Pinnidae

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Pinnidae
Testa et byssus Pinnae nobilis
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Bivalvia
Ordo: Pterioida
Familia: Pinnidae
Leach, 1819
Genera

Vide commentarium.

Photographemata byssi ex Pinna nobili

Pinnidae (Anglice pen shells) sunt familia magnorum bivalvium marinorum ordinis Pterioidorum.

Testae sunt fragiles, longae, triangulares, et animalia viva se ad sedimentum bysso adligant. Testis est tenue naccarae? corium in parte testae quae prope umbos? (finem acutum) iacet.

In familia Pinnidis insigniter sunt species Atrina fragilis et Pinna nobilis, fons serici marini. Aliquae species pro cibo ab hominibus petuntur.

Pinnidis in multis orbis terrarum partibus est magnum momentum oeconomicum. Eae margaritas aestimationis mediocris comparant. In regione Mediterranea, materies ex bysso a Pinna nobili facto in vestitu manufacto multa saecula adhibita est, inter quem manicae, amicula, tibialia, pallia. Vestus qui ex hac materie fiat suavis color aureus est, et antiqui haec res magnopere aestimabant.
Hodie, caro Pinnidarum est victus hominum in Iaponia, Polynesia, nonnullis aliis gregibus insularibus Indo-Pacificis, et in occidentali Mexici litore. Valvia Atrinae vexillum in Polynesia caelantur ut ornamenta fiant, et integra maiorum speciminum valvia aliquando pro patellis adhibentur.[1]

Genera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "The Pinnidae have considerable economic importance in many parts of the world. They produce pearls of moderate value. In the Mediterranean area, material made from the holdfast or byssus of Pinna nobilis Linné has been utilized in the manufacture of clothing for many centuries: gloves, shawls, stockings and cloaks. Apparel made from this material has an attractive golden hue and these items were greatly valued by the ancients.
    "Today, pinnidae are eaten in Japan, Polynesia, in several other Indo-Pacific island groups, and on the west coast of Mexico, In Polynesia, the valves of Atrina vexillum are carved to form decorative articles, and entire valves of larger specimens are sometimes used as plates." Rosewater 1961: 175–176.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • "Pinnidae". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  • Rosewater, Joseph. 1961. "The Family Pinnidae in the Indo-Pacific." Indo-Pacific Mollusca 1 (4; 28 Septembris 28): 175–176.
  • Turner, Ruth D., et Joseph Rosewater. 1958. "The Family Pinnidae in the Western Atlantic." Johnsonia 3 (38; 28 Iunii): 285–326.
  • Abbott, R. Tucker, et S. Peter Dance. 1982. Compendium of seashells: a color guide to more than 4,200 of the world’s marine shells. Novi Eboraci: E. P. Dutton Inc. ISBN 0-525-93269-0.


Bivalvia Haec stipula ad bivalve spectat. Amplifica, si potes!