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Immanuel Kantius

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Immanuel Kantius
Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kantius
Pictura
Natus 22 Aprilis 1724
Regiomontii
Obiit 12 Februarii 1804
ibidem

Immanuel Kantius[1] (Theodisce Immanuel Kant) fuit philosophus Germanicus, Regiomontii in Borussia natus die 22 Aprilis 1724 et ibidem mortuus 12 Februarii 1804. Kantius celebri modo numquam urbe natali exivit. Hodie Regiomontium est Russiae pars, nominatim Calininopolis; Kantii vero temporibus fuit magnitudine secunda Borussiae urbs.

Kantius fuit ultimus hodiernae Europae philosophus potens in sequentia classica epistemologiae per Aevum Illuminationis, quod initium in operibus philosophorum Ioannis Lockius, Georgii Berkeley, et David Humius habuit.[2]

Kantius in libro Kritik der reinen Vernunft (Critica rationis purae[3]) scripsit nostram cognitionem finitam esse. Sunt logica iudicia quae "analytici iudicia a priori" vel "dialectica transcendentalis" ac vel "antinomia" appellantur. Sunt etiam "synthetica iudicia a posteriori," id est iudicia de experimentis; sunt autem alia iudicia, quae "syntheticia iudicia a priori" appellantur: iudicia arithmeticae, geometriae, physicae, denique metaphysicae ac dignitatis personalitatis. Quomodo potest homo synthetica iudicia a priori dicare?

Sententiae celeberrimae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • "Illuminatio est, qua homines exeunt e procuratura, quam ipsi sibi imposuerunt. Procuratura est ratione sua uti non posse nisi praeceptore quodam gubernante."
  • Imperativus ille categoricus sive fundamentum ethicae Kantianae: "Age ita, ut maxima voluntatis tuae propositio esse principio possit legislaturae generali."
  • "Pax perpetua" est pax mundi, idea sublima per abrogatione militis perpetui a iure naturale et iure gentium apud suo scripto "Ad pacem perpetuam" (anno 1795)

Opus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Introductiones generales ad eius cogitata[recensere | fontem recensere]

Opera de vita contextuque historico[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Beck, Lewis White. 1969. Early German Philosophy: Kant and his Predecessors. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press. Survey of Kant's intellectual background
  • Beiser, Frederick C. 1987. The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy from Kant to Fichte. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press.
  • Beiser, Frederick C. 2002. German Idealism: The Struggle against Subjectivism, 1781–1801. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press.
  • Cassirer, Ernst. 1981. Kant's Life and Thought. Translation of Kants Leben und Lehre. Conv. Jame S. Haden, intr. Stephan Körner. Portu Novo, Connecticutae: Yale University Press.
  • Chamberlain, Houston Stewart. 1914. Immanuel Kant: a study and a comparison with Goethe, Leonardo da Vinci, Bruno, Plato and Descartes. Londinii: The Bodley Head.
  • Gulyga, Arsenij. 1987. Immanuel Kant: His Life and Thought. Conv. Marijan Despaltović. Bostoniae: Birkhäuser.
  • Kuehn, Manfred. 2001. Kant: A Biography. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-49704-3.
  • Lehner, Ulrich L. 2007. Kants Vorsehungskonzept auf dem Hintergrund der deutschen Schulphilosophie und -theologie. Leiden.
  • Pinkard, Terry. 2002. German philosophy, 1760-1860: The Legacy of Idealism. Cantabrigiae.
  • Sassen, Brigitte, ed. 2000. Kant's Early Critics: The Empiricist Critique of the Theoretical Philosophy.
  • Vorländer, Karl. 1992. Immanuel Kant: Der Mann und das Werk. Ed. 3a, aucta. Lipsiae: Meiner. Liber iterum pressus. Wiesbaden: Fourier.

Conlectiones commentarium[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Guyer, Paul, ed. 1992. The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-36587-2, ISBN 0-521-36768-9.
  • Förster, Eckart, ed. 1989. "Kant's Transcendental Deductions: The Three 'Critiques' and the 'Opus Postumum.'" Stanfordiae: Stanford University Press.
  • Cohen, Ted, et Paul Guyer eds. Essays in Kant's Aesthetics. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
  • Firestone, Chris L., et Stephen Palmquist, eds. 2006. Kant and the New Philosophy of Religion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-21800-4.
  • Mohanty, J. N., et Robert W. Shahan, eds. 1982. Essays on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1782-6.
  • Phillips, Dewi et al. 2000. Kant and Kierkegaard on Religion. Londinii et Novi Eboraci: Palgrave Macmillian. ISBN 0-312-23234-9.
  • Proceedings of the International Kant Congresses. Nonnulli Congressus.
  • Ioannes Rawls. 1980. Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory.
  • Sala, Giovanni B. 2004. La Cristologia nella "Religione nei limiti della semplice ragione" di Kant. Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 96(2-3): 235-305.

Philosophia theoretica[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Allison, Henry. 1983, 2004. Kant’s Transcendental Idealism. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-03629-9, ISBN 0-300-03002-9.
  • Ameriks, Karl. 1992. Kant's Theory of Mind: An Analysis of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason. Oxoniae: Clarendon Press.
  • Banham, Gary. 2006. Kant's Transcendental Imagination. Londinii et Novi Eboraci: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Farias, Vanderlei de Oliveira. 2006. Kants Realismus und der Aussenweltskeptizismus. OLMS. Hildesheim, Zürich, Novi Eboraci.
  • Deleuze, Gilles. 1984. Kant's Critical Philosophy. Trans., Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-1341-9, ISBN 0-8166-1436-9
  • Gram, Moltke S. 1984. The Transcendental Turn: The Foundation of Kant's Idealism. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-0787-9.
  • Greenberg, Robert. 2001. Kant's Theory of A Priori Knowledge. Penn State Press. ISBN 0-271-02083-0.
  • Guyer, Paul. 1987.Kant and the Claims of Knowledge. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press.
  • Heidegger, Martin. 1997. Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-21067-4.
  • Henrich, Dieter. 1994. The Unity of Reason: Essays on Kant’s Philosophy. Edited and with an introduction by Richard L. Velkley; translated by Jeffrey Edwards [et al.]. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-92905-5.
  • Kemp Smith, Norman. 1930. A Commentary to Kant's ‘Critique of Pure Reason. Londinii: Macmillan.
  • Kitcher, Patricia. 1990. Kant's Transcendental Psychology. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press.
  • Longuenesse, Béatrice. 1998. Kant and the Capacity to Judge. Princetoniae: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-04348-5.
  • Melnick, Arthur. 1973. Kant's Analogies of Experience. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press.
  • Sgarbi, Marco. 2010. La Kritik der reinen Vernunft nel contesto della tradizione logica aristotelica. Hildesheim: Olms.
  • Paton, H. J. 1986. Kant’s Metaphysic of Experience: A Commentary on the First Half of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. 2 voll. Londinii: Macmillan.
  • Pippin, Robert B.. 1982. Kant's Theory of Form: An Essay on the Critique of Pure Reason. Portu Novi: Yale University Press.
  • Sala, Giovanni. 2005. Kant, Lonergan und der christliche Glaube (Nordhausen: Bautz), ed. Ulrich L. Lehner et Ronald K. Tacelli
  • Schopenhauer, Arthur. 1859. Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung. Erster Band. Anhang. Kritik der Kantischen Philosophie. Lipsiae: F. A. Brockhaus. (Anglice: Arthur Schopenhauer, New York: Dover Press, Volume I, Appendix, "Criticism of the Kantian Philosophy," ISBN 0-486-21761-2.)
  • Seung, T. K. 1969. Kant's Transcendental Logic. Portu Novi: Yale University Press.
  • Strawson, P.F. 1989. The Bounds of Sense: an essay on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Routledge.
  • Wolff, Robert Paul. 1963. Kant's theory of mental activity: A commentary on the transcendental analytic of the Critique of Pure Reason. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press.
  • Yovel, Yirmiyahu. 1989. Kant and the Philosophy of History. Princetoniae: Princeton University Press.

Philosophia pragmatica[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Allison, Henry. 1990. Kant's theory of freedom Cambridge University Press.
  • Banham, Gary. 2003. Kant's Practical Philosophy: From Critique to Doctrine Londinii: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Michalson, Gordon E. Fallen Freedom: Kant on Radical Evil and Moral Regeneration. Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Michalson, Gordon E. 1999. Kant and the Problem of God. Blackwell Publishers.
  • Paton, H. J. 1971. The Categorical Imperative; a study in Kant's moral philosophy. University of Pennsylvania Press.
  • Rawls, John. 2000. Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy. Cantabrigiae.
  • Seung, T. K. 1994. Kant's Platonic Revolution in Moral and Political Philosophy. Baltimorae: Johns Hopkins Press.
  • Wolff, Robert Paul. 1974. The Autonomy of Reason: A Commentary on Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals. Novi Eboraci: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-131792-6.
  • Wood, Allen. 1999. Kant's Ethical Thought Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press.

Aesthetica[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Allison, Henry. 2001. Kant's Theory of Taste: A Reading of the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press.
  • Banham, Gary. 2000. Kant and the Ends of Aesthetics. London and New York: Macmillan Press.
  • Crawford, Donald. Kant's Aesthetic Theory. Visconsinia, 1974.
  • Guyer, Paul. 1979. Kant and the Claims of Taste. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae et Londinii.
  • Hammermeister, Kai. 2002. The German Aesthetic Tradition. Cambridge University Press.
  • Immanuel Kant. 1998. In Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, ed. Michael Kelly. Novi Eboraci, Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
  • Makkreel, Rudolf. 1990. Imagination and Interpretation in Kant. Sicagi.
  • McCloskey, Mary. 1987. Kant's Aesthetic. SUNY.
  • Schaper, Eva. 1979. Studies in Kant's Aesthetics. Edinburgi.
  • Zammito, John H. 1992. The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment. Sicagi et Londinii: Chicago University Press.
  • Zupancic, Alenka. 2000. Ethics of the Real: Kant and Lacan. Verso.

Philosophia religionis[recensere | fontem recensere]

Alia opera[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Braver, Lee. 2007. A Thing of This World: a History of Continental Anti-Realism. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 978-0-8101-2380-9
  • Caygill, Howard. 1995. A Kant Dictionary. Oxoniae et Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Blackwell Reference. ISBN 0-631-17534-2, ISBN 0-631-17535-0.
  • Derrida, Jacques. 1980. Mochlos; or, The Conflict of the Faculties. Novi Eboraci: Columbia University.
  • Mosser, Kurt. 2008. Necessity and Possibility; The Logical Strategy of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Catholic University of America Press. ISBN 978-0-8132-1532-7.
  • Perez, D. O. 2007. Os significados dos conceitos de hospitalidade em Kant e a problemática do estrangeiro. Revista Philosophica (Tsilia) 31:43-53. Etiam in Konvergencias, 2007, 15. UCV.cl, Konvergencias.net.
  • Perez, D. O. 2009. 'A loucura como questão semântica: uma interpretação kantiana. Trans/Form/Ação (Sancti Pauli) 32(1): 95-117. Scielo.br

Philosophia hodierna a Kantio mota[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Immanuelem Kantium spectant.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Signum Immanuelis Kantii Regiomontii in urbe Russiae erectum.