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Charadriiformes

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Charadriiformes Diversity.jpg
Nonnullae ordinis aves

Classis : Aves 
Infraclassis : Neognathae 
Ordo : Charadriiformes 
Huxley, 1867
   
Palaeontologia
Cretaceo exeunte - Praesens, 75–0 m.a.
Subdivisiones: Familiae
Vide commentarium.

Charadriiformes (a Charadrio, typo familiae Charadriidarum) sunt ordo avium magnitudine a parva ad mediam, qui 350 fere species in omnibus orbis terrarum regionibus inventas comprehendit. Plurimi charadriiformes prope corpora aquae habitant, ubi invertebratis aliisque animalibus parvis vescuntur; nonnulli autem sunt pelagici (aves maritimi), alii deserta frequentant, aliique pauci in silva densa inveniuntur.

Taxinomia, systematica, evolutio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Familiae ordine taxinomico digestae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Hic habes indicem familiarum charadriiformium, ordine taxinomico perscriptarum.

Thinocori subtiliter inter scolopacos (qui subordo compositus limicoli appellatur), chionidique inter charadrios digeri possunt. Subordines thincorum, scolopacorum, chionidorum, et charadrorum plerumque vadentes una appellantur. Nonnulli investigatores familiam glareolidarum in suum subordinem digerunt, contra subordinem larorum.[1] Locus turnicidarum in grege larorum et scolopacorum sensu lato incertus est. Collocatio hic allata consensum studiorum recentium refert.[2]

Charadriiformes
Charadrii
Chionida
Burhinidae

Burhinus



Esacus




Chionidae

Chionis


Pluvianellidae

Pluvianellus




Charadriida
Pluvianidae

Pluvianus




Pluvialidae

Pluvialis




Ibidorhynchidae

Ibidorhyncha


Haematopodidae

Haematopus



Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostra




Cladorhynchus



Himantopus






Charadriidae
Charadriinae

Oreopholus





Phegornis



Zonibyx





Eudromias




Afroxyechus




Charadrius



Thinornis








Vanellinae

Vanellus


Anarhynchinae

Erythrogonys




Peltohyas




Eupoda




Anarhynchus



Ochthodromus












Limicoli
Jacanida
Thincoroidea
Pedionomidae

Pedionomus


Thinocoridae

Attagis



Thinocorus




Jacanoidea
Rostratulidae

Nycticryphes



Rostratula



Jacanidae


Hydrophasianus



Jacana





Actophilornis




Metopidius




Microparra



Irediparra








Scolopacida
Scolopacidae
Numeniinae

Bartramia



Numenius




Limosinae

Limosa



Arenariinae

Limicola



Ereunetes



Calidris




Arenaria



Prosobonia





Tringinae


Xenus



Phalaropus





Actitis



Tringa




Scolopacinae


Lymnocryptes



Limnodromus





Scolopax




Gallinago




Chubbia



Coenocorypha












Lari
Turnicida

Ortyxelos



Turnix



Larida
Glareoloidea
Dromadidae

Dromas ardeola


Glareolidae

Stiltia



Rhinoptilus




Cursorius



Glareola






Alcoidea
Stercorariidae

Stercorarius


Alcidae
Fraterculinae


Cerorhinca



Fratercula





Ptychoramphus



Aethia




Alcinae

Brachyramphus




Cepphus




Synthliboramphus





Uria



Alle





Alca



Pinguinus









Laroidea
Laridae
Gyginae

Gygis


Rynchopinae

Rynchops


Anoinae

Anous



Procelsterna



Sterninae

Onychoprion




Sternula




Phaetusa





Gelochelidon



Hydroprogne





Larosterna




Chlidonias



{{Expansion depth limit exceeded|1=Thalasseus

2=Sterna
                            }}







Larinae

Creagrus




Hydrocoloeus



Rhodostethia





Rissa




Pagophila



Xema






Saundersilarus




Chroicocephalus




Leucophaeus




Larus



Ichthyaetus














Cladogramme ex Baker et al. (2012) adaptatum.[3] et Boyd et al. 2016.[1]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 John, Boyd. "Charadriiformes" (Anglice) .
  2. Paton & Baker 2006; Van Tuinen et al. 2004.
  3. Baker, Allan J.; Yatsenko, Yuri; Tavares, Erika Sendra (2012). "Eight independent nuclear genes support monophyly of the plovers: The role of mutational variance in gene trees". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65 (2): 631–641 

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Bahr, Norbert. 2011. Charadriiformes. Praefatio Jochen Martens. Conversus Valerie Klatte et David Conlin. Minden Germaniae: Media Natur. ISBN 9783923757114.
  • Bourdon, Estelle. 2006. "L'avifaune du Paléogène des phosphates du Maroc et du Togo: diversité, systématique et apports à la connaissance de la diversification des oiseaux modernes (Neornithes)." Thesis doctoralis, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. Abstractum HTML.
  • Ericson, Per G. P., I. Envall, M. Irestedt, et J. A. Norman. 2003. "Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data." BMC Evol. Biol. 3: 16. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-3-16. PDF.
  • Fain, Matthew G., et Peter Houdd. 2004. "Parallel radiations in the primary clades of birds." Evolution 58 (11): 2558–73. doi:10.1554/04-235. PMID 15612298. PDF.
  • Gál, Erika, János Hír, Eugén Kess;er. et József Kókay. 19981999. "Középsõ-miocén õsmaradványok, a Mátraszõlõs, Rákóczi-kápolna alatti útbevágásból. I. A Mátraszõlõs 1. lelõhely." [Fossilia ex Miocaeno medio ex sectionibus ad capellam Rákóczi chapel iuxta Mátraszőlős. Localitas Mátraszõlõs I.] Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis 23: 33–78. Hungarice cum abstraco Anglico. PDF.
  • Klug, H., M. B. Bonsall, et S. H. Alonzo. 2013. "Sex differences in life history drive evolutionary transitions among maternal, paternal, and bi‐parental care." Ecology and Evolution 3: 792–806.
  • Liker, A., R. P. Freckleton, et T. Székely. 2013. "The evolution of sex roles in birds is related to adult sex ratio." Nature Communications 4: 1587.
  • Owens, I. P. 2002. "Male–only care and classical polyandry in birds: phylogeny, ecology and sex differences in remating opportunities." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences. 357: 283–93.
  • Paton, Tara A., et Allan J. Baker. 2006. "Sequences from 14 mitochondrial genes provide a well-supported phylogeny of the Charadriiform birds congruent with the nuclear RAG-1 tree." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (3): 657–67. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.011. PMID 16531074.
  • Paton, T. A., A. J. Baker, J. G. Groth, et G. F. Barrowclough. 2003. "RAG-1 sequences resolve phylogenetic relationships within charadriiform birds." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29: 268–78. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00098-8. PMID 13678682.
  • Strauch, Joseph G. 1978. The phylogeny of the Charadriiformes (Aves) : a new estimate using the method of character compatibility analysis. Londinii: Academic Press, pro Zoological Society of London.
  • Székely, Tamás, et J. D. Reynolds. 1995. "Evolutionary transitions in parental care in shorebirds." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London series B: Biological Sciences: 262: 57–64.
  • Thomas, Gavin H., Tamás Székely, et J. D. Reynolds. 2007. "Sexual conflict and the evolution of breeding systems in shorebirds." Advances in the Study of Behavior 37: 279–342.
  • Thomas, Gavin H., Matthew A. Wills, et Tamás Székely. 2004. "Phylogeny of shorebirds, gulls, and alcids (Aves: Charadrii) from the cytochrome-b gene: parsimony, Bayesian inference, minimum evolution, and quartet puzzling." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30 (3): 516–26. doi|10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00222-7.
  • Thomas, Gavin H., Matthew A. Wills, et Tamás Székely. 2004. "A supertree approach to shorebird phylogeny." BMC Evol. Biol. 4: 28. doi 10.1186/1471-2148-4-28. PMID 15329156. PDF. Materia supplementaria.
  • Tullberg, B. S., M. Ah–King, et H. Temrin. 2002. "Phylogenetic reconstruction of parental–care systems in the ancestors of birds." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London series B, Biological Sciences: 357: 251–57.
  • van Tuinen, Marcel, David Waterhouse, et Gareth J. Dyke. 2004. "Avian molecular systematics on the rebound: a fresh look at modern shorebird phylogenetic relationships." Journal of Avian Biology 35 (3): 191–94. doi:10.1111/j.0908-8857.2004.03362.x. PDF.
  • Worthy, Trevor H., A. J. D. Tennyson, C. Jones, J. A. McNamara, et B. J. Douglas. 2007. "Miocene waterfowl and other birds from central Otago, New Zealand." Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 5 (1): 1–39. doi:10.1017/S1477201906001957.