterisk Cerium58Ce Praseo­dymium59Pr Neo­dymium60Nd Prome­thium61Pm Sama­rium62Sm Europ­ium63Eu Gadolin­ium64Gd Ter­bium65Tb Dyspro­sium66Dy Hol­mium67Ho Erbium68Er Thulium69Tm Ytter­bium70Yb Lute­tium71Lu  
1 asterisk Thor­ium90Th Protac­tinium91Pa Ura­nium92U Neptu­nium93Np Pluto­nium94Pu Ameri­cium95Am Curium96Cm Berkel­ium97Bk Califor­nium98Cf Einstei­nium99Es Fer­mium100Fm Mende­levium101Md Nobel­ium102No Lawren­cium103Lr  

niger=solidum viridis =liquidum ruber=gas canus= inexplicata Color de numerus atomicus ostendit status materiae (in 0 °C et 1 atm)
Primordial From decay Synthetic Border shows natural occurrence of the element
Background color ostendit subcategoriis in optima flecte de metallum–metalloides–nonmetalla:
Metallum Metalloides Non-metalla Unknown
chemical
properties
Metalla alcalica Metalla alcalica terrena Lanthanida Actinida Metalla transitionis Metalla post-transitionis Non-metalla polyatomica Non-metalla diatomica Gasia nobilia

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Atkins, P. W. 1995. The Periodic Kingdom. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-465-07265-8.
  • Ball, Philip. 2002. The Ingredients: A Guided Tour of the Elements. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-284100-9.
  • Brown, Theodore L., H. Eugene LeMay, et Bruce E. Bursten. 2005. Chemistry: The Central Science. Ed 10a. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-109686-9.
  • Pullman, Bernard. 1998. The Atom in the History of Human Thought. Conversus ab Axel Reisinger. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515040-6.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Systema Periodicum spectant.
Elementa chemica: series paginarum brevium
Ptable-MainPage.png
1 H 2 He 3 Li 4 Be 5 B 6 C 7 N 8 O 9 F 10 Ne 11 Na 12 Mg 13 Al 14 Si 15 P 16 S 17 Cl 18 Ar 19 K 20 Ca 21 Sc 22 Ti 23 V 24 Cr 25 Mn 26 Fe 27 Co 28 Ni 29 Cu 30 Zn 31 Ga 32 Ge 33 As 34 Se 35 Br 36 Kr 37 Rb 38 Sr 39 Y 40 Zr 41 Nb 42 Mo 43 Tc 44 Ru 45 Rh 46 Pd 47 Ag 48 Cd 49 In 50 Sn 51 Sb 52 Te 53 I 54 Xe 55 Cs 56 Ba 57 La 58 Ce 59 Pr 60 Nd 61 Pm 62 Sm 63 Eu 64 Gd 65 Tb 66 Dy 67 Ho 68 Er 69 Tm 70 Yb 71 Lu 72 Hf 73 Ta 74 W 75 Re 76 Os 77 Ir 78 Pt 79 Au 80 Hg 81 Tl 82 Pb 83 Bi 84 Po 85 At 86 Rn 87 Fr 88 Ra 89 Ac 90 Th 91 Pa 92 U 93 Np 94 Pu 95 Am 96 Cm 97 Bk 98 Cf 99 Es 100 Fm 101 Md 102 No 103 Lr 104 Rf 105 Db 106 Sg 107 Bh 108 Hs 109 Mt 110 Ds 111 Rg 112 Cn 113 Nh 114 Fl 115 Mc 116 Lv 117 Ts 118 Og