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Psidium

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Psidium guajava fruit2.jpg

Eudicotyledones 
Rosidae 
Ordo : Myrtales 
Familia : Myrtaceae 
Subfamilia : Myrtoideae 
Tribus : Myrteae 
Genus : Psidium 
L.[1]
   
Synonyma
* Calyptropsidium O.Berg
  • Corynemyrtus (Kiaersk.) Mattos
  • Cuiavus Trew
  • Episyzygium Suess. & A.Ludw.
  • Guajava Mill.
  • Guayaba Noronha
  • Mitropsidium Burret

Psidium est genus arborum et fruticum familiae Myrtacearum,[2] qui in calidioribus hemisphaerii occidentalis regionibus inveniuntur, praecipue in Mexico et America Media Australique, Indis Occidentalibus, Insulis Galapagensibus, et meridianis Civitatibus Foederatis.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] Folia sunt opposita vel subalternata, pelludicis punctis glandulosis notata.

Caulis, folia, et fructus Psidii firmi.
Folia et fructus Psidii friedrichsthaliani.
Folia et fructus Psidii galapageii.
Folia et flos Psidii guajava.
Gemma foliorum Psidii guajava.
Iuvenis Psidii guajava planta, 14 menses nata.
Folia et fructus Psidii longipetiolati.
Psidium sintenisii anno 1974 adumbratum.[10]

Taxinomia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Hoc genus primum a Carolo Linnaeo anno 1753 descriptum est.[11][12] Multae species fructus edules ferunt, qua pro causa nonnullae pro commercio coluntur.[13] Species culta populo gratissima est Psidium guajava.[14][15]

Species[recensere | fontem recensere]

Generi sunt paene centum species descriptae.[3]

  1. Psidium acidum - Peruvia, Aequatoria
  2. Psidium acranthum - Respublica Dominicana
  3. Psidium acunae - Cuba
  4. Psidium acutangulum - a Columbia ad Amapaensem et Bolivia
  5. Psidium albescens - Iamaica
  6. Psidium amplexicaule - Portus Dives, Insulae sub Vento
  7. Psidium apiculatum - Bahia
  8. Psidium appendiculatum - Venetiola septentrionalis, Brasilia septentrionlis et orientalis
  9. Psidium araucanum - Paulopolitana et Paranensis civitates Brasiliae
  10. Psidium arboreum - Civitas Fluminensis civitas Brasiliae
  11. Psidium australe - Venetiola,, Guiana, Bolivia, Brasilia, Paraquaria
  12. Psidium bahianum - Bahia
  13. Psidium balium - Cuba
  14. Psidium brevifolium - Respublica Dominicana
  15. Psidium brownianum - Venetiola, Brasilia septentrionalis et orientalis
  16. Psidium calyptranthoides - Portus Dives
  17. Psidium canum - Brasilia
  18. Psidium cattleianum - Brasilia, Uruquaria
  19. Psidium cauliflorum - Bahia[16]
  20. Psidium celastroides - Cuba
  21. Psidium claraense - Cuba
  22. Psidium cymosum - Cuba
  23. Psidium densicomum - Venetiola, Guiana, Bolivia, Brasilia septentrionalis et occidentalis, Peruvia, Columbia
  24. Psidium dictyophyllum - Hispaniola
  25. Psidium donianum - Maragnanensis
  26. Psidium dumetorum - Iamaica sed exstinctum
  27. Psidium eugenii - Brasilia australis et orientalis
  28. Psidium firmum - Brasilia
  29. Psidium friedrichsthalianum - Mexicum meridianum, America Media, Columbia, Venetiola
  30. Psidium fulvum - Peruvia
  31. Psidium galapageium - Insulae Galapagenses
  32. Psidium ganevii - Bahia
  33. Psidium giganteum - Civitas Minarum Generalium, Paulopolitana
  34. Psidium glaziovianum - Brasilia australis et orientalis
  35. Psidium globosum - Uruquaria
  36. Psidium grandifolium - Brasilia, Bolivia, Paraguaia, Argentina septentrionalis et orientalis
  37. Psidium grazielae - Civitas Spiritus Sancti et Civitas Fluminensis[17]
  38. Psidium guajava - America Media et Australis, Indi Occidentales, Mexicum, Florida, Ludoviciana, Arizona[18]; in regionibus Africae, Asiae Meridianae,[19] et Asiae Meridiorientalis[20]; atque in Havaiis[21][22] et multis aliis insulis oceanicis naturalizatum
  39. Psidium guineense - America Media et Australis, Insulae ad Ventum Conversae, Mexicum
  40. Psidium guyanense - Brasilia septentrionalis, Venetiola, Guiana Francica
  41. Psidium haitiense - Haitia
  42. Psidium harrisianum - iamaica
  43. Psidium × hasslerianum - Paraguaia, America Media
  44. Psidium hotteanum - Massif de la Hotte
  45. Psidium huanucoense - Regio Huánuco
  46. Psidium inaequilaterum - Brailia australis et orientalis
  47. Psidium itanareense - Paulopolitana
  48. Psidium jacquinianum - locus ignotus
  49. Psidium jakucsianum - Cuba
  50. Psidium kennedyanum - Brasilia, Paraguaia, Argentina septentrionalis et orientalis
  51. Psidium langsdorffii - Civitas Minarum Generalium
  52. Psidium laruotteanum - a Costarica ad Paraguaiam
  53. Psidium longipetiolatum - Brasilia australis
  54. Psidium lourteigiae - Brasilia
  55. Psidium loustalotii - Cuba
  56. Psidium maribense - Columbia, Venetiola, Brasilis septentroinalis
  57. Psidium minutifolium - Cuba
  58. Psidium misionum - Paraguaia, Provincia Missionum Argentinae
  59. Psidium montanum - Iamaica
  60. Psidium munizianum - Cuba
  61. Psidium myrsinites - Brasilia
  62. Psidium myrtoides - Brasilia
  63. Psidium nannophyllum - Respublica Dominicana
  64. Psidium navasense - Cuba
  65. Psidium nummularia - Cuba
  66. Psidium nutans - Brasilia, Argentina septentrionalis et orientalis
  67. Psidium oblongatum - Civitas Minarum Generalium, Civitas Spiritus Sancti
  68. Psidium oblongifolium - Brasilia australis et orientalis
  69. Psidium occidentale - Columbia et Aequatoria
  70. Psidium oligospermum - Civitas Minarum Generalium, Parahyba
  71. Psidium oncocalyx - Bahiensis
  72. Psidium orbifolium - Cuba
  73. Psidium ovale - Civitas Minarum Generalium, Cathariniana
  74. Psidium parvifolium - Cuba
  75. Psidium pedicellatum - Columbia,Aequatoria
  76. Psidium pigmeum - Brasilia australis et orientalis
  77. Psidium raimondii - Peruvia
  78. Psidium ramboanum - Matogrossensis
  79. Psidium ratterianum - Brasília
  80. Psidium refractum - Goiasensis
  81. Psidium reptans - Paranensis
  82. Psidium reversum - Sierra Sagua Baracoa in Cuba
  83. Psidium rhombeum - Bahiensis
  84. Psidium riparium - Brasilia
  85. Psidium robustum - Maragnanensis, Civitas Minarum Generalium, Paulopolitana
  86. Psidium rostratum - Peruvia
  87. Psidium rotundatum - Cuba
  88. Psidium rufum - Brasilia
  89. Psidium rutidocarpum - Peruvia
  90. Psidium salutare - America Media et Australis, Indi Occidentales, Mexicum meridianum
  91. Psidium sartorianum - America Media et Australis, Indi Occidentales, Mexicum
  92. Psidium schenckianum - Brasilia orientalis
  93. Psidium scopulorum - Cuba
  94. Psidium sessilifolium - Respublica Dominicana
  95. Psidium sintenisii - Portus Dives
  96. Psidium sorocabense - Brasilia australis et orientalis
  97. Psidium striatulum -Brasilia, Venetiola, Guiana, Surinamia
  98. Psidium tenuirame - Cuba
  99. Psidium trilobum - Massif du Nord in Haitia

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Genus: Psidium L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 28 Ianuarii 2009 .
  2. Mitra 2021.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B. K., Landrum, L. L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C., et al., World Checklist of Myrtaceae, 1–455 (Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Publishing, 2008).
  5. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp, et F. Chiang Cabrera, "Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae." In Flora Mesoamericana, ed. G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (Mexici: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2009), 4 (1): i–xvi, 1–855.
  6. Landrum, L. R., et M. L. Kawasaki (1997), "The genera of Myrtaceae in Brazil: an illustrated synoptic treatment and identification keys," Brittonia 49 (4): 508–36.
  7. Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. (1989), "Flora de Nicaragua: Myrtaceae," Brenesia 31: 53–73.
  8. Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. (2001), "Calycolpus, Eugenia, Myrcia, Myrcianthes, Myrciaria, Pimenta, Plinia, Psidium, Syzygium, Ugni." In Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, ed. Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa, A. Pool, et O. M. Montiel, 85 (2): 1566, 1570–74, 1575–80.
  9. Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, genus Psidium.
  10. illustration by Elbert J. Little; USDA-FS Handbook # 449; 1974.
  11. Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 470.
  12. Tropicos, Psidium L.
  13. Jules Janick, Robert E. Paull, ed. (2008). The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts (illustrated ed.). CABI. ISBN 9780851996387 .
  14. Murphy 2017.
  15. Todorov et Bogsan 2017.
  16. Landrum et Sobral 2006.
  17. Carlos Tuler, da Costa Souza, Tavares Carrijo, et Luna Peixoto 2017.
  18. Biota of North America 2013 county distribution map, Psidium guajava
  19. Ali, Akbar, et Bashar 1986.
  20. Lim et Chong 1990.
  21. Gerakas et Lee 1974.
  22. Shigeura et Bullock 1983.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Ali, Md. Harun, Md. Ali Akbar, et Md. Abul Bashar. 1986. An economic study on guava cultivation in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Mymensingh : Bureau of Socio-economic Research and Training, Bangladesh Agricultural University.
  • Carlos Tuler, Amélia, Marcelo da Costa Souza, Tatiana Tavares Carrijo, et Ariane Luna Peixoto. 2017. "A new cauliflorous species of Psidium (Myrtaceae) from the Atlantic Forest." Phytotaxa 27 (1): 77–82.
  • Gerakas, Andrew J., et Calvin Lee. 1974. Profit potentials in Hawaii's guava: feasibility of expanded fruit-juice and fruit-drink manufacture in Hawaii (with emphasis on guava). Honolulu: Department of Planning and Economic Development, State of Hawaii.
  • Landrum, Leslie. 2008. "Two New Species of Psidium (Myrtaceae) from Bahia, Brazil." Novon A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 18 (Februarius): 74-77. doi:10.3417/2006061.
  • Landrum, Leslie, et Carlos Parra-O. 2014. "A new species of Psidium (Myrtaceae) from Ecuador and Colombia." Brittonia 66, no. 4 (December): 311-315. doi:10.1007/s12228-014-9335-3.
  • Landrum, Leslie R., et M. L. Kawasaki. 1997. "The genera of Myrtaceae in Brazil: an illustrated synoptic treatment and identification keys." Brittonia 49: 508–36.
  • Landrum, Leslie R., et W. P. Sharp. 1989. "Characters of Some American Myrtinae (Myrtaceae): Psidium and Related Genera." Systematic Botany 14 (3): 370–376. Editio interretialis.
  • Landrum, Leslie R., et M. Sobral. 2006. "Psidium cauliflorum (Myrtaceae), a new species from Bahia, Brazil." SIDA: Contributions to Botany 22: 927–29. Editio interretialis.
  • Lim, Tong Kwee, et Khoo Khay Chong. 1990. Guava in Malaysia: production, pests, and diseases. Kuala Lumpur: Tropical Press.
  • Mitra, Sisir, ed. 2021. Guava: botany, production and uses. Bostoniae: CAB International. ISBN 9781789247046 (epub), ISBN 9781789247039 (ebook).
  • Murphy, Albert, ed. 2017. Guava: cultivation, antioxidant properties and health benefits. Novi Eboraci: Novinka. ISBN 1536107670, ISBN 9781536107678.
  • Oliveira, Elaine F., et al. 2017. "Leaf morphology and venation of Psidium species from the Brazilian Savanna." Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 27: 407–13. Editio interretialis.
  • Shigeura, Gordon Tokiyoshi, et Richard M. Bullock. 1983. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) in Hawaii: history and production. Honolulu: Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
  • Soares-Silva, L. H., et C. E. B. Proença. 2008. "A new species of Psidium L. (Myrtaceae) from southern Brazil." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 158 (1): 51–54. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2008.00727.x Editio interretialis.]
  • Terezinha Lopes Pereira Peres, Marize, et al. 2011. "Phytotoxic and antioxidant activity of seven native fruits of Brazil." Acta Botanica Brasilica 27: 836-46. Editio interretialis.
  • Todorov, Svetoslav Dimitrov, et Cristina Stewart Bogsan, eds. 2016. Tropical fruits: from cultivation to consumption and health benefits: guava and mango. Novi Eboraci: Nova Science. ISBN 9781634846820 (epub).

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Psidium spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Psidium" apud Vicispecies.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs scientifici: Tropicos • GRIN • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • Plant Name Index • "Psidium cattleianum" apud Plants for a Future • Plantes d'Afrique • Flora of China • USDA Plants Database
  • Psidium ScienceDirect.
  • Psidium. The Plant List: A working list of all plant species.