Erythroxylum coca

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Erythroxylum coca
Taxinomia
Regnum: Plantae
(inordinata): Angiospermae
(inordinata): Eudicotyledones
(inordinatus): Rosidae
Ordo: Malpighiales
Familia: Erythroxylaceae
Genus: Erythroxylum
Species: E. coca
Binomen
Erythroxylum coca
Lam.

Erythroxylum coca (binomen ab Ioanne Baptista Lamarck anno 1786 statutum) est species fruticum ordinis Malpighialium, mediis montibus Andium in America Australi endemica atque culta. Homines ibi folia huius plantae stimulantia masticare solent. Ex eisdem foliis pharmacum cocainum extrahitur.

In valle superiori fluminis Amazonum orta est cultivarietas huius speciei, eisdem proprietatibus medicis, modo vegetativo propagata, a populis Peruviae, Aequatoriae et Colombiae culta, nomine botanico Erythroxylum coca var. ipadu Plowman, cuius diagnosis sic ab auctore scripta est:

Ab Erythroxylo Coca typico ramis fortiter erectis virgatis, ramentis paucis vel nullis, foliis apice rotundatis, lineis abaxialibus obscuris, pedicellis brevioribus, stamineo urceolo valde 10-denticulato, stigma promienti, ovato-oblonga differt.[1]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Fontes antiquiores[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • B. A. Bohm, F. R. Ganders, T. Plowman, "Biosystematics and evolution of cultivated coca (Erythroxylaceae)" in Systematic Botany vol. 7 (1982) pp. 121–133
  • Christine A. Hastorf, "Archaeological evidence of coca (Erythroxylum coca, erythroxylaceae) in the upper Mantaro valley, Peru" in Economic Botany vol. 41 (1987) pp. 292–301 Epitome
  • Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in Encyclopédie Méthodique: Botanique vol. 2 (1786) p. 393
  • Dolores R. Piperno, "The Origins of Plant Cultivation and Domestication in the New World Tropics: Patterns, Process, and New Developments" in Current Anthropology vol. 52, no. S4 (2011) pp. S453-S470 eadem
  • Timothy Plowman, "The identity of Amazonian and Trujillo coca" in Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University vol. 27 (1979) pp. 45-68 JSTOR
  • Timothy Plowman, "Amazonian coca" in Journal of Ethnopharmacology vol. 3 (1981) pp. 195-225 Epitome
  • Timothy Plowman, "The Origin, Evolution, and Diffusion of Coca, Erythroxylum spp., in South and Central America" in D. Stone ed., Pre-Columbian Plant Migration (Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, vol. 76, 1984) pp. 125-163
  • Timothy Plowman, "The ethnobotany of coca (Erythroxylum spp., Erythroxylaceae)" in Advances in Economic Botany vol. 1 (1984) pp. 62–111
  • Richard Evans Schultes, "Coca in the northwest Amazon" in Journal of Ethnopharmacology vol. 3 (1981) pp. 173-194 Epitome

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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