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Tarsius

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Tarsius sp. 1.jpg

Classis : Mammalia 
Ordo : Primates 
Subordo : Haplorrhini 
Familia : Tarsiidae 
Genus : Tarsius 
Storr, 1780

Tarsius est genus parvorum primatum familiae Tarsiidarum, quae in insulis Asiae Meridio-Orientalis endemici sunt. Ante annum 2010, omnes tarsiidarum species in hoc genus digerebantur, sed emendatio familiae genericum Cephalopachi statum restituit, et Carlitonem, novum genus, erexit ad binas species accommodandas.[1] Omnes Tarsii in Celebi et insulis propinquis in Indonesia et Philippinis inveniuntur.

Descriptio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Tarsii magnitudine inter minimos primates sunt, a 10 ad 11 centimetra longi, cauda autem corpori a 20 ad 26 centimetra longiore. Tarsii a 100 ad 130 chiliogrammata ponderis sunt, maribus feminis aliquantulum gravioribus. Pellis est brevis et canus vel flavocanus. Crura posteriora cruribus anterioribus longiora sunt, talo (osse) magnopere elongato. Caput est rotundum, super collum breve. Oculi sunt permagni, ut haec animalia nocte bene videre possint.

Species[recensere | fontem recensere]

Emendatio familiae anno 2010, a Colin Groves et Myron Shekelle edita, octo vel novem exstantis Tarsii species sequentis agnovit, cum autem statum Tarsii pumili dubitaret.

Duae species a Shekelle Groves aliisque anno 2017 descriptae sunt.[2]

Anno 2019 alia species a Shekelle aliisque descripta est.[3][4]

Anno 2018, Fossilworks, porta repositorium datorum palaeobiologicorum, duas species exstinctas agnoscebat:[5]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Groves, C.; Shekelle, M. (2010). "The Genera and Species of Tarsiidae". International Journal of Primatology 31 (6): 1071–1082 .
  2. Shekelle, Myron; Groves, Colin P.; Maryanto, Ibnu; Mittermeier, Russell A. (2017). "Two New Tarsier Species (Tarsiidae, Primates) and the Biogeography of Sulawesi, Indonesia". Primate Conservation 31: 61–69 .
  3. Myron Shekelle, Colin P. Groves, Ibnu Maryanto, Russell A. Mittermeier, Agus Salim, et Mark S. Springer, A New Tarsier Species from the Togean Islands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, with References to Wallacea and Conservation on Sulawesi. Primate Conservation 33 (2019): 1–9. PDF.
  4. Natali Anderson (2019), "New Species of Tarsier Discovered: An international team of scientists has discovered a new species of tarsier living on the Togean Islands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia," Sci News, 4 Novembris 2019.
  5. Formula:Fossilworks.
  6. Beard, K. Christopher; Qi, Tao; Dawson, Mary R.; Wang, Banyue; Li, Chuankuei (1994). "A diverse new primate fauna from middle Eocene fissure-fillings in southeastern China". Nature 368 (6472): 607 .
  7. Chaimanee, Y.; Lebrun, R.; Yamee, C.; Jaeger, J.-J. (2010). "A new Middle Miocene tarsier from Thailand and the reconstruction of its orbital morphology using a geometric-morphometric method". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278 (1714): 1956–63 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Geissmann, Thomas. 2002. Vergleichende Primatologie. Berolini: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-43645-6.
  • Groves, Colin, et Myron Shekelle. 2010. "The Genera and Species of Tarsiidae." International Journal of Primatology 31, no. 6 (December): 1071–82. doi:10.1007/s10764-010-9443-1.
  • Gursky, Sharon. 2007. The spectral tarsier. Upper Saddle River Novae Caesareae: Pearson/Prentice Hall. ISBN 0131893327, ISBN 9780131893320.
  • Nowak, Ronald M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. Ed. sexta. Baltimorae: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9.
  • Rosa, M. G., J. D. Pettigrew, et H. M. Cooper. 1996. "Unusual pattern of retinogeniculate projections in the controversial primate Tarsius." Brain Behav. Evol. 48 (3): 121–29.
  • Wilson, Don E., et DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic Reference. Baltimorae: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Tarsium spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Tarsium" apud Vicispecies.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • Fossilworks