Suchus

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Suchus
Nomen Aegyptium
Hieroglyphica
s b k
I4
Translitteratio śbk
Suchus, toreuma in templo Ombis sito.
Statua Suchi in mortuario pharaonis Amenemhet III templo.

Suchus (Graece Σοῦχος[1]) fuit deus Aegyptius, ingenii multiplicis et fluidi.[2] Qui Thebis, Ombis, et praesertim apud Moeridis lacum (praecipue Crocodilopoli) colebatur. Cum Crocodilo Nilotico consociatus, vir facie crocodili capiteque pennato depingitur,[3] et σοῦχος per metonymiam crocodilum indicat.[4] Etiam cum potestate pharaonica, fertilitate, et virtute militare consociatur, ac proprietates apotropaicas habet, quae praesertim homines contra pericula Nili protegere traduntur.

Suchus, ex Neith dea natus, fecunditatem Nili, auctoritatem Pharaonum repraesentabat. Postea cum Ammone, Tebtyni autem cum Saturno (nempe Ceb?) aequabatur.

In Libro mortuorum traditur Suchus Hori nativitati auxilio fuisse, Isin et Nephthyn ad defunctos protegendos arcessere, et partes egisse in delendo Typhone. Alibi traditur Hori filios quattuor e loto Nilotico emergentes rete cepisse.

Aspectus[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Socnebtynis = Sbk-nb-Tn "Suchus dominus Tebtynis" (cum Saturno aequatus)
  • Socnopaeus = Sbk-n-pɜ-ỉw "Suchus Insulae"
  • Socnobraesis = Sbk nb rɜ-ḥsɜ "Suchus dominus oris terribilis"
  • Socnoconnis = Sbk-nb-Gnwt "Suchus dominus Bacchiae
  • Socōnnōconnis = fortasse Sbk-cɜ-nb-Gnwt "Suchus magnus, dominus Bacchiae
  • Soconopis = Sbk-(n)-ḤCpy "Suchus in forma Nili"
  • Soconiêus = ?

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Etiam Sebek, Sobk, et Sobki, a sbk, nomine Aegyptiaco.
  2. Zecchi 2010:3-4.
  3. Mercante 2002: 139.
  4. Strabo 17.1.38.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Allen, James P. 2005. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Atlantae: Society of Biblical Literature.
  • Beinlich, Horst. 1991. Das Buch vom Fayum: zum religiösen Eigenverständnis einer ägyptischen Landschaft. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Bresciani, Edda. 2005. Sobek, Lord of the Land of the Lake. In Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt, ed. Salima Ikram, 199–206. Cairi: The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Dolzani, Claudia. 1961. Il Dio Sobk. Romae: Accademia nazionale dei Lincei.
  • Felde, Rolf. 1995. Ägyptische Gottheiten. Editio secunda amplificata. Wiesbaden: Felde Eigenverlag.
  • Frankfurter, David. 1998. Religion in Roman Egypt: Assimilation and Resistance. Princetoniae: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-07054-7.
  • Helck, Wolfgang. 1999. Krokodil. Kleines Lexikon der Ägyptologie. Ed. 4a, pp. 156-157. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 3447040270.
  • Helck, Wolfgang. 1999. Sobek. Kleines Lexikon der Ägyptologie. Ed. 4a, p. 184. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 3447040270.
  • Ikram, Salima. 2005. Protecting Pets and Cleaning Crocodiles: The Animal Mummy Project. In Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt, ed. Salima Ikram, 207–227. Cairi: The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Mercante, Anthony S. 2002. Who's Who in Egyptian Mythology. Editio secunda. Metrobooks.
  • Murray, Mary Alice. 2012. The Splendor that was Egypt. Londinii: Sidgwick and Jackson.
  • O’Connor, David. 2012. From Topography to Cosmos: Ancient Egypt's Multiple Maps. In Ancient Perspectives: Maps and Their Place in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, ed. Richard J. A. Talbert, 47–79. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press.
  • Tait, John. 2003. The 'Book of the Fayum': Mystery in a Known Landscape. In Mysterious Lands, ed. David O'Connor et Stephen Quirke, 183–202. Portlandiae: Cavendish Publishing.
  • Wilkinson, Richard H. 2003. Die Welt der Götter im Alten Ägypten: Glaube—Macht—Mythologie. Theiss, Stutgartiae. ISBN 3806218196.
  • Zecchi, Marco. 2010. Sobek of Shedet: The Crocodile God in the Fayyum in the Dynastic Period. Umbriae: Tau Editrice.