Endopterygota

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Panorpa communis V.jpg

Classis : Insecta 
Infraclassis : Neoptera 
Superordo : Endopterygota 
Sharp, 1898
   
Palaeontologia
Pennsylvaniano–Recens
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Subdivisiones: Ordines
Vide commentarium.

Endopterygota (Graece endon 'intra' + pterón 'ala' + Latina nova -ota 'habens'), etiam Holometabola appellata, sunt superordo insectorum intra infraclassim Neopterorum quae distinctas stationes larvales, pupales, adultasque subeunt. Totam metamorphosin patiuntur, et stationes larvales adultaeque structura et moribus inter se magnopere differunt, quod holometabolismus appellatur, totam corporis commutationem (metamorphismum) complectens.

Evolutio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Endopterygota, superordo insectorum maxime varius, plus quam 1 millionem specierum viventium inter undecim ordines digestarum comprehendit, quae insigniter sunt lepidoptera, diptera, siphonaptera, anthophila, formicae, coleoptera, atque alia insecta.[1] Prima endopterygotorum fossilia ex carbonifero manent.[2]

Endopterygota in tris greges aliquando digeruntur, qui sunt Neuropterida (Neuroptera, Megaloptera, Raphidioptera, Strepsiptera, Coleoptera), Hymenopteroida (Hymenoptera), et Panorpida (Siphonaptera, Diptera, Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, Mecoptera).

Analysis molecularis phylogeniam endopterygotorum explicavit, ut in cladogrammate infra monstratur.[3][4]

Endopterygota

Neuropterida

Raphidioptera Raphidia icon.png




Megaloptera Corydalus cornutus illustration (rotated).png



Neuroptera Osmylus (white background).jpg




Coleopterida

Coleoptera Pseudacrossus przewalskyi (Reitter, 1887).jpg



Strepsiptera Elenchus koebelei.jpg






Hymenoptera European wasp white bg.jpg


Panorpida
Amphiesmenoptera

Trichoptera RHYACOPHILA DORSALIS Male Pont Forge de Sailly Watigny 02 MHNT.jpg



Lepidoptera Arctia villica SLU.JPG



Antliophora

Diptera Common house fly, Musca domestica.jpg




Mecoptera Scorpionfly (white background).jpg




Boreidae Boreus hiemalis2 detail.jpg



Siphonaptera Pulex irritans female ZSM (white background).jpg








Descriptio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Endopterygota ab Exopterygotis distinguuntur per modum quo alae crescunt. Endopterygota alas intra corpus gignunt et magnam metamorphosin per stationem pupalem subeunt; exopterygota autem alas extra corpus gignunt, et stationem pupalem non subeunt, quae proprietas plesiomorphica appellatur. Etiam in odonatis (anisopteris et zygopteris) aliisque gregibus invenitur, qui non Neoptera, sed basalior inter insecta sunt.

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Rolf G. Beutel; Hans Pohl (2006). "Endopterygote systematics – where do we stand and what is the goal (Hexapoda, Arthropoda)?". Systematic Entomology 31 (2): 202–19 .
  2. A. Nel; P. Roques; P. Nel; J. Prokop; J. S. Steyer (2007). "The earliest holometabolous insect from the Carboniferous: a "crucial" innovation with delayed success (Insecta Protomeropina Protomeropidae)". Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 43 (3): 349–55 .
  3. Yue, Bi-Song; Song, Nan; Lin, Aili; Zhao, Xincheng (2018). "Insight into higher-level phylogeny of Neuropterida: Evidence from secondary structures of mitochondrial rRNA genes and mitogenomic data". PLOS ONE 13 (1): e0191826 .
  4. Yan, Y.; Wang Y, Liu, X.; Winterton, S. L.; Yang, D. (2014). "The First Mitochondrial Genomes of Antlion (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) and Split-footed Lacewing (Neuroptera: Nymphidae), with Phylogenetic Implications of Myrmeleontiformia". Int J Biol Sci 10 (8): 895–908 .

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Endopterygota spectant.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Encyclopedia of Life • Fossilworks