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Occulta

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Mensa sacra Ioannis Dee refecta.

Occulta vel scientiae occultae sunt "scientia rerum celatarum,"[1] usitate rerum paranormalium, contra "scientia rerum mensurabilium"[2] (plerumque scientia appellatarum. Vocabulum aliquando significare habetur scientiam "solum pro quibusdam hominibus" vel "quae celanda est," sed occultistis exercentibus tantum est studium realitatis spiritualis profundioris quae praeter rationem puram et scientias physicas extenditur.[3] Vocabula esoterica et arcana ad occulta describenda adhiberi possunt,[4][5] praeter eorum significationes ad supernaturalia non coniunctas.

Vocabulum occultus etiam describit varias magorumque mysticorum associationes vel ordines, eorum dogmata ususque ab eis doctos, et magnum corpus litterarum historicarum et recentiorum et philosophiae spiritualis ad hanc rem pertinentis.

Hexagramma unicursale, unum ex signis magni momenti in Thelema, par cruci ansatae Aegyptii[6] vel Roseae Cruci Rosicrucianismorum.[7]

Occultismus est studium usuum occultorum, inter quos alchemia, astrologia, divinatio, magia, perceptio extrasensoria, religio, spiritualismus. Interpretatio occultismi et eius notionum inveni potest in fidibus philosophiarum et religionum sicut Gnosticismus, Hermetismus, magia chai, neopaganismus, paganismus, Thelema, Theosophia, Wicca.[8] Lata definitio a Nicolao Goodrick-Clarke, rerum gestarum scriptore Britannico, praebetur:

Occultismus in religioso cogitandi modo conditur, cuius radices ad antiquitatem accedunt et qui describi possunt Occidentalis esoterici traditus. Inter eius partes principales sunt Gnosticismus, libri hermetici de alchemia et magia, neoplatonismus, et Kabala, quorum omnes in regione Mediterranei orientalis nonnulla saecula prima a.C.n. orti sunt.[9]

A saeculo quinto decimo ad saeculum septimum decimum, hae notiones, alioquin Esoterismus Occidentalis appellatae, quae post 1770 fere redintegratae sunt, ob novum mysteriae desiderium, medii aevi studium, et romanticum "rationalistico Illuminismo responsum."[10] Alchemia fuit res quotidiana inter physicos saeculi septimi decimi magni momenti, sicut Isaacus Newtonus[11] et Godefridus Guilielmus Leibnitius.[12] Eruditi Newtonum adeo accusaverunt quod opera occulta in scientiam naturalem introduceret cum gravitatem poneret vim quae per distantia vasta agere potest.[13] "Ante saeculum duodevicensimum, hae anxietates religiosae et philosophicae a ceteris opinionibus dissentientes bene definitae sunt occultae, quandoquidem in extrema acceptarum scientiae et sermonis formarum margine iacebant."[14] Quae autem ab antiquarianis et mysticis conservati sunt.

Goodrick-Clarke, investigationes hodiernae Redintegrationis Occultarum Scientiarum Germanicae (1890–1910) adhibens, novam thesin ponit de vi post occultismum cogens. Sub eius multas formas varias ut videtur iacet officium aequabile, "desiderium tenax ad accommodanda inventa hodiernae scientiae naturalis cum cosmotheoria quae homines ad gradum centralitatis et dignitatis in universo restituere possit."[15] Ex eo tempore, multi auctores conatus syncreticos vehementius dixerunt, variis disciplinis comparandis.[16]

Res occultae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Res occultae sunt proprietates quibus est nulla explanatio rationalis nota; medio aevo, exempli gratia, magnetismus qualitatem occultam habebatur.[17] Aequales Newtoniani severe reprehenderunt eius theoriam quod gravitas per actionem distantem efficeretur, quam meram rem occultam appellabant.[18]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Anglice: "knowledge of the hidden" (Crabb 1927).
  2. Underhill 1911.
  3. Blavatsky 1888.
  4. Houghton Mifflin Company, The American Heritage College Thesaurus (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2004), 530.
  5. Wright 1895.
  6. Lon Milo Duquette, Understanding Aleister Crowley's Thoth Tarot (Weiser, 2003, ISBN 1-57863-276-5), 43–53.
  7. Lon Milo Duquette, Understanding Aleister Crowley's Thoth Tarot (Weiser, 2003, ISBN 1-57863-276-5), 43–53.
  8. Drury, p. 3.
  9. Anglice: "Occultism has its basis in a religious way of thinking, the roots of which stretch back into antiquity and which may be described as the Western esoteric tradition. Its principal ingredients have been identified as Gnosticism, the Hermetic treatises on alchemy and magic, Neo-Platonism, and the Kabbalah, all originating in the eastern Mediterranean area during the first few centuries AD" (Goodrick-Clarke 1985:17).
  10. Goodrick-Clarke 1985:18.
  11. Newton's Dark Secrets.
  12. Liukkonen, Petri. "Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz". Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library 
  13. Edelglass et al., p. 54.
  14. Anglice: "By the eighteenth century these unorthodox religious and philosophical concerns were well-defined as 'occult', inasmuch as they lay on the outermost fringe of accepted forms of knowledge and discourse" (Goodrick-Clarke 1985:18).
  15. Anglice: "a strong desire to reconcile the findings of modern natural science with a religious view that could restore man to a position of centrality and dignity in the universe" (Goodrick-Clarke 1985:29).
  16. IAO131. "Thelema & Buddhism" in Journal of Thelemic Studies 1(1), autumno 2007, pp. 18-32.
  17. Osler et Farber 2002.
  18. Buchdahl, p. 232.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Michael Nostradamus a Caesare Nostradamo filio pictus.
  • Bardon, Franz. 1971. Initiation into Hermetics. Wuppertal: Ruggeberg.
  • Blavatsky, H. P. 1888. The Secret Doctrine. Whitefish Montanae: Kessinger Publishing.
  • Buchdahl, Gerd. History of Science and Criteria of Choice. In Historical and Philosophical Perspectives of Science, vol. 5, ed. Roger H. Stuewer.
  • Crabb, George. 1927. English synonyms explained, in alphabetical order, copious illustrations and examples drawn from the best writers. Novi Eboraci: Thomas Y. Crowell Co.
  • Davis, R. 2006. True to His Ways: Purity & Safety in Christian Spiritual Practice. Ozark Alabamae: ACW Press. ISBN 1-932124-61-6.
  • Drury, Nevill. The Watkins Dictionary of Magic. ISBN 1-84293-152-0.
  • Edelglass et al. Matter and Mind. ISBN 0-940262-45-2.
  • Forshaw, Peter. 2014. The Occult Middle Ages. In The Occult World, ed. Christopher Partridge. Londinii: Routledge.
  • Fortune, Dion. 2000. The Mystical Qabala. Weiser Books. ISBN 1-57863-150-5.
  • Gettings, Fred. 1987. Vision of the Occult. Century Hutchinson Ltd. ISBN 0-7126-1438-9.
  • Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas. 1985. The Occult Roots of Nazism. ISBN 0-85030-402-4.
  • Kontou, Tatiana, et Sarah Willburn, eds. 2012. The Ashgate Research Companion to Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism and the Occult. Farnham: Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-7546-6912-8.
  • Martin, W., J. Rische, K. Rische, et K. VanGordon. 2008. The Kingdom of the Occult. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishing.
  • Molnar, Thomas. 1987. The Pagan Temptation. Grand Rapids Michiganiae: W. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8028-0262-1.
  • Osler, Margaret J., et Paul Lawrence Farber, eds. 2002. Religion, Science, and Worldview: Essays in Honor of Richard S. Westfall. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52493-8.
  • Partridge, Christopher, ed. 2014. The Occult World. Londinii: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-69596-1.
  • Regardie, I., C. Cicero, et S. T. Cicero. 2001. The Tree of Life: An Illustrated Study in Magic. Sancti Pauli Minnesotae: Llewellyn Publications.
  • Newton, Isaac. Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John.
  • Rogers, L. W. 1909. Hints to Young Students of Occultism. Albaniae Novi Eboraci: The Theosophical Book Company.
  • Shepard, Leslie, ed. 1978. Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. Detroiti Michiganiae: Gale Research Co.
  • Spence, Lewis. 1920. Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology.
  • Underhill, Evelyn. 1911. Mysticism. Novi Eboraci: Meridian.
  • Walker, Benjamin. 1980. Encyclopedia of the Occult, the Esoteric and the Supernatural. Novi Eboraci: Stein & Day. ISBN 0-8128-6051-9.
  • Wright, C. F. 1895. An outline of the principles of modern theosophy. Bostoniae: New England Theosophical Corp.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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