Bacterium

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Bacteria
Escherichia coli cellulae, magnificatae quinquies et vicies milies (x 25,000)
Taxinomia
Regio: Bacteria
Phyla

Acidobacteria
Actinobacteria
Aquificae
Armatimonadetes
Bacteroidetes
Caldiserica
Chlamydiae
Chlorobi
Chloroflexi
Chrysiogenetes
Cyanobacteria
Deferribacteres
Deinococcus-Thermus
Dictyoglomi
Elusimicrobia
Fibrobacteres
Firmicutes
Fusobacteria
Gemmatimonadetes
Lentisphaerae
Nitrospira
Planctomycetes
Proteobacteria
Spirochaetes
Synergistetes
Tenericutes
Thermodesulfobacteria
Thermomicrobia
Thermotogae
Verrucomicrobia[1]

Bacterium (e Graeco βακτήριον 'parvum baculum') est dominium biotum vitalium quod solum ex una cellula constat et nucleum non habet. Organismus est minimus qui longitudine nonnulla micrometra patet. Bacteria multas formas habere possunt; exempli gratia, formas sphaerae, virgae, cocleae. Pars microbiologiae quae de bacteriis agit bacteriologia appellatur.

Bacteria ubique sunt, et parva aliqua eorum sunt causa morborum.

Taxinomia bacteriorum multum disputatur. Post systema trium dominiorum a Carolo Woese anno 1977 propositum, bacteria dominium habentur, regni igitur gradus manet non usitatus. Secundum indicem LPSN, sunt triginta phyla, ad dexteram partem huius paginae indicata.

Praeclara bacteria[recensere | fontem recensere]

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Antonius van Leeuwenhoek fuit primus microbiologus et primus homo qui bacteria microscopio observavit.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Salmonella typhimurium (colore rubro) cellulas humanas invadit. Micrographum electronicum coloribus auctis.
  • Alcamo, I. E. 2001. Fundamentals of microbiology. Bostoniae: Jones and Bartlett. ISBN 0-7637-1067-9.
  • Atlas, R. M. 1995. Principles of microbiology. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 0-8016-7790-4.
  • Funke, B. R., G. J. Tortora, et C. L Case. 2004. Microbiology: an introduction. Ed. 8a. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings. ISBN 0-8053-7614-3.
  • Holt, J. C., et D. H. Bergey. 1994. Bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology. Ed. 9a. Baltimorae: Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-683-00603-7.
  • Hugenholtz, P., B. M. Goebel, et N. R. Pace. 1998. "Impact of culture-independent studies on the emerging phylogenetic view of bacterial diversity." J Bacteriol 180(18):4765–4774. PMID 9733676. PMC 107498. http://jb.asm.org/cgi/content/full/180/18/4765?view=full&pmid=9733676.
  • Martinko, J. M., et M. T. Madigan. 2005. Brock Biology of Microorganisms. Ed. 11a. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1.
  • Shively, Jessup M. 2006. Complex Intracellular Structures in Prokaryotes (Microbiology Monographs). Berolini: Springer. ISBN 3-540-32524-7.
  • Witzany, G. 2008. "Bio-Communication of Bacteria and their Evolutionary Roots in Natural Genome Editing Competences of Viruses." Open Evol J 2:44–54. doi:10.2174/1874404400802010044.
  1. "Classification of Bacteria", List of prokaryotic names with standing in nomenclature (LPSN).

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