Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum

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Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum est ramus Armatarum Civitatum Foederatarum copiarum (Anglice: United States armed forces), quae res gerendas terrenas efficiunt. Is est maximus veterrimusque copiarum Civitatum Foederatarum ramus, una ex septem vestitis Civitatum Foederatarum servitiis (Anglice: uniformed services of the United States). Hodiernus deductus est exercitus ex Exercitu Continentali, creatus die 14 Iunii 1775, ante confirmationem ipsarum Civitatum Foederatarum, ut Americanum Libertatis Bellum pugnent. Bello confecto compositoque, Congressus Confoederationis Exercitum Civitatum Foederatarum in loco dimissi Exercitus Continentalis die 14 Iunii 1784 creavit. Praesens exercitus se habet prognatus Exercitus Continentalis, et ergo eius natalitionem celebrat in festo die anniversario illarum copiarum.[1]

Propositum[recensere | fontem recensere]

Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum est terrenus copiarum militarum Civitatum Foederatarum ramus. §3062 Tituli Decimi Legum Civitatum Foederatarum propositum exercitus sic definit (Anglice):[2] Definitio et functiones exercitus

Historia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Militaris Civitatum Foederatarum Historia

Origines[recensere | fontem recensere]

Exercitus Continentalis creatus est die 14 Iunii 1775 a Congressu Continentali ut sit exercitus congregatus ut civitates pugnare possent Britanniarum Regnum, Georgio Washingtonio imperatore. Exercitus primum ductus est ab hominibus qui in Exercitu Britannico vel inter civis colonialis ad hostem propulsandum armatos meruerant, et qui multos mores militares Britannicos adduxerant. Bello proficienti, auxilium Gallicum, facultates, militarisque cogitatio novum exercitum produxerunt; auxilium quoque Borussicum, et praeceptores sicut Fridericus Gulielmus von Steuben, auctoritate valuerunt.

Saeculo undevicensimo[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bellum Civile Americanum (1861–1866) fuit carissimum Civitatibus Foederatis bellum. . . .

Saeculo vicensimo[recensere | fontem recensere]

Milites Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum Divisionis Peditatae 89 Rhenum Flumen transeunt in navibus oppugnationis anno 1945.

Per Magnum Bellum (1914–1918), Civitates Foederatae se coniunxerunt anno 1917 cum Russia, Britannia, et Francia. Copiae Civitatum Foederatarum misae sunt ut hostes adversos adgrederentur, et grave auxilium dederunt in impetu qui lineas Germanas ad extremum perforavit. Post indutias confectas, die 11 Novembris 1918, exercitus Americanus suam magnitudinem iterum deminuit.

Saeculo vicensimo uno[recensere | fontem recensere]

Post Oppugnationes diei 11 Septembris, ad Bellum contra Terrorismum pugnandum, congregatae Civitatum Foederatarum et NATO copiae—exercitus, classis, copiae aereae, classiarii, operationes egregiae—Afganistaniam anno 2001 invaserunt, ubi administrationem Talibanicam exstinxit.

Structura[recensere | fontem recensere]

Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Structura Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum
Tabula structurae Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum.[3]

Partes exercitus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Generales Civitatum Foederatarum per secundum bellum mundanum in Europa: posteriore (ab sinistra), Stearley, Vandenberg, Smith, Weyland, Nugent; anteriore, Simpson, Patton, Spaatz, Eisenhower, Bradley, Hodges, Gerow.

Anno 1941, Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum rite creatus est ad secundum bellum mundanum gerendum. Simul tum exsistebant Exercitus Ordinarius (Anglice: Regular Army), Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum, Custodia Reipublicae (National Guard), Subsidiarii Praefecti (Officer Reserve Corps, ORC), et Subsidiarii Militum Conscriptorum (Enlisted Reserve Corps, ERC). Post hoc bellum, ORC et ERC coniuncti sunt in Subsidiarios Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum. Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum iterum constitutus est ad bella Coreanum et Vietnamiense pugnanda, et conscriptione suspensa, iterum "demobilizatus" est.

Imperia Exercitus et Imperia "Army Service Component"?[recensere | fontem recensere]

Praesentia imperia sunt (siglis Anglicis)[4]:

Imperia Exercitus Praesens Imperator Locus Praetorii
United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) GEN Carolus C. Campbell Castrum McPherson Georgiae
United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) GEN Martinus Dempsey Castrum Monroe Virginiae
United States Army Materiel Command (AMC) GEN Anna E. Dunwoody Castrum Belvoir Virginiae
Imperia "Army Service Component" Praesens Imperator Locus Praesidii
United States Army Central (USARCENT) LTG Gulielmus G. Webster[5] Castrum McPherson Georgiae
United States Army North (USANORTH) LTG Thomas R. Turner II Castrum Sam Houston Texiae
United States Army South (USARSO) MG Keith M. Huber Castrum Sam Houston Texiae
United States Army Europe (USAREUR) GEN Carter F. Ham[6] Castra Campbell (Campbell Barracks) Heidelberg Germaniae
United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) LTG Beniaminus R. Mixon[7] Castrum Shafter Havaiorum
Eighth United States Army (EUSA) LTG Iosephus F. Fil, Jr. Praesidium Yongsan (Yongsan Garrison) Seuli Coreae
United States Army Special Operations Command (SOCOM) LTG Ioannes F. Mulholland Minor Castrum Bragg (Carolinae Septentrionalis)
Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) BG iacobus L. Hodge[8] Castrum Eustis Virginiae
United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command/United States Army Strategic (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) LTG Kevin T. Campbell Armamentarium Redstone (Redstone Arsenal) Alabamae
"Direct Reporting Units" Praesens Imperator Locus Praesidii
United States Army Network Enterprise Technology Command/9th Signal Command (NETCOM/9thSC(A)) MG Susan Lawrence Castrum Huachuca Arizonae
United States Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) LTG Ericus Schoomaker Castrum Sam Houston Texiae
United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) MG David B. Lacquement Castrum Belvoir Virginiae
United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) BG Rodney L. Johnson Castrum Belvoir Virginiae
United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) LTG Robertus Van Antwerp Jr. Vasintonia
United States Army Military District of Washington (MDW) MG Ricardus J. Rowe Jr. Castrum McNair Vasintoniae
U.S. Army Test & Evaluation Command (ATEC) MG Roger A. Nadeau Alexandria Virginiae
United States Military Academy (USMA) LTG Franklinus Hagenbeck Promontorium Occidentale Novum Eboracum]]
United States Army Reserve Command (USARC) LTG Ioannulus C. Stultz Castrum McPherson Georgiae
United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USAASC) Magister Craig A. Spisak Castrum Belvoir Virginiae
United States Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) LTG Robertus Wilson Arlingtonia Virginiae


Personae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Insignia Ordinum Conscriptorum Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum
Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Insignia Ordinum Praefectorum Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum
Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Ordines et Insignia NATO

Hi sunt ordines Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum et pares ordines NATO.

Praefecti Commissi:[9]

US DoD Pay Grade O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 Special¹
Insignia Centurio secondae classis (second lieutenant) Centurio primae classis (first lieutenant) Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Brigadier general Major general Lieutenant general General General of the Army
Title Second Lieutenant First Lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Brigadier General Major General Lieutenant General General General of the Army
Abbreviation 2LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN GA
NATO Code OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10
¹ Conferred only in times of Congressionally declared war to selected Generals.

Praefecti mandati (Warrant officers):[10]

US DoD Pay Grade W-1 W-2 W-3 W-4 W-5
Insignia Primus Secundus Tertius Quartus Quintus
Title Warrant Officer 1 Chief Warrant Officer 2 Chief Warrant Officer 3 Chief Warrant Officer 4 Chief Warrant Officer 5
Abbreviation WO1 CW2 CW3 CW4 CW5
NATO Code WO-1 WO-2 WO-3 WO-4 WO-5

Milites conscripti:[11]

US DoD Pay grade E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9
Insignia No Insignia Miles ordinarius Miles ordinarius Miles primae classis Miles peritus corporal sergeant staff sergeant sergeant first class master sergeant first sergeant sergeant major sergeant major
Title Private Private Private First Class Specialist Corporal Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant First Class Master Sergeant First Sergeant Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Major Sergeant Major of the Army
Abbreviation PVT ¹ PV2 ¹ PFC SPC ² CPL SGT SSG SFC MSG 1SG SGM CSM SMA
NATO Code OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-8 OR-9 OR-9 OR-9
¹ PVT is also used as an abbreviation for both Private ranks when pay grade need not be distinguished
² SP4 is sometimes encountered in lieu of SPC for Specialist. This is a holdover from when there were additional specialist ranks at higher pay grades.


Armatura[recensere | fontem recensere]

Vehicula[recensere | fontem recensere]

Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Index praesentium vehiculorum terrenarum copiarum militarium Civitatum Foederatarum


Aeroplana[recensere | fontem recensere]

Crystal 128 up.png Commentatio principalis: Index praesentium navium aerialium militarium Civitatum Foederatarum


Cultura[recensere | fontem recensere]

Natalitione exercitus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum rite conditus est die 14 Iunii 1775, cum Congressus Continentalis conscriptionem hominum sclopetis peritum sanxit qui coloniis foederatis unum annum mererent.


Sententiae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Circa 1995 ad 1999, Exercitus rite sanxit mores vel qualitates quae nunc appellantur "Septem Principales Exercitus Sententiae." Exercitus has sententias docere coepit sicut principales bellatorum proprietates. Septem Principales Exercitus Sententia ordine praescripto sunt:

  1. Fidelitas (Loyalty)—"Fer veram fidem in Constitutione Civitatum Foederatarum, exercitu, tua unitate (your unit), et pares milites."
  2. Officium—"Exple tua officia."
  3. Observantia (Respect)
  4. Abstinentia? (Selfless Service) - "Pone salutem reipublicae, exercitus, et inferiorum ante se."
  5. Honor—"Vive sententias exercitus."
  6. Integritas
  7. Fortitudo (Personal Courage)

Hae sententiae ordinantur ut forment acronymum LDRSHIP, quod Anglice significat leadership 'ductus'.[12]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum, 14 Iunii: Natalitio Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum.
  2. Libellus "DA Pamphlet 10-1," Organization of the United States Army, figura 1.2, "Military Operations."
  3. DA Pam 10-1 Organization of the United States Army, figura 1-1, "Army Organizations Execute Specific Functions and Assigned Missions."
  4. Exercitum Civitatum Foederatarum.
  5. "United States Army Central, CG's Bio". United States Army Central. 11 February 2008 
  6. "United States Army, Seventh Army, Leaders". United States Army, Seventh Army. 25 June 2008 
  7. "Commanding General". United States Army, Pacific. 23 April 2008 
  8. "Commanding General". United States Army, Surface Deployment and Distribution Command. 30 June 2008 
  9. Ex situ Milites Futuri:
    There are several paths to becoming a commissioned officer including Army ROTC, the United States Military Academy at West Point or the United States Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point, and Officer Candidate School. Certain professionals, physicians, nurses, lawyers, and chaplains are commissioned directly into the Army. But no matter what road an officer takes, the insignia are the same.
    The highest officer rank is the five-star general (General of the Army) and the lowest is the second lieutenant.
    Address all personnel with the rank of general as "General (last name)" regardless of the number of stars. Likewise, address both colonels and lieutenant colonels as "Colonel (last name)" and first and second lieutenants as "Lieutenant (last name)."
  10. Ex situ Milites Futuri:
    Warrant Officers are single track, specialty officers with subject matter expertise in a particular area. They are initially appointed as warrant officers (in the rank of WO1) by the Secretary of the Army, but receive their commission upon promotion to Chief Warrant Officer Two (CW2).
    Technically, warrant officers are to be addressed as "Mr. (last name)" or "Ms. (last name)." However, many personnel do not use those terms, but instead say "Sir", "Ma'am", or most commonly, "Chief".
  11. Ex situ Milites Futuri:
    Sergeants are referred to as NCOs, short for non-commissioned officers. Corporals are also called "hard stripes", in recognition of their leadership position. This distinguishes them from specialists who might have the same pay grade, but not the leadership responsibilities.
    Address privates (E1 and E2) and privates first class (E3) as "Private (last name)." Address specialists as "Specialist (last name)." Address sergeants, staff sergeants, and sergeants first class as "Sergeant (last name)." Address higher ranking sergeants by their full ranks in conjunction with their names.
    All Sergeant ranks from E-5 SGT to E-8 MSG are simply referred to as "Sergeant (last name)". First Sergeant as "First Sergeant (last name)", Sergeant Major, Command Sergeant Major, and Sergeant Major of the Army as "Sergeant Major (last name)". Privates are usually referred to simply by their last names.
  12. Septem Exercitus Sententiae.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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