Parnassius

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Parnassius phoebus MHNT CUT 2013 3 6 Arvieux female dos.jpg

Classis : Insecta 
Ordo : Lepidoptera 
Familia : Papilionidae 
Subfamilia : Parnassiinae 
Tribus : Parnassiini 
Genus : Parnassius 
   

Parnassius est genus papilionum subfamiliae Parnassiinarum familiae Papilionidae qui in regionibus circumpolari septentrionali et montanis (Alpinis et Himalayanis) endemici sunt. Colore formaque variant secundum altitudine. Accommodationem altitudinis altae habent quae melanismus altitudinalis appellatur.

Variationes in genitalibus feminarum

Larvae plantis familiarum Papaveracearum et Crassulacearum vescuntur, et sicut aliae Papilionidarum larvae, osmeterium habent.[1] Plurimorum papilionum cui sunt pupae nudae dissimiles, intra laxum serici globulum pupantur.

Octo subgenera intra genus agnoscuntur:

  • Driopa Korshunov, 1988 - typus generis: Papilio mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sachaia Korshunov, 1988 - typus generis: Parnassius tenedius Eversmann, 1851
  • Parnassius Latreille, 1804; Nouv. Dict. Hist. nat. 24 (6): 185, 199 - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus
  • Tadumia Moore, [1902]; Lepidoptera Indica, 5 (53): 116 - typus generis: Papilio acco Gray
  • Kailasius Moore, [1902]; Lepidoptera Indica, 5 (53): 118 - typus generis: Parnassius charltonius Gray
  • Koramius Moore, [1902]; Lepidoptera Indica, 5 (53): 120 - typus generis: Parnassius delphius Eversmann
  • Lingamius Bryk, 1935; Das Tierreich 65: 538-540 - typus generis: Parnassius hardwickii Gray
  • Eukoramius Bryk, 1935; Das Tierreich 65: 630, 673-674 - typus generis: Parnassius imperator Oberthür

Inter alia nomina non iam valida sunt:

  • Parnassis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bekannter Schmett. (6): 90 (vel emendatum?) - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus
  • Therius Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 75 - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus
  • Doritis Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 283 - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Katoh, Chichvarkhin, Yagi, et Omoto 2005.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Collins, N. Mark, et Michael G. Morris. 1985. Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland et Cantabrigiae: International Union for Conservation of Nature. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6. Biodiversity Library.
  • Guppy, Crispin S., et Jon H. Shepard. 2001. Butterflies of British Columbia.
  • James, David G., et David Nunnallee. 2011. Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies.
  • Katoh, T., A. Chichvarkhin, T. Yagi, et K. Omoto. 2005. Phylogeny and evolution of butterflies of the genus Parnassius: inferences from mitochondrial 16S and ND1 sequences. Zoological Sciences 22(3):343–51. [1]
  • Pelham, Jonathan. 2008. Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada.
  • Pyle, Robert Michael. 2002. The Butterflies of Cascadia.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Parnassium spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide Parnassium apud Vicispecies.