Pinna nobilis

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Pinna nobilis
Pinna nobilis: testa et byssus
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Bivalvia
Ordo: Pterioida
Familia: Pinnidae
Genus: Pinna
Species: P. nobilis
Binomen
Pinna nobilis
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyma

Pinna gigas Chemnitz

Vivum P. nobilis specimen; conspectus deorsum in testam
Fila byssi Pinnae nobilis

Pinna nobilis, in Latinitate classica pina,[1] (Graece πῖνα) est species magnorum bivalvium marinorum familiae Pinnidarum. Ea est in Mari Mediterraneo endemica, et ante litus ad 20 m habitare mavult.

Testa, cuius forma variat, ad 91 cm longa crescere potest. Quae, sicut testae omnium Pinnidarum, fragilis est. Interiora luculenta naccara? teguntur.[2]

Animal se ad saxa bysso adligat, qui fons byssini (vel "serici marini") est, textilis quod olim ex bysso effectum est.[3]

Annis recentioribus, Pinna nobilis paene exstincta est propter nimium piscatum — quod enim molluscum edule est — et deminutionem agrorum graminis marini et pollutionem circumiectus.[4]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Cic. fin. 3.63; Plin. nat. 9.115; 32.150.
  2. Tyndale 1849: 77–79.
  3. Hill 2009: 468–476.
  4. Hill 2009: 468–476.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Testae Pinnae nobilis
  • Abbott, R. Tucker, et S. Peter Dance. 1982. Compendium of seashells: a color guide to more than 4,200 of the world’s marine shells. Novi Eboraci: E. P. Dutton Inc. ISBN 0-525-93269-0.
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West. Liber Weilüe ex saeculo tertio conversus. Vide sectionem 12 et appendicem D.
  • Hill, John E. 2009. Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. Charleston, Carolinae Meridianae: BookSurge. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1. Vide sectionem 12 et appendicem B, "Sea Silk."
  • Laufer, Berthold. 1915. "The Story of the Pinna and the Syrian Lamb." The Journal of American Folk-Lore 28(108): 103–128.
  • McKinley, Daniel L. 1988. "Pinna and Her Silken Beard: A Foray Into Historical Misappropriations." Ars Textrina: A Journal of Textiles and Costumes 29 (Iunius): 9–223.
  • Maeder, Felicitas. 2002. "The project Sea-silk: Rediscovering an Ancient Textile Material." Archaeological Textiles Newsletter 35 (autumn): 8–11.
  • Maeder, Felicitas, Ambros Hänggi, et Dominik Wunderlin, eds. 2004. Bisso marino: Fili d’oro dal fondo del mare—Muschelseide: Goldene Fäden vom Meeresgrund. Basel, Helvetiae: Naturhistoriches Museum and Museum der Kulturen.
  • Schafer, Edward H. 1967. The Vermillion Bird: T'ang Images of the South. University of California Press.
  • Turner, Ruth D., et Joseph Rosewater. 1958. "The Family Pinnidae in the Western Atlantic" Johnsonia 3 (38; 28 Iunii): 285–326.
  • Tyndale, John Warre. 1849. Island of Sardinia, including Pictures of the Manners and Customs of the Sardinians. . . . 3 vol. Londinii: Richard Bentley.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]


Bivalvia Haec stipula ad bivalve spectat. Amplifica, si potes!