Horologium

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Horologium est instrumentum quo tempus definitur, indicatur, ordinatur. In usu generali hodie, horologium est quaelibet res quae spatia temporis metitur et monstrat. Horologia bracchii (vel horologia gestabilia) et alii temporis mensores qui portari possunt ab horologiis saepe distinguuntur.[1]

Horologium est unum ex primorum inventorum humanorum, ad tractandas necessitates spatiorum temporis constanter metiendorum quae unitatibus naturalibus sunt brevioria, praecipue inter quas dies, menses lunares, annos. Machinae quae nonnullis physicae rationibus utuntur per millennia adhibitae sunt, in horologiis hodiernis finientes.

Studium temporis mensurati horologia appellatur.

Solaria et aliae res[recensere | fontem recensere]

Solarium, quod tempus diei umbram solis in lapidem cylindricum deiectam metitur, latissime antiquitate adhibitum est.

Horologia candelae et virgulae turis quae celeritatibus notis deflagrantur etiam ad aestimandum temporis transitum adhibita sunt.

In clepsydra vitri, arena tenuis per foramen perparvum constanter funditur et sic transitum certi temporis spatii indicat.

Pinacotheca[recensere | fontem recensere]

Genera horologiorum[recensere | fontem recensere]

Mechanismo: Functione: Modo vel forma:

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary" 
  2. Ibn al-Razzaz Al-Jazari, The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices, conversus et adnotatus a Donaldo Routledge Hill (Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1974).

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Unum ex primis horologiis gestabilibus, "Ovum Norimbergense" appellatum, circa 1510 factum et Petro Henlein tributum (Norimbergae: Germanisches Nationalmuseum).
Horologia bracket rococo (Vesuntii: Museum Temporis.
  • Baillie, G. H., O. Clutton, et C. A. Ilbert. 1956. Britten’s Old Clocks and Watches and Their Makers. Ed. 7a. Bonanza Books.
  • Bolter, David J. 1984. Turing's Man: Western Culture in the Computer Age. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-4108-0.
  • Bruton, Eric. 1982. The History of Clocks and Watches. Novi Eboraci: Crescent Books Distributed by Crown. ISBN 978-0-517-37744-4.
  • Dohrn-van Rossum, Gerhard. 1996. History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Order. Conversus a Thomas Dunlap. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-15510-2.
  • Edey, Winthrop. 1967. French Clocks. Novi Eboraci: Walker & Co.
  • Kak, Subhash. 2003. Babylonian and Indian Astronomy: Early Connections.
  • Kumar, Narendra. 2004. Science in Ancient India. ISBN 81-261-2056-8.
  • Landes, David S. 1983. Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World. Cantabrigiae, Massachusettae: Harvard University Press.
  • Landes, David S. 2003. Clocks & the Wealth of Nations. Daedalus Journal (ver).
  • Lloyd, Alan H. 1957. Mechanical Timekeepers. In A History of Technology, vol. 3, edd. a Charles Joseph Singer et al., 648–675. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
  • Macey, Samuel L. 1980. Clocks and the Cosmos: Time in Western Life and Thought. Hamden, Connecticutae: Archon Books.
  • Needham, Joseph. 1965, 2000. Science & Civilisation in China, vol. 4, pars 2: Mechanical Engineering. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-05803-1.
  • North, John. 2005. God's Clockmaker: Richard of Wallingford and the Invention of Time. Londinii: Hambledon and London.
  • Palmer, Brooks. 1979. The Book of American Clocks. Londinii: Macmillan).
  • Robinson, Tom. 1981. The Longcase Clock. Suffolciae: Antique Collector’s Club.
  • Smith, Alan. 1996. The International Dictionary of Clocks. Londinii: Chancellor Press.
  • Yoder, Joella Gerstmeyer. 1988. Unrolling Time: Christiaan Huygens and the Mathematization of Nature. Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press.
  • Zea, Philip, et Robert Cheney. 1992. Clock Making in New England: 1725–1825. Old Sturbridge Village.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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