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Cambrium

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Stromatolitha Cambria, e stratis Cyanobacteriorum composita, in civitate Novo Eboraco reperta

Cambrium[1][2] est systema stratigraphicum et periodus geologica.

Divisionem infimam constituit tam aerae Palaeozoicae quam aeonis Phanerozoicae. Abhinc 5 410 ± 10 centies milium annorum coepit, antecessore Ediacario, periodo suprema tam aerae Neoproterozoicae quam aeonis Proterozoicae. Finem habuit abhinc 4 854 ± 19 centies milium annorum, successore Ordovicio, secundum scalam aevorum geologicorum Commissionis Internationalis Stratigraphicae.[3] Phanerozoicum, Palaeozoicum, Cambrium omnia incepta ex antiquissimis ichnofossilibus Treptichnus pedum dantur.

In quattuor series dividitur, quae ab infima ad supremam Terreneuvium, series 2, Maolingium, Furongium appellantur. In decem stadia dividitur, quae ab infimo ad supremum Fortunium, 2, 3, 4, Wuliuum, Drumium, Guzhangium, Paibium, Jiangshanium, 10 appellantur.[4]

E nomine Cambriae regionis Britannicae appellatur. Nomina Anglica ipsius systematis, videlicet Cambrian system, gregumque trium Lower, Middle, Upper Cambrian, e stratis Cambricis et Anglicis agnitorum, primum anno 1835 ab Adamo Sedgwick data et definita sunt.[5][6]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Cambrium": Robertus Koeppel, Praelectiones geologiae et praehistoriae pars 1 iii (Romae, 1933) p. 5 (Paginae selectae apud Google Books)
  2. Christof Kuhn, "Etymology of Geological Time Units"
  3. "International Chronostratigraphic Chart"
  4. "Internationale Chronostratigraphische Tabelle" (2017)
  5. "Professor Sedgwick then described in descending order the groups of slate rocks, as they are seen in Wales and Cumberland. To the highest he gave the name of Upper Cambrian group. ... To the next inferior group he gave the name of Middle Cambrian. ... The Lower Cambrian group occupies the S.W. coast of Cærnarvonshire" (p. 60) in A. Sedgwick, R. I. Murchison, "On the Silurian and Cambrian systems, exhibiting the order in which the older sedimentary strata succeed each other in England and Wales" sub "Notices and Abstracts of Communications to the British Association for the Advancement of Science at the Dublin meeting, August 1835" pp. 59-61, in Report of the Fifth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Dublin in 1835 (1836)
  6. De historia nominis definitionisque vide: Mary Grace Wilmarth, The Geologic Time Classification of the United States Geological Survey Compared With Other Classifications, accompanied by the original definitions of era, period and epoch terms (United States Geological Survey Bulletin no. 769. Vasingtoniae: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1925) (p. 92 apud Google Books)

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Systemata = Periodi geologicae
Tyrannosaurus rex
Siderium • Rhyacium • Orosirium • Statherium • Calymmium • Ectasium • Stenium • Tonium • Cryogenium • Ediacarium • Cambrium • Ordovicium • Silurium • Devonium • Carboniferum • Permium • Triassicum • Iurassicum • Cretaceum • Palaeogenicum • Neogenicum • Quaternarium
Capsae cognatae: Aeones • Aerae • Periodi • Epochae • Aetates geologicae = Aeonothemata • Aerathemata • Systemata • Series • Stadia stratigraphica