The Waste Land

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Pagina titularis poematis.

The Waste Land ('Vastitas') est poema longum a T. S. Eliot ductum, quod "unum ex poematibus maximi momenti saeculi vicensimi"[1] et principalis modernisticae poesis Anglice scriptae textus late habetur.[2][3] Poema, in versibus 434 consistens,[B] anno 1922, primum in Britanniarum Regno fasciculo Octobre The Criterion et in Civitatibus Foederatis fasciculo Novembre The Dial apparuit; ut liber proprius Decembre prolatum est. Inter suas locutiones notissimas sunt "April is the cruellest month" ('Aprilis est mensis saevissimus'), "I will show you fear in a handful of dust" ('Metum in pugillo pulveris tibi ostendam'), et "Shantih shantih shantih," mantra Sanscrita.[C]

Argumentum poematis legendum Sanctae Grail et Regis Piscatoris dubie sequitur, conspectibus hodiernarum condicionum in societate Britannica praeditum. Eliot multas adhibet allusiones litterarias resque culturae ex canone Occidentali ac Buddhismo et Upanishad Hindu. Quam ob rem, iudices litterarii eruditique academici poema habent subobscurum.[4] Textus inter voces saturae et vaticinationis agitatur, abruptas incertasque narratoris mutationes, locos, et tempora vehementius dicens, et variissimas et dissonantís culturas et litteras evocans.

Poemati sunt quinque partes. Prima pars, The Burial of the Dead ('Sepultura mortuorum'), themata redemptionis de somnio et desperationis introducit. Secunda, A Game of Chess ('Ludus scaccorum'), prospectibus nonnullarum personarum utitur—narrationes alternantes—quae illa themata per experientiam tractant. Tertia, The Fire Sermon ('Homilia ignis'), meditationem philosophicam offert ad imagines mortis et aspectus temperantiae spectans, ab Augustino et religionibus orientalibus motam. Quarta brevem petitionem lyricam comprehendit. Quinta, What the Thunder Said ('Quod dixit tonitrus'), imagine iudicii ultimi finitur.

Adnotationes[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Anglice: "one of the most important poems of the 20th century."
  2. Valentine Low, "Out of the waste land: TS Eliot becomes nation's favourite poet," Timesonline, 9 Octobris 2009.
  3. Alan Bennett, "Margate's shrine to Eliot's muse," The Guardian, 12 Iulii 2009.
  4. Forster, 89–96.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. ^ Titulus aliquando The Wasteland falso inscribitur.
  2. ^ Ob errorem versuum enumeratorum, Eliot ad nonnullas ex lineis ultimis notas perperam posuit, ultima linea 433 dicta. Errore numquam emendato, numerus 433 saepe citatur.
  3. ^ Eliotiana huius versus adnotatio legitur: "Shantih. Repeated as here, a formal ending to an Upanishad. 'The Peace which passeth understanding' is our equivalent to this word."

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Aldington, Richard. 1941. Life for Life's Sake. The Viking Press.
  • Bush, Ronald. 1991. T. S. Eliot. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521390745.
  • Eliot, T. S. 1961. The Frontiers of Criticism. In On Poetry and Poets. Novi Eboraci: Noonday Press.
  • Eliot, T. S. 1971. The Waste Land: A Facsimile and Transcript of the Original Drafts Including the Annotations of Ezra Pound. Ed. cum praefatione a Valerie Eliot scripta. Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN 0156948702.
  • Eliot, T. S. 1988. The Letters of T. S. Eliot, vol. 1. Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich.
  • Eliot, T. S. 1986. The Frontiers of Criticism. In On Poetry and Poets. Londinii: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571089836.
  • Eliot, T. S. 2001. The Waste Land. Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton. ISBN 0393974995.
  • Forster, E. M. 1964. Abinger Harvest. Novi Eboraci: Harcourt, Brace & World
  • Gallup, Donald. 1969. T. S. Eliot: A Bibliography. Ed. retractata et amplificata. Novi Eboraci: Harcourt, Brace & World.
  • Gordon, Lyndall. 2000. T. S. Eliot: An Imperfect Life. Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393320936.
  • Officer, Lawrence H. (2008) "Dollar-Pound Exchange Rate From 1791", MeasuringWorth.com
  • Pound, Ezra. 2005. The Spirit of Romance. New Directions. ISBN 0811216462.
  • Rainey, Lawrence. 2005. Revisiting the Waste Land. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300107072.
  • Wilhelm, James J. 1990. Ezra Pound in London and Paris, 1908–1925. Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 027100682X.
  • Weidmann, Dirk. 2009. And I Tiresias have foresuffered all: More Than Allusions to Ovid in T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land? In Literatura 51(3):98–108.

Fontes primarii[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Eliot, T. S. 1963. Collected Poems, 1909–1962. Novi Eboraci: Harcourt, Brace & World. ISBN 0151189781.
  • Eliot, T. S. 1971. The Waste Land: A Facsimile and Transcript of the Original Drafts Including the Annotations of Ezra Pound, a Valeria Eliot adnnotatus et editus. Londinii: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571096352, ISBN ISBN 0571115039.

Fontes additi[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Ackroyd, Peter. 1984. T. S. Eliot. Londinii: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0241113490.
  • Bedient, Calvin. 1986. He Do the Police in Different Voices. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226041417.
  • Bloom, Harold. 2003. Genius: A Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds. Novi Eboraci: Warner Books. ISBN 0446691291.
  • Brooker, Jewel, et Joseph Bentley. 1990. Reading the Waste Land: Modernism and the Limits of Interpretation. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 0870238035.
  • Claes, Paul. 2012. A Commentary on T.S. Eliot's Poem The Waste Land: The Infertility Theme and the Poet's Unhappy Marriage. Lewiston Novi Eboraci: Edwin Mellen Press.
  • Drew, Elizabeth. 1949. T. S. Eliot: The Design of His Poetry. Novi Eboraci: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  • Gish, Nancy. 1988. The Waste Land: A Student's Companion to the Poem. Bostoniae: Twayne. ISBN 0805780238.
  • Miller, James. 1977. T. S. Eliot's Personal Waste Land. Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 0271012374.
  • Moody, A. David. 1994. The Cambridge Companion to T. S. Eliot. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521421276.
  • North, Michael. 2000. The Waste Land. Norton Critical Editions. Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton. ISBN 0393974995.*Reeves, Gareth. 1994. T. S. Eliot's the Waste Land. Novi Eboraci: Harvester Wheatsheaf. ISBN 0745007384.
  • Southam, B. C. 1996. A Guide to the Selected Poems of T. S. Eliot. Didacopoli: Harcourt Brace. ISBN 0156002612.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikisource-logo.svg Vide The Waste Land apud Vicifontem.
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Vastitatem spectant.
Poema ipsum
Textus adnotati
Auditus


Stipula Haec stipula ad litteras spectat. Amplifica, si potes!
Catullus Haec pagina est stipula de poësi. Amplifica, si potes!