Roman numeral 10000 CC DD.svg

Portus

E Vicipaedia
Salire ad: navigationem, quaerere
Imago Portus maris anno 1638 a pictore Claudio Lorrain facta.
Portus Franciscopolitis anno 1851.
Portus Hamburgi
Portus mercatorius Barcinonis in Hispania.
Piraeus, Graecia.
Portus Haifae, Israel

Portus (-ūs, m.) est structura naturalis aut ab hominibus aedificata mari, lacui, aut flumini adiacens, quae naves accipit et tegit.

Historia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Primi portus magni fuerunt portus Wadi al-Jarf[1] apud Mare rubrum, portus urbis Quanchei Sinarum, portus Canopi Aegyptici, portus Athenensis Piraeus, portus Indicus Lothal, Ostia Antica antiquus portus urbis Romae.

Infrastructura[recensere | fontem recensere]

Portus habent muros ripenses, stipites ad naves funibus ligandas, ciconias ad merces in naves et ex navibus transportandas. Aedificia et plateae ad merces condendas praebere gubernatoribus portum oportet. Inter naves, tramina ferriviara oneraria vel autocineta oneraria portus sunt loci commeati intermodali maximi momenti.

Naves portuales[recensere | fontem recensere]

Rectores portum plura genera navium adiutricium gerunt, e.g. naves tractrices, naves gubernatorum, naves ciconiae, naves siphonariorum, arceras, naves vigilium.

Geographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Portus naturales in [[Sinus maritimus]sinis maritimis]] vel fiordis
  • Portus maris
  • Portus fluviales
  • Portus lacuum

Typologia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Portus periegetici
  • Portus onerarii
  • Portus contineriorum
  • Portus piscatorum
  • Portus navium lusoriarum
  • Portus militares
  • Portus sicci

Portus mundi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus interni[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. F. Bissey: Vestige d’un port ancien dans le golfe de Suez. In: Bulletin de la Société d'études historiques et géographiques de l'isthme de Suez. tom. 5, 1953−1954, p. 266.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Portus spectant.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Antunes, Cátia: Early Modern Ports, 1500-1750, Mainz: 2011.
  • A. Wilson (et. al.): Roman ports and Mediterranean connectivity. In: Archaeological monographs of the British school of rome. Roman port networks wokrshop, rome 2008. Londinio 2012.
  • The history of the Port of London up to the advent of the Port of London Authority. Londinio 1978.
  • Port engineering and operation : Conference on British ports and their future : Papers. Londinio 1985. ISBN 0727702440.
  • International Association of Ports and Harbors. Port Planning and Construction Committee.: IAPH guidelines for port planning and design. Tokio 1993.
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.: Manual on port management. 1976.
  • Maritime Cargo Transportation Conference. San Francisco Port Studies. Franciscopoli 1962.
  • N.J. Shankar, T.A. Cheong, L. Pengzhi: Port development, management and operations. International conference on port and maritime R & D and technology; Singapore, 2001. Singapura 2001.