Soma

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Soma, scriptura devanagari सोम, Avestane haoma (ad pedem litterarum "pressum") est potio ritualis religionis Hinduicae saepe in Rigveda aliisque scripturis relata. Qui in India australi temporibus nostris hanc potionem sumunt e suco plantae Sarcostemmatis acidi exprimere solent. Hanc speciem loco aliae hodie incertae adhibent. Alii enim aliter, plures autem soma antiquorum sucum fuisse fruticum generis Ephedrae e.g. intermediae censent. Victor Sarianidi in locis archaeologicis Margianae aevi aënei (e.g. Gonur) vestigia repperit confectionis potionum, quas mixturas fuisse proposuit Ephedrae cum Papavere somnifero et Cannabi sativa. Inventio Ephedrae, Papaveris, Cannabidis ab aliis eruditis non iam confirmatur.[1]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. #Sarianidi (2003); #Bakels (2003); cf. Asko Parpola, "The coming of the Aryans to Iran and India" in Studia Orientalia vol. 64 (1988) p. 236

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • C. C. Bakels, "Report concerning the contents of a ceramic vessel found in the "white room" of the Gonur Temenos, Merv Oasis, Turkmenistan" in Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies vol. 9 (2003)
  • Mary Boyce, "Haoma. II, The Rituals" in Encyclopaedia Iranica vol. 11 fasc. 6 pp. 662-667
  • John Brough, "Soma and Amanita muscaria" in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies vol. 34 (1971) pp. 331-362
  • Rahul Peter Das, "On the Identification of a Vedic Plant" in G. Jan Meulenbeld, Dominik Wujastyk, edd., Studies on Indian Medical History: Papers Presented at the International Workshop on the Study of Indian Medicine Held at the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 2-4 Sept. 1985 (Groningen Oriental Studies vol. 2, 1987) pp. 19-42
  • Harry Falk, "Soma I and II" in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies vol. 52 (1989) pp. 77-90
  • David Stophlet Flattery, Martin Schwartz, Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “Soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle Eastern Folklore. Berkeleiae, 1989
  • Ilya Gershevitch, "An Iranist's View of the Soma Controversy" in Philippe Gignoux, Ahmad Tafazzoli, edd., Mémorial Jean de Menasce (Lovanii, 1974) pp. 45-75
  • Gherardo Gnoli, "Lichtsymbolik in Alt-Iran: Haoma-Ritus und Erlöser-Mythos" in Antaios vol. 8 (1967) pp. 528-549
  • M. Hutter, "Weltliche und geistliche Berauschung: die Bedeutung von Haoma im Zoroastrismus" in Mitteilungen für Anthropologie und Religionsgeschichte vol. 11 (1996) pp. 187-208
  • Rajesh Kochhar, "The Rgvedic Soma Plant" in ‘Medicine and Life Sciences in India (Novi Dillii, Centre for Studies in Civilization, 2001) pp. 724-739
  • F. B. J. Kuiper, recensio operis Wasson (1968) in Indo-Iranian Journal vol. 12 (1970) pp. 279-285
  • S. Mahdihasan, The History and Natural History of Ephedra as Soma. Islamabad, 1987 vide recensionem H. Falk
  • B. L. Mukherjee, "The Soma Plant" in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1921) p. 241 ff.
  • Wendy Donovan O'Flaherty, "The Post-Vedic History of the Soma Plant" in Robert Gordon Wasson, ed., Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality (Novi Eboraci, 1968) pp. 95-147
  • Victor I. Sarianidi, "Margiana and Soma-Haoma" in Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies vol. 9 (2003)
  • Dieter Taillieu, "Haoma. I, Botany" in Encyclopaedia Iranica vol. 11 fasc. 6 pp. 659-662
  • Robert Gordon Wasson, ed., Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality. Novi Eboraci, 1968
  • Gernot L. Windfuhr, "Haoma/Soma, the Plant" in Papers in Honour of Professor Mary Boyce (Acta Iranica vols 24-25, 1985) vol. 1 pp. 699-726