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Archaeopteryx

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Archaeopteryx
Aetas fossilium: Iurassicum Superius, 150–145 Ma
Archaeopteryx lithographica
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Classis: Aves
Ordo: Archaeopterygiformes
Familia: Archaeopterygidae
Genus: Archaeopteryx
Meyer, 1861 [nomen conservandum]
Species
  • A. lithographica Meyer, 1861
  • A. bavarica Wellnhofer, 1993
Synonyma
  • Griphosaurus
    Wagner, 1862 [nomen rejectum]
  • Griphornis
    Woodward, 1862 [nomen rejectum]
  • Archaeornis
    Petronievics, 1917
  • Jurapteryx
    Howgate, 1984
  • ¿Wellnhoferia?
    Elżanowski, 2001
Archaeopteryx sizes ranging between about 25 and 50 cm long and between 25 and 60 cm in wingspan
Specimina cum homine sapienti comparata.

Archaeopteryx (Graece ἀρχαῖος 'antiqua' + πτέρυξ 'ala, pinna'), aliquando Theodisce Urvogel ('primordia avis') in variis linguis appellata, est exstinctum genus dinosauriorum avibus simile, quod est fossile transitionale inter dinosauria pinnata non aviana et aves hodiernas. Quod fossile palaeontologis librisque populo gratis paene ubique inter saecula undevicensimum exiens et vicensimum unum iniens recepta est veterrima avis nota, membrum gregis Avialarum.[1] Priores autem avialae nunc inventae sunt, inter quas Anchiornis, Xiaotingia, Aurornis.[2]

Abhinc annorum a 150 fere ad circa 145 milliones vixit, tempore Iurassico Superiore.

Cladogramma[recensere | fontem recensere]

Infra est cladogramma a Pascale Godefroit et aliis anno 2013 editum.[3]

Avialae

Aurornis




Anchiornis




Archaeopteryx




Xiaotingia





Shenzhouraptor



Rahonavis





Balaur




Avebrevicauda (aves hodiernas comprehendit)









Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Xu, X; You, H; Du, K; Han, F (28 July 2011). "An Archaeopteryx-like theropod from China and the origin of Avialae". Nature 475 (7357): 465–470 
  2. Pascal et al. 2013.
  3. Godefroit et al. 2013.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Beer, G. R. de. 1954. Archaeopteryx lithographica: a study based upon the British Museum specimen. Londinii: Trustees of the British Museum.
  • Chambers, P. 2002. Bones of Contention: The Fossil that Shook Science. Londinii: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-6059-4.
  • Feduccia, A. 1996. The Origin and Evolution of Birds. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-06460-8.
  • Godefroit, Pascal, Andrea Cau, Dong-Yu Hu, François Escuillié, Wenhao Wu, et Gareth Dyke. 2013. A Jurassic avialan dinosaur from China resolves the early phylogenetic history of birds. Nature 498 (7454): 359–362. Bibcode:2013Natur.498..359G. doi:10.1038/nature12168. PMID 23719374.
  • Heilmann, G. 1926. The Origin of Birds. Londinii: Witherby.
  • Huxley, T. H. 1871. Manual of the anatomy of vertebrate animals. Londinii.
  • Mayr, Gerald. 2017. Avian evolution: the fossil record of birds and its paleobiological significance. Francofurti: Senckenberg Research Institute Frankfurt, Senckenberganlage. Chichester Sussexiae Occidentalis et Hoboken Novae Caesareae: Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 9781119020769, ISBN 111902076X.
  • Meyer, H. von. 1861. Archaeopterix lithographica (Vogel-Feder) und Pterodactylus von Solenhofen. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde 678–679, lamina V.
  • Shipman, P. 1998. Taking Wing: Archaeopteryx and the Evolution of Bird Flight. Londinii: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-84156-4.
  • Wellnhofer, P. 2008. Archaeopteryx: Der Urvogel von Solnhofen. Monaci: Verlag Friedrich Pfeil. ISBN 978-3-89937-076-8.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • Fossilworks
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Archaeopterygem spectant.