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Timiditas

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Ioannes Iacobus Russavius locutione "homo statu naturali est timidus" innotuit.[1]
Die Schüchterne. Pictura a Hermanno de Kaulbach (1846–1909) ante 1909 picta.
Puer timidus. Photographema a Sukanto Debnath Hyderabadi in urbe Indiae anno 2007 factum.
Mulier photographiá timida in convivio, 2007.
Species timida. Pictura colorata a Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1839–1892) ligno incisa. Iaponia aetate Meiji, anno 1888.
Puella timida quae lavat. Pictura a Henrico Lejeune (1819–1904) anno 1872 picta. Pinacotheca Artis Mancuniensis.

Timiditas[2] est sensus timoris, incommodi, vel ineptiae, praecipue cum homo inter alios sit. Quod plerumque in novis rerum statibus vel inter homines ignotos fit. Timiditas esse potest proprietas hominum qui sese humiliter aestimant. Validiora timiditatis genera plerumque anxietas socialis vel phobia socialis a peritis appellantur. Prima timiditatis proprietas est timor plerumque ab ego actus cogitationum aliorum de eius moribus. Qua pro causá homo timet ne libere agat ob timorem affectuum negativorum, irrisionis, dedecoris, comitatis, vel reiectionis. Homo timidus potius res sociales evitare constituere potest.[3]

Unum e timiditatis elementis magni momenti est adeptio sollertiarum socialium. Scholae parentesque tacite ponunt pueros puellasque omnino socialiter interagere posse; socialium autem sollertiarum exercitatio res magni momenti non putatur (legendi scribendique dissimilis), unde discipuli timidi occasionem eorum facultatis loquendi in classi evolvendae et cum paribus interagendi non accipiunt. Magistri sollertias sociales imitari et quaestiones timorem minus inicientes, discipulosque leniter cohortari possunt, ut in classi eloquantur aliisque pueris faveant.[4]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Camus 2006.
  2. In eodem fere campo semantico haec versantur: diffidentia, pudor, verecundia.
  3. "Shyness and social phobia". Royal College of Psychiatrists. 2012 .
  4. Coplan er Arveay 2008.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Andre, Christophe. 1999. La timidezza. Romae: Editori Riuniti.
  • Andre, Christophe. 2000. La paura degli altri: agitazione, timidezza e fobia sociale. Augustae Taurinorum: Einaudi. ISBN 88-06-15378-1.
  • Cain, Susan. 2012. Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking. Novi Eboraci: Crown. ISBN 978-0-307-35214-9.
  • Camus, Hélène. 2006. "Timidité de Jean-Jacques Rousseau: écriture et vérité dans les confessions, les dialogues et les rêveries." Dissertatio doctoralis, Université Paris 7.
  • Coplan, R. J., et K. A. Arbeau, 2008. "The Stresses of a 'Brave New World': Shyness and School Adjustment in Kindergarten." Journal of Research in Childhood Education 22 (4): 377–89. doi:10.1080/02568540809594634
  • Crozier, W. R. 1979. "Shyness as a dimension of personality." British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 18: 121–28. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8260.1979.tb00314.x.
  • Crozier, W. R. 2001. Understanding Shyness: psychological perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave. ISBN 978-0-333-77371-0.
  • Eggum, Natalie, Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy Spinrad, Mark Reiser, Bridget Gaertner, Julie Sallquist, et Cynthia Smith. 2009. "Development of Shyness: Relations with Children's Fearfulness, Sex, and Maternal Behavior." Infancy 14 (3): 325–45. doi:10.1080/15250000902839971. PMID 20011459. PMC 2791465.
  • Eisner, Margarete. 2012. Über Schüchternheit: Tiefenpsychologische und anthropologische Aspekte. Gottingae: V&R Unipress. ISBN 978-3-89971-882-9.
  • Héril, Alain. 2010. Pour vaincre la timidité. Lutetiae: Éditions Bussière. ISBN 978-2-85090-328-1.
  • Hilliard, Erika B. 2005. Living Fully With Shyness and Social Anxiety: Comprehensive Guide to Gaining Social Confidence. Novi Eboraci: Marlowe & Company. ISBN 1-56924-397-2.
  • Keillor, Garrison. 1986. "Shy rights: why not pretty soon?" In Happy to be Here, 209–16. Londinii: Faber. ISBN 978-0571146963.
  • Kluger, Z., T. Siegfried, et R. P. Ebstein. 2002. "A meta-analysis of the association between DRD4 polymorphism and novelty seeking." Molecular Psychiatry 7 (7): 712–17. doi:10.1038/sj.mp.4001082. PMID 12192615.
  • Macqueron, Gérard, et Patrick Légeron. 2004. La timidité: comment la surmonter. Guide pour s'aider soi-même. Lutetiae: éd. Odile Jacob. ISBN 9782702891544.
  • Miller, Rowland S., Daniel Perlman, et Sharon S. Brehn. 2007. Intimate Relationships. Ed. 4a. Bostoniae: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9780072938012.
  • Moran, Joe. 2016. Shrinking Violets: a field guide to shyness. Londinii: Profile. ISBN 978-1-78125-263-5.
  • Pilz, Elke A. 1998. "Schüchternheit." In Menschenkenntnis durch Charakterkunde, ed. Josef Rattner, 262–281. Augsburgi: Bechtermünz Verlag. ISBN 3-8289-1802-6.
  • Proietti, Giuliana. 2002. La Timidezza. Mediolani: Xenia. ISBN/EAN 9788872734698.
  • Rubin, Kenneth H. 2003. The Friendship Factor. Novi Eboraci: Penguin Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0142001899.
  • Schüler, Doris. 2011. Schüchterne Kinder stärken: Wie sie Ängste überwinden, ihre Gaben entdecken und die Persönlichkeit entfalten. Seeheim-Jugenheim: Amondis. ISBN 978-3-943036-00-8.
  • Schultz-Hencke, Harald. (1940) 1989. Der gehemmte Mensch: Entwurf eines Lehrbuches der Neo-Psychoanalyse. Ed. 6a. Stuttgartiae: Thieme. ISBN 3-13-401806-3.
  • Shiner, R., et A. Caspi. 2003. "Personality differences in childhood and adolescence: Measurement, development, and consequences." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 44 (1): 2–32. doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00101. PMID 12553411.
  • Werner, Florian. 2012. Schüchtern: Bekenntnis zu einer unterschätzten Eigenschaft.;; Monaci: Nagel & Kimche. ISBN 978-3-312-00544-4.
  • Zimbardo, Philip G. 1977. Shyness: what it is, what to do about it. Reading Massachusettae: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 9780201550184.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad timiditatem spectant.