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Quarcum imum

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Signum Nomen Onus Massa
Lat. Ang.
Primum genus
d deorsum down 1/3 ~ 5 MeV/c²
u sursum up +2/3 ~ 3 MeV/c²
Secundum genus
s mirum strange 1/3 95 ± 25 MeV/c²
c lepor charm +2/3 1,8 GeV/c²
Tertium genus
b imum bottom 1/3 4,5 GeV/c²
t summum top +2/3 171 GeV/c²

Quarcum imum, vel quarcum b,[1] etiam quarcum pulchritudinis appellatum, cum quarco summo, est quarcum grave et pars tertiae materiei aetatis, cuius onus electricum est −Formula:Sfrac e.?

Hadrona quae quarca ima continent[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nonnulla hadrona quarca ima continent.

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Ali, A., et G. Kramer. 2011. "JETS and QCD: A historical review of the discovery of the quark and gluon jets and its impact on QCD." European Physical Journal H 36 (2): 245. doi:10.1140/epjh/e2011-10047-1. Bibcode 2011EPJH...36..245A. Arxiv 1012.2288. s2cid 54062126.
  • Elert, Glenn. Quantum Chromodynamics. The Physics Hypertextbook.
  • Gell-Mann, Murray. (1964) 2000. "The Eightfold Way: A theory of strong interaction symmetry." In The Eightfold Way, ed. Murray Gell-Mann et Yuval Ne'eman. Westview Press. ISBN 978-0-7382-0299-0. Primum impressus 1961: "The Eightfold Way: A theory of strong interaction symmetry". Synchrotron Laboratory Report CTSL-20. California Institute of Technology.
  • Johnson, G. 2000. Strange Beauty: Murray Gell-Mann and the Revolution in Twentieth-Century Physics. Novi Eboraci: Random House. ISBN 978-0-679-43764-2. Google Books.
  • Lederman, L. 1978. "The Upsilon Particle." Scientific American 239 (4): 72–81. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1078-72. Bibcode 1978SciAm.239d..72L.
  • Nave, R. "Quarks." In HyperPhysics. Department of Physics and stronomy, Georgia State University. Editio interretialis.
  • Nishijima, Kazuhiko. 1955. "Charge Independence Theory of V Particles." Progress of Theoretical Physics 13 (3): 285. doi:10.1143/PTP.13.285. Bibcode 1955PThPh..13..285N.
  • Pickering, A. 1984. Constructing Quarks. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-66799-7.
  • Tanabashi, M., et al. (Particle Data Group). 2018. "Review of Particle Physics." Physical Review D 98 (3): 1–708. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.98.030001. Bibcode 2018PhRvD..98c0001T. PMID 10020536. Editio interretialis.
  • Yoh, J. 1997. "The Discovery of the b Quark at Fermilab in 1977: The Experiment Coordinator's Story." Proceedings of Twenty Beautiful Years of Bottom Physics 424: 29–42. PDF. Bibcode 1998AIPC..424...29Y. doi:10.1063/1.55114. AIP Conference Proceedings.


Particulae elementariae :
Fermiones : Quarcia · Leptones
Leptones : Electrones · Myones · Tauones · Neutrina
Bosones gauge : Photones · Gluones · bosona W+, W- et Z0
Hypotheticae : Graviton · boson Higgsianum
Particulae compositae :
Hadrones : Baryones · Mesones
Baryones : Protones · Neutrones · Hyperones
Mesones : Piones · Kaones