Parnassius

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Parnassius
Parnassius phoebus
Taxinomia
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Classis: Insecta
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Familia: Papilionidae
Subfamilia: Parnassiinae
Tribus: Parnassiini
Genus: Parnassius
Species

Parnassius acco
Parnassius acdestis
Parnassius actius
Parnassius andreji
Parnassius apollo
Parnassius apollonius
Parnassius arcticus
Parnassius ariadne
Parnassius autocrator
Parnassius baileyi
Parnassius behrii
Parnassius boedromius
Parnassius bremeri
Parnassius cardinal
Parnassius charltonius
Parnassius cephalus
Parnassius clodius
Parnassius davydovi
Parnassius delphius
Parnassius dongalaicus
Parnassius epaphus
Parnassius eversmanni
Parnassius felderi
Parnassius glacialis
Parnassius hannyngtoni
Parnassius hardwickii
Parnassius hide
Parnassius honrathi
Parnassius huberi
Parnassius imperator
Parnassius inopinatus
Parnassius jacobsoni
Parnassius jacquemontii
Parnassius kiritshenkoi
Parnassius labeyriei
Parnassius loxias
Parnassius maharaja
Parnassius maximinus
Parnassius mnemosyne
Parnassius nandadevinensis
Parnassius nomion
Parnassius nordmanni
Parnassius nosei
Parnassius orleans
Parnassius patricius
Parnassius phoebus
Parnassius przewalskii
Parnassius schultei
Parnassius simo
Parnassius simonius
Parnassius smintheus
Parnassius staudingeri
Parnassius stenosemus
Parnassius stoliczkanus
Parnassius stubbendorfi
Parnassius szechenyii
Parnassius tenedius
Parnassius tianschanicus

Parnassius est genus papilionum subfamiliae Parnassiinarum familiae Papilionidae qui in regionibus circumpolari septentrionali et montanis (Alpinis et Himalayanis) endemici sunt. Colore formaque variant secundum altitudine. Accommodationem altitudinis altae habent quae melanismus altitudinalis appellatur.

Variationes in genitalibus feminarum

Larvae plantis familiarum Papaveracearum et Crassulacearum vescuntur, et sicut aliae Papilionidarum larvae, osmeterium habent.[1] Plurimorum papilionum cui sunt pupae nudae dissimiles, intra laxum serici globulum pupantur.

Octo subgenera intra genus agnoscuntur:

  • Driopa Korshunov, 1988 - typus generis: Papilio mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sachaia Korshunov, 1988 - typus generis: Parnassius tenedius Eversmann, 1851
  • Parnassius Latreille, 1804; Nouv. Dict. Hist. nat. 24 (6): 185, 199 - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus
  • Tadumia Moore, [1902]; Lepidoptera Indica, 5 (53): 116 - typus generis: Papilio acco Gray
  • Kailasius Moore, [1902]; Lepidoptera Indica, 5 (53): 118 - typus generis: Parnassius charltonius Gray
  • Koramius Moore, [1902]; Lepidoptera Indica, 5 (53): 120 - typus generis: Parnassius delphius Eversmann
  • Lingamius Bryk, 1935; Das Tierreich 65: 538-540 - typus generis: Parnassius hardwickii Gray
  • Eukoramius Bryk, 1935; Das Tierreich 65: 630, 673-674 - typus generis: Parnassius imperator Oberthür

Inter alia nomina non iam valida sunt:

  • Parnassis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bekannter Schmett. (6): 90 (vel emendatum?) - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus
  • Therius Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 75 - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus
  • Doritis Fabricius, 1807; Magazin f. Insektenk. (Illiger) 6: 283 - typus generis: Papilio apollo Linnaeus

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Katoh, Chichvarkhin, Yagi, et Omoto 2005.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Collins, N. Mark, et Michael G. Morris. 1985. Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland et Cantabrigiae: International Union for Conservation of Nature. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6. Biodiversity Library.
  • Guppy, Crispin S., et Jon H. Shepard. 2001. Butterflies of British Columbia.
  • James, David G., et David Nunnallee. 2011. Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies.
  • Katoh, T., A. Chichvarkhin, T. Yagi, et K. Omoto. 2005. Phylogeny and evolution of butterflies of the genus Parnassius: inferences from mitochondrial 16S and ND1 sequences. Zoological Sciences 22(3):343–51. [1]
  • Pelham, Jonathan. 2008. Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada.
  • Pyle, Robert Michael. 2002. The Butterflies of Cascadia.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Parnassium spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide Parnassium apud Vicispecies.