Quantum redactiones paginae "Neuropathia peripherica" differant

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Summarium vacuum
m (Wimpus movit paginam Neuropathia peripheralis ad Neuropathia peripherica: Peripheralis is an anglicism)
[[Fasciculus:Vasculitic neuropathy - plastics - intermed mag.jpg|thumb|[[Micrographum]] neuropathiam peripheralem [[vasculitis|vasculiticam]] monstrat. In [[plasticum|plastico]], [[tinctura caerulea toluidini]].]]
 
'''Neuropathia peripheralisperipherics''' (a [[Graece|Graeco]] ''neuro-'' + ''pathia'') est damnum vel [[morbus]] [[nervus|nervos]] adficiens, qui [[sensus]] motum, functionem [[glandula]]e vel [[organum (biologia)|organi]], vel alios salutis aspectus imminuere potest, secundum genus [[nervus|nervorum]] adfectum. Causae usitate sunt morbi systemicisystematici (sicut [[diabetes mellitus]] et [[lepra]]), defectus [[vitaminum|vitaminorum]], [[medicamentum|medicamenta]] (e.g., [[chemiotherapia]]), noxa [[trauma]]tica, nimia [[alcohol]]is consumptio, [[morbus]] [[systema immunitatis|systematis immunitatis]], vel [[infectio]], aut hereditate excipi potest ([[ortus|ortu]]<!--birth--> praesens).<ref name=BMJ>Richard A. C. Hughes, [http://www.bmj.com/content/324/7335/466 "Clinical Review: Peripheral Neuropathy,"] ''British Medical Journal,'' 23 Februarii 2002, 324:466, doi:10.1136/bmj.324.7335.466</ref><ref name=JAMA>Janet M. Torpy, Jennifer L. Kincaid, et Richard M. Glass, [http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=185714 "Patient Page: Peripheral Neuropathy,"] ''Journal of the American Medical Association,'' 21 Aprilis 2010, 303(15). doi:10.1001/jama.303.15.1556 .</ref><ref name= NIH>[http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/peripheralneuropathy/detail_peripheralneuropathy.htm ''Peripheral Neuropathy Fact Sheet'' (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 19 Septembris 2012).</ref> [[Vocabulum]] ''neuropathia'' sine mutatore<!--?modifier--> neuropathiam perpheralem plerumque usu medico usitato significat.
 
Neuropathia quae solum unum [[nervus|nervum]] adficit mononeuropathia appellatur, et neuropathia quae multos nervos comprehendit in iisdem fere [[regio]]nibus in ambobus [[corpus|corporis]] lateribus polyneuropathia symmetrica vel simpliciter [[polyneuropathia]] appellatur. Cum duo vel plures (usitate pauci, sed aliquando multi) nervi separati in variis corporis regionibus afficerentur, morbus [[mononeuritis multiplex]], neuropathia multifocalis, vel mononeuropathymononeuropathia multiplex appellatur.<ref name=BMJ/><ref name=JAMA/><ref name= NIH/>
 
Neuropathia peripheralisperipherica chronicachronia<!-- (a long term condition where symptoms begin subtly and progress slowly) --> aut acuta<!-- (sudden onset, rapid progress and slow resolution)--> esse potest. Neuropathiae acutae [[diagnosis|diagnosim]] urgentem postulant. [[Neuron motoricum|Nervi motoricimotorii]] (qui [[musculus|musculis]] moderantur), [[systema sensorium|nervi sensorii]], vel [[systema nervosum autonomicum|nervi autonomici]] (qui rationibus automatariis moderantur, sicut proportio [[cor]]dis, [[temperatura]] corporis, et [[respiratio]]), adfici possunt. Plus quam unum nervorum genus eodem tempore adfici potest. Neuropathiae peripheralesperiphericae per genus nervorum praecipue adfectorum digeri possunt, vel per causam primam. Neuropathia ex causa ignota oriens [[neuropathia idiopathica|idiopathica]] appellatur.<ref name=BMJ/><ref name=JAMA/><ref name= NIH/>
 
Neuropathia [[spasmus|spasmos]] dolorosos, [[fasciculatio]]nes (velicationes musculorum tenuium), damnum musculorum, degenerationem [[os (ossis)|ossium]], ac mutationes [[cutis]], [[pilus|capillorum]], et [[unguis|unguium]] efficere potest. Praeterea, '''neuropathia motoricamotoria''' aequilibrium et coniunctionem copulativam, vel saepissime debilitatem musculorum, imminuere potest; '''neuropathia sensoria''' efficere potest torporem [[tactus]] et vibratus, [[proprioceptio]]nem imminutam (coordinationen et aequilibrium exilem efficientem), imminutam mutationis [[temperatura]]e et doloris sensibilitatem, formicationem<!--?tingling--> automatam vel dolorem ardentem, vel [[allodynia]]m cutis<!--(severe pain from normally nonpainful stimuli, such as light touch)-->; et ac '''[[dysautonomia|neuropathia autonomica]]''' varia indicia efficere potest de [[glandula|glandulis]] et [[viscus|organis]] affectis dependens, sed indicia communia sunt exilis [[vesica]]e ordinatio, enormis [[sanguinis pressio]] vel [[pulsus]] proportio, et imminuta [[sudor|sudandi]] soliti facultas.<ref name=BMJ/><ref name=JAMA/><ref name= NIH/>
 
==Classificatio==
Neuropathia peripheralisperipherica classificari potest per numerum et distributionem nervorum affectorum (mononeuropathia, mononeuritis multiplex, vel polyneuropathia), praevalens [[cellula|rum nervorum genus affectum (motoricummotorium, sensorium, autonomicum), vel ratio quae nervos adficit; e.g., [[inflammatio]] ([[neuritis]]), compressio ([[syndroma nervorum compressorum|neuropathia compressionis]]), [[chemotherapia]] ([[neuropathia peripheralisperipherica a chemotherapis inducta]]). <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
===Neuritis===
'''Neuritis''' est generale inflammationis [[nervus|nervorum]] nomen<ref>{{DorlandsDict|six/000071661|neuritis}}.</ref> vel generalis [[systema nervosum peripheraleperiphericum|systematis nervosi perpheralisperpherici]] [[inflammatio]]. Signa de nervis implicatis dependent, sed comprehendere possunt [[dolor]]em, [[paraesthesia]]m<!--(pins & needles)-->, [[paresis|paresim]]<!--(weakness)-->, [[hypoesthesiahyphaesthesia]]m<!--(numbness)-->, [[anaesthesia]]m, [[paralysis|paralysim]], tabem, et exitum<!--disappearance--> [[reflexus|reflexuum]]{{dubsig}}. Inter causas sunt:
*[[Iniuria corporea]]<!--
:One common cause of neuritis and subsequent inflammation of the nerves to the toes is the wearing of [[high-heeled shoes]] or ill-fitting shoes that bind the toes painfully. This can cause temporary numbness and pain in the affected toes for several days.-->
**Morbi metabolici
**[[Diabetes mellitus]]
**[[Morbus celiacuscoeliacus]]{{dubsig}}<ref>Chin, R. L., et N. Latov, "Peripheral Neuropathy and Celiac Disease," ''Current Treatment Options in Neurology,'' Ianuario 2005, 7(1):43–48. PMID 15610706. doi:10.1007/s11940-005-0005-3.</ref>
**[[Herpes zoster]]
**[[HypothyroidismusHypothyreoidismus]]
**[[Porphyria]]
**Infectiones, [[bacterium|bacteriales]] et/aut [[virus|virale]]
Inter genera neuritis sunt:
*Neuritis [[arsenicum|arsenici]]
*Neuritis [[brachialisbracchialis]]
*[[Nervi craniales|Neuritis cranii]], ut [[paralysis Belliana]] se saepe praebens
*[[Neuritis optica]]
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Neuropathia peripheralis}}
[[Categoria:Morbi]]<!--pro tem--><!-- [[Categoria:Morbi systematis nervosi peripheralisperipherici]]-->
 
[[en:Peripheral neuropathy]]
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