Hinduismus

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Valmiki, aequalis Ramae, Ramayanam componit.
Templum Padmanabhasway, divitissimum templum in India et orbe terrarum.[1]

Hinduismus,[2] sive religio Induica, est vernacula praepollensque religio vel memoria religiosa[3] Asiae Meridianae. Hinduismus a suis fautoribus saepe appellatur Sanātana Dharma (Sanscritice: सनातन धर्म 'lex aeterna') vel Hindū Dharma (हिन्दू धर्म).[4][5] Genera Hinduismi quae varias opiniones multiplices accommodare conantur Hinduismum popularem (Anglice folk Hinduism) et Vedicum, et etiam memorias bhakti, ut in Vaishnavismo visas, comprehendunt. Hinduismus etiam memorias yogicas comprehendit, et latam "morum quotidianorum" varietatem in notione karma normisque societatis sicut Hinduici coniugii mores conditam.

Habet iam circa 1 000 000 000 credentes, quorum maior pars Indiam habitat; est enim religio tertia orbis, a religione Christiana et religione Islamica. Scripta sacra Hinduismi sunt Vedae.

Fides[recensere | fontem recensere]

Karma[recensere | fontem recensere]

Karma 'res gestae' est notio Induica voluntatis liberae et causae effectusque. Explanatio simplex karmae est "Id quod facies, ad te redit."

Samsara[recensere | fontem recensere]

Hinduisti in metempsychosim (Samsara) ad Karmam credunt. Id est, corpore mortuo, anima immortalis in novem corpora, cuius forma ad res gestas in inter vitam proxima est, nascetur. Creditur animam renasci dum res mundanas cupiuntur. Cum tamen veritatem animae videtur, cupido nasci tollitur, et salus (moksha) capitur.

Ishvara et Brahmam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Ishvara est Induica dei notio, qui est supra tempus, spatium, sexum comprehensionemque humanam. Nonnullae autem sunt notiones dei vel Ishvara, in religione Induica. Alii credunt Ishvaram esse imaginem humanam trinitatis Brahmam, alii athei sunt.

Dei[recensere | fontem recensere]

Brahman est ens supremus. Habet incarnationes multis. Dei maximus est trinitas divina, divisa in partes tres: Brahma rerum creator, Vishnu conservator, et Shiva perditor. Altres dei magni est Krishna et Rama, qui partes dei Vishnu est.

Ceterae religiones[recensere | fontem recensere]

Religio Induica credit omnes religiones unum deum venerari, et multas vias ad deum esse. Hinduismus igitur credit alias religiones quarum mores sunt similes legitimas esse, et, aliter ac religio Christiana religioque Islamica, eos qui in Hinduismum non credunt ad suam sententiam traducere non conatur.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Padmanabhaswamy Temple - Assets". Padmanabhaswamy Temple .
  2. Ebbe Vilborg. Norstedts svensk-latinska ordbok. Editio secunda anni 2009. Lexicon dicit "hinduismus" moderne creatus est, et nominis littera prima cum littera minuscula scribitur.
  3. Hinduismus varie definitur ut "religio," "copia opinionum religiosarum et usuum," "memoria religiosa," etc. Pro commentario de hac rem vide: "Establishing the boundaries" in Gavin Flood (2003), pp. 1–17. René Guénon in Introduction to the Study of the Hindu Doctrines (1921, Sophia Perennis, ISBN 0-900588-74-8), Anglice proposuit definitionem termini religionis et eius coniunctio cum doctrinis Hinduisticis (parte II, capitulo 4, p. 58).
  4. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, ed. John Bowker (Oxford University Press, 2000).
  5. Terminus Dharma connotat multo plus quam 'legem'. Ea est non solum doctrina iurum morumque religiosorum, sed etiam copia pietatum religiosarum, ordinis socialis, morum rectorum, et rerum actorumque virtute praeditorum, ut revera dharma sit leges ethicae (Dharma. Hodiernus termini usus in reformatoriis motibus Hinduisticis? saeculi undevicensimi exeuntis orsus est (J. Zavos, "Defending Hindu Tradition: Sanatana Dharma as a Symbol of Orthodoxy in Colonial India," Religion (Academic Press), vol. 31, no. 2, Aprile 2001, pp. 109–123; vide etiam R. D. Baird, "Swami Bhaktivedanta and the Encounter with Religions," Modern Indian Responses to Religious Pluralism, ed. Harold Coward (State University of New York Press, 1987); etiam conversus ut 'via eterna' (ita Harvey, Andrew (2001), Teachings of the Hindu Mystics, Boulder: Shambhala, xiii, ISBN 1-57062-449-6  ). Vide etiam René Guénon, Introduction to the Study of the Hindu Doctrines (Sophia Perennis, 1921, ISBN 0-900588-74-8), parte 3, capitulo 5, "The Law of Manu," p. 146. De significatione verbi dharmae, vide etiam René Guénon, Studies in Hinduism, (Sophia Perennis, ISBN 0-900588-69-1), capitulo 5, p. 45.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Banerji, S. C. (1992), Tantra in Bengal (Second Revised and Enlarged ed.), Dellii: Manohar, ISBN 81-85425-63-9
       
       
       
  • Bhaskarananda, Swami (1994), The Essentials of Hinduism: a comprehensive overview of the world's oldest religion, Seattle, WA: Viveka Press, ISBN 1-884852-02-5
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  • Bhattacharyya, N. N. (1999), History of the Tantric Religion (2a retractata ed.), Dellii: Manohar Publications, ISBN 81-7304-025-7
       
  • Chidbhavananda, Swami (1997), The Bhagavad Gita, Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam 
  • Eliot, Sir Charles (2003), Hinduism and Buddhism: An Historical Sketch, I (Reprint ed.), Munshiram Manoharlal, ISBN 8121510937
       
  • Fuller, C. J. (2004), The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India, Princetoniae: Princeton University Press, ISBN 9780691120485
       
  • Growse, Frederic Salmon (1996), Mathura - A District Memoir (Reprint ed.), Asian Educational Services 
  • Garces-Foley, Katherine (2005), Death and religion in a changing world, M. E. Sharpe 
  • Guénon, René (1921), Introduction to the Study of the Hindu Doctrines (1921 ed.), Sophia Perennis, ISBN 0-900588-74-8
       
       
       
       
  • Kuruvachira, Jose (2006), Hindu nationalists of modern India, Rawat Publications, ISBN 8170339952
       
       
  • Morgan, Kenneth W.; Sarma, D. S. (1953), The Religion of the Hindus, Ronald Press 
  • Nikhilananda, Swami (1990), The Upanishads: Katha, Isa, Kena, and Mundaka, I (5th ed.), Novi Eboraci: Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center, ISBN 0-911206-15-9
       
       
  • Oberlies, T. (1999), Die Religion des Rgveda, Vindobonae: Institut für Indologie der Universität Wien, ISBN 3900271321
       
  • Osborne, E. (2005), Accessing R.E. Founders & Leaders, Buddhism, Hinduism and Sikhism Teacher's Book Mainstream, Folens Limited 
  • Radhakrishnan, S.; Moore, C. A. (1967), A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01958-4
       
       
       
  • Richman, Paula (1988), Women, branch stories, and religious rhetoric in a Tamil Buddhist text, Buffalo, Novi Eboraci: Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, ISBN 0915984903
       
  • Sargeant, Winthrop; Chapple, Christopher (1984), The Bhagavad Gita, Novi Eboraci: State University of New York Press, ISBN 0-87395-831-4
       
  • Sen Gupta, Anima (1986), The Evolution of the Sa?khya School of Thought, South Asia Books, ISBN 8121500192
       
  • Silverberg, James (1969), "Social Mobility in the Caste System in India: An Interdisciplinary Symposium", The American Journal of Sociology 75 (3): 442–443 
  • Smelser, N.; Lipset, S., eds. (2005), Social Structure and Mobility in Economic Development, Aldine Transaction, ISBN 0202307999
       
  • Smith, Huston (1991), The World's Religions: Our Great Wisdom Traditions, Franciscopole: HarperSanFrancisco, ISBN 0062507990
       
       
  • Walker, Benjamin (1968), The Hindu world: an encyclopedic survey of Hinduism, Praeger 

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
  • Morgan, Kenneth W., ed. (1987), The Religion of the Hindus (Nova ed.), Dellii: Motilal Banarsidas, ISBN 8120803876
       
  • Renou, Louis (1964), The Nature of Hinduism, Walker 
  • Rinehart, R., d. (2004), Contemporary Hinduism: Ritual, Culture, and Practice, ABC-Clio, ISBN 1-57607-905-8
       
  • Weightman, Simon (1998), "Hinduism", in Hinnells, John (Ed.), The new Penguin handbook of living religions, Penguin Books, ISBN 0-140-51480-5
       
  • Werner, Karel (1994), "Hinduism", in Hinnells, John, ed., A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism, Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press, ISBN 0-7007-0279-2
       


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