Abraham

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Abrahamo Isaacus sacrificaturus. Opus Laurentii de LaHire, 1650.

Ābrăham (indecl. seu -ae, m.) vel Ābrăhamus (-i, m.) (Hebraice אברהם, Hebraica Hodierna Avraham, Tiberiana ʼAḇrāhām, Ascenazica Avrohom et Avruhom ; Arabice ابراهيم Ibrāhīm ; Ge'ez አብርሃም ʼAbrəham ; Graece Aβραάμ 'pater multitudinis') cuius nomen natum fuit Abramus est opinabilis religionum Abrahamicarum patriarcha et eponymus, inter quas Iudaismus, Christianitas et Islam. Ipse, apud Biblia Hebraica[1] et Alcoranum, per eius filios Ismaele et Isaaco, proavus multarum tribuum factus est, inter quas Ismaelitarum, Israelitarum, Midianitarum, et Edomitarum.[1] Abrahamus vicissim fuit prognatus Sem filii Noe.[2][3] Christiani Iesum prognatum Abrahae per Isaaco, Musulmani Mahometum prognatum Abrahae per Ismaele fuisse credunt.[4]

Narratio in Libro Genesis vitam Abrahae vel Abrahami antea cogniti nomine Abrami narrans, eius partes repraesentat ut partes quae solum per pactionem monotheisticam inter eum et Singulum Deum peragere poterat.[5] Alcoranum fabulas de Abrahamo et eius progeniebus habet quae fabularum Bibliorum similes sunt.[6] Abrahamus in Islam propheta, patriarcha, et nuntius agnoscitur, exemplar Musulmani absoluti et perfecti, et corrector[7][8] Kaabae.[9]

Interpretes hodierni communiter habent fabulam Abrahae in Genesi non per memorias orales traditam, sed in circulis litterariis saeculorum sexti et quinti a.C.n. excogitatam,[10] cum Israelitis in exilio pro certo adfirmaret quod, contra eversionem Hierosolymatis, Templi, regnique Davidici, ratio quae Yahweh eorum maioribus habuerat historica suppeditaret fundamenta, super quae spem rerum futurarum aedificare possent.[11] Societas Abrahae cum Mamre et Hebrone, in meridie, in terra Hierosolymatis et Iudaeae, subicit hanc regionem fuisse primam eius cultus sedem,[12] nonnullas autem memoriae orales priorem historiam fortasse continere.[10]

Narratio in Genesi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Vita Abrahae Liber Genesis (11:26-25:10) Bibliorum Hebraicorum enarratur.

Abitus Abrahae. Tabula ab Iosepho Molnár picta.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Liber Genesis 11-25
  2. Liber Genesis 11:10-32, 14:13
  3. M. Wilson, Our Father Abraham: Jewish roots of the Christian Faith (ISBN 0802804233, ISBN 9780802804235), 1989, pp. 3, 4, accessum 22 Octobris 2011:
    "[page 3] God's sovereign plan in history was to establish his covenant through a man called Abraham (or Abram, as he was originally known). Abraham was a Semite, a descendant of Noah's son Shem (Gen. 11:10-32). The patriarch Abraham was the first person in the Bible to be called a 'He- [page 4] brew' (Gen. 14:13)."
  4. "About Islam, in BibleInfo.com" .
  5. Ferguson, Duncan S. (2010). Exploring the Spirituality of the World Religions: The Quest for Personal, Spiritual and Social Transformation. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 137. ISBN 1441146458 
  6. Dibble, J. Birney (2006). The Same God?: Comparing the Bible with the Koran. Vantage Press, Inc. p. 111. ISBN 053315281X 
  7. al-Bukhari, Muhammad. Sahih al-Bukhari. pp. Volume 4, Book 55, Number 583 
  8. Alcoranus 2:125–127
  9. Mecca, Martin Lings, c. 2004
  10. 10.0 10.1 Joseph Blenkinsopp,Judaism, the first phase," p. 39.
  11. Albertz, R, "Israel in exile: the history and literature of the sixth century B.C.E." (Society of Biblical Literature, 2003) p. 246.
  12. "Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible", K. van der Toorn, Bob Becking, et Pieter Willem van der Horst (eds.) (William B. Eerdmans Publishing), pp. 3-4.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Alexander, David, et Pat Alexander, eds. 1973 Eerdmans' Handbook to the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michiganiae: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802834361.
  • Boadt, Lawrence. 1984. Reading the Old Testament: An Introduction. Novi Eboraci: Paulist Press. ISBN 0809126311. URL.
  • Ginzberg, Louis, ed. 2003. Legends of the Jews, vol. 1, liber conversus Harriet Szold. Philadelphiae: Jewish Publication Society. ISBN 0-8276-0709-1. URL.
  • Gunkel, Hermann. 1901, 1997. Genesis. Ed. et conv. Mark E. Biddle. Macon Georgiae: Mercer University Press. ISBN 0865545170. URL.
  • Harrison, R. K. 1969. An Introduction to the Old Testament. Grand Rapids Michiganiae: Eerdmans. ISBN 0877848815.
  • Kidner, Derek. 1967. Genesis. Downer's Grove, Illinoesia: Inter-Varsity Press.
  • Kitchen, K. A. 1966. Ancient Orient and Old Testament. Sicagi: Inter-Varsity Press.
  • Levenson, Jon D. 2004. The Conversion of Abraham to Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In The Idea of Biblical Interpretation: Essays in Honor of James L. Kugel. Editores Hindy Najman et Judith Newman. Lugduni Batavorum: Koningklijke Brill. ISBN 9004136304. URL.
  • Rosenberg, David M. 2006. Abraham: The First Historical Biography. Novi Eboraci: Basic Books. ISBN 0465070949.
  • Schultz, Samuel J. 1990. The Old Testament Speaks. Ed. 4a. Franciscopole: Harper. ISBN 0062507672.
  • Silberman, Neil Asher, et Israel Finkelstein. 2001. 'The Bible unearthed: archaeology's new vision of ancient Israel and the origin of its sacred texts. Novi Eboraci: Free Press. ISBN 0684869128.
  • Thompson, J. A. 1986. Handbook to Life in Bible Times. Downer's Grove Illinoesiae: Inter-Varsity Press. ISBN 0-8778-4949-8.
  • Thompson, Thomas. 2002. The Historicity of the Patriarchal Narratives: The Quest for the Historical Abraham. Valley Forge Pennsylvaniae: Trinity Press International. ISBN 1-56338-389-6.URL.
  • Van Seters, John. 1975. Abraham in History and Tradition. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300017928. URL.
  • Vermes, Geza. 1973. Scripture and Tradition in Judaism. Haggadic Studies. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill. ISBN 9004070966.
  • Whybray, Roger Norman. 1987. The Making of the Pentateuch: A Methodological Study. Sheffield: JSOT Press. ISBN 1850750637. URL.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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