Phthisis

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Imago pulmonum hominis phthisi continua laborantis

Phthisis[1] (ex verbo Graeco φθίσις) aut tuberculosis[1] est frequens et saepe mortifer morbus infectiosus, a variis speciebus mycobacteriorum, plerumque in hominibus a Mycobacterio tuberculosis effectus.[2]

Robertus Koch bacillum tuberculosis invenit

Tuberculosis usitate pulmonem appetit, sed etiam alias corporis partes tangere potest. Communicatur per aerem cum homines quibus est activa tuberculosis infectio tussiunt, sternuunt, vel alioquin salivam per aerem transmittunt.[3] Plurimae infectiones sunt asymptomaticae et latentes, sed una fere in decem infectionibus latentibus se postremum ad morbum activum commutat, qui, nisi curatur, plus quam 50 centesimas hominum sic adfectorum interficit.

Iam anno 460 a.C.n., Hippocrates de phthisi scribebat. Hodie novimus causam huius morbi esse bacterium a Roberto Koch medico Germanico anno 1882 inventum.

In aliis animalibus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Mycobacteria multa animalia varia inficiunt, inter quae aves,[4] rodentia,[5] et reptilia.[6] Subspecies autem Mycobacterium tuberculosis raro in feris videtur.[7] Conatus ad exstirpandam tuberculosim bovinam, a Mycobacterium bovis effectam, ex bobus et gregibus cervorum in Nova Zelandia felix fuit.[8] Similes autem conatus in Magna Britannia minus prosperi fuerunt.[9][10]

In arte[recensere | fontem recensere]

Anno 2007, praevalentia phthisis per 100 000 hominum fuit altissima in Africa sub-Saharana, et fuit aliquantulum alta in Asia.[11]
Annuus casuum nuper nuntiatorum numerus. Data ex Consociatione Mundiali Sanitatis (tabula Anglice signata).[12]
Mumia Aegyptia in Museo Britannico conservata. Tabes tubercularis in spinis mumiarum Aegyptiarum inventa est.

Inter scriptores, artifices, et musicos phthisi mortuos, paene omnes iuvenes, sunt Ioannes Boine (1887–1917), Aemilia Brontë (1818–1848), Fridericus Chopin (1810–1849), Antonius Pauli filius Čechov (1860–1904), Georgius Orwell (1903–1950), Sergius Corazzini (1886–1907), Iosephus Giusti (1809–1850), Guido Gozzano (1883–1916), Ioannes Baptista Grazioli (1746–1820), Ioannes Petrus Jacobsen (1847–1885), Ioannes Keats (1795–1821), et Ioannes Baptista Pergolesi (1710–1736). Inter personas in poesi, mythistoria, et opera phthisi moribundas sunt Silvia Iacobi Leopardi, La Dame aux camélias Alexandri Dumas, Violetta in Traviata Iosephi Verdi, Mimi in La Bohème Iacobi Puccini, et Ilju in Fratres Karamazov Theodori Dostoevskij.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Everdingen, J.J.E. van, Eerenbeemt, A.M.M. van den (2012). Pinkhof Geneeskundig woordenboek (12de druk). Houten: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.
  2. Kumar V., Abbas A. K., Fausto N., Mitchell R. N. (2007). Robbins Basic Pathology (8a ed.). Saunders Elsevier. pp. 516–522. ISBN 978-1-4160-2973-1  .
  3. Konstantinos A. (2010). "Testing for tuberculosis". Australian Prescriber 33 (1): 12–18 .
  4. Shivaprasad, H. L.; Palmieri, C (Ianuario 2012). "Pathology of mycobacteriosis in birds.". The veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice 15 (1): 41–55, v-vi .
  5. Reavill, D. R.; Schmidt, R. E. (Ianuario 2012). "Mycobacterial lesions in fish, amphibians, reptiles, rodents, lagomorphs, and ferrets with reference to animal models.". The veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice 15 (1): 25–40, v .
  6. Mitchell, M. A. (Ianuario 2012). "Mycobacterial infections in reptiles.". The veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice 15 (1): 101–11, vii .
  7. Wobeser, Gary A. (2006). Essentials of disease in wild animals (1st ed. ed.). Ames, Iova (etc.): Blackwell Publ.. pp. 170. ISBN 978-0-8138-0589-4  
  8. Ryan, T. J.; Livingstone, P. G., Ramsey, D. S., de Lisle, G. W., Nugent, G., Collins, D. M., Buddle, B. M. (25 Februarii 2006). "Advances in understanding disease epidemiology and implications for control and eradication of tuberculosis in livestock: the experience from New Zealand.". Veterinary microbiology 112 (2-4): 211–9 .
  9. White, P. C.; Böhm, M., Marion, G., Hutchings, M. R. (Septembre 2008). "Control of bovine tuberculosis in British livestock: there is no 'silver bullet'.". Trends in microbiology 16 (9): 420–7 .
  10. Ward, A. I.; Judge, J., Delahay, R. J. (1 Ianuarii 2010). "Farm husbandry and badger behaviour: opportunities to manage badger to cattle transmission of Mycobacterium bovis?". Preventive veterinary medicine 93 (1): 2–10 .
  11. World Health Organization (2009). "The Stop TB Strategy, case reports, treatment outcomes and estimates of TB burden". Global tuberculosis control: epidemiology, strategy, financing. pp. 187–300. ISBN 978-92-4-156380-2  .
  12. World Health Organization. "WHO report 2008: Global tuberculosis control" .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Dormandy, Thomas. 2000. The White Death. Novi Eboraci: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-1927-9.
  • Holbrook, M. L. 1900. Die Verhütung, hygienische Behandlung und Heilung der Lungenschwindsucht. Monaci: Concord. Digitalisat.
  • Kaufmann, S. H. 2011. Fact and fiction in tuberculosis vaccine research: 10 years later. The Lancet infectious diseases 11(8):633–640, DOI 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70146-3. PMID 21798463.
  • Kidder, Tracy. 2004. Mountains beyond Mountains. Novi Eboraci: Random House Trade Paperbacks. ISBN 0-8129-7301-1.
  • Lawlor, Clark. 2007. Consumption and Literature. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-02003-8.
  • Luong, K., et L. T. Nguyen. 2011. Impact of vitamin D in the treatment of tuberculosis. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 341(6):493–498. doi 10.1097. MAJ.0b013e3182070f47. PMID 21289501.
  • Möller, M., et E. G. Hoal. 2010. Current findings, challenges and novel approaches in human genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland) 90(2):71–83. ISSN|1873-281X. DOI 10.1016/j.tube.2010.02.002. PMID 20206579.
  • Nemery, B., W. W. Yew, R. Albert, et al. 2005. Tuberculosis, nontuberculous lung infection, pleural disorders, pulmonary function, respiratory muscles, occupational lung disease, pulmonary infections, and social issues in AJRCCM in 2004. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine 171(6):554–62. DOI:10.1164/rccm.2412009. PMID 15753485.
  • Palomino, Juan Carlos, Sylvia Leão, Viviana Ritacco, et al. 2007. Tuberculosis 2007: From basic science to patient care. PDF, 8,3MB, 687 S. (TuberculosisTextbook.com)
  • Roloff, Wilhelm. 1948. Die Lungentuberkulose. Berolini/ Göttingen/ Heidelberg: Springer 1948.
  • Roloff, Wilhelm. 1949. Das Tuberkulose-Lexikon. Ed. 2a. Stuttgartiae: Thieme.
  • Ryan, Frank. 1993. The Forgotten Plague: How the Battle Against Tuberculosis Was Won—and Lost. Bostoniae: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-76380-2.
  • Walton, D., et P. Farmer. 2000. MSJAMA: the new white plague. JAMA 284(21):2789. DOI:10.1001/jama.284.21.2789. PMID 11105192.
  • Wolters, Christine. 2011. Tuberkulose und Menschenversuche im Nationalsozialismus: Das Netzwerk hinter den Tbc-Experimenten im Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen. Stuttgartiae: Steiner. ISBN 978-3-515-09399-6.
  • Zorini Attilio, Omodei, et B. Mariani. 1971. Terapia e profilassi della tubercolosi. Capitulum 2 in Vaccinazione antitubercolare, edd. M. Lucchini et G. Spina. Augustae Taurinorum: Minerva Medica.


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