Roman numeral 10000 CC DD.svg
Mille Paginae.png

Phthisis

E Vicipaedia
Salire ad: navigationem, quaerere
Imago radiorum X pulmonum hominis phthisi continua laborantis.

Phthisis[1] (a verbo Graeco φθίσις) aut tuberculosis[2] est frequens et saepe mortifer morbus infectiosus, mycobacteriis variarum specierum, in hominibus plerumque Mycobacterio tuberculosis effectus.[3]

Robertus Koch, inventor bacilli tuberculosis.

Phthisis non solum pulmones, sed etiam alias corporis partes appetit. Communicatur per aerem, cum homines activa tuberculosi infecti tussiunt, sternuunt, vel alioquin salivam per aerem transmittunt.[4] Plurimae infectiones asymptomaticae et latentes sunt, sed una fere decem infectionum latentium postremum in morbum activum commutatur, qui, nisi curatur, plus 50 centesimas hominum infectorum interficit.

Iam anno 460 a.C.n., Hippocrates de phthisi scripsit. Hodie novimus causam huius morbi esse bacterium a Roberto Koch, medico Germano, die 24 Martii anno 1882 inventum.[5]

In aliis animalibus[recensere | fontem recensere]

Mycobacteria multa animalia varia inficiunt, inter quae aves,[6] rodentia,[7] et reptilia.[8] Subspecies autem Mycobacterium tuberculosis raro in feris videtur.[9] Conatus ad exstirpandam tuberculosim bovinam, Mycobacterio bovis effectam, ex bubus et gregibus cervorum in Nova Zelandia prosper fuit.[10] Similes autem conatus in Magna Britannia facti minus prosperi fuerunt.[11]

In arte[recensere | fontem recensere]

Anno 2007, praevalentia phthisis per 100 000 hominum fuit altissima in Africa sub-Saharana, et fuit aliquantulum alta in Asia.[12].
Annuus casuum nuper nuntiatorum numerus. Data ex Consociatione Mundiali Sanitatis (tabula Anglice signata).[13]
Mumia Aegyptia in Museo Britannico conservata. Tabes phthisica in spinis mumiarum Aegyptiarum inventa est.

Inter scriptores, artifices, et musicos phthisi mortuos, paene omnes iuvenes, sunt Ioannes Boine (1887–1917), Aemilia Brontë (1818–1848), Fridericus Chopin (1810–1849), Antonius Pauli filius Čechov (1860–1904), Georgius Orwell (1903–1950), Sergius Corazzini (1886–1907), Iosephus Giusti (1809–1850), Guido Gozzano (1883–1916), Ioannes Baptista Grazioli (1746–1820), Ioannes Petrus Jacobsen (1847–1885), Ioannes Keats (1795–1821), et Ioannes Baptista Pergolesi (1710–1736). Inter personas in poesi, mythistoria, et opera phthisi moribundas sunt Silvia Iacobi Leopardi, La Dame aux camélias Alexandri Dumas, Violetta in Traviata Iosephi Verdi, Mimi in La Bohème Iacobi Puccini, et Ilju in Fratres Karamazov Theodori Dostoevskij.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Cels. 3.22.
  2. Everdingen et Eerenbeemt 2012.
  3. Kumar & al. 2007: 516–522.
  4. Konstantinos 2010.
  5. Ex anno 1998 ratio Dies mundialis phthisis facta est.
  6. Shivaprasad & Palmieri 2012.
  7. Reavill & Schmidt 2012.
  8. Mitchell 2012.
  9. Wobeser 2006.
  10. Ryan & al. 2006.
  11. White & al. 2008; Ward & al. 2010.
  12. World Health Organization (2009). "The Stop TB Strategy, case reports, treatment outcomes and estimates of TB burden". Global tuberculosis control: epidemiology, strategy, financing. pp. 187–300. ISBN 978-92-4-156380-2 .
  13. World Health Organization. "WHO report 2008: Global tuberculosis control" .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Dormandy, Thomas. 2000. The White Death. Novi Eboraci: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-1927-9.
  • Everdingen, J. J. E. van, et A. M. M. van den Eerenbeemt. 2012. Pinkhof Geneeskundig woordenboek. Ed. 12a. Houten: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.
  • Holbrook, M. L. 1900. Die Verhütung, hygienische Behandlung und Heilung der Lungenschwindsucht. Monaci: Concord. Digitalisat.
  • Kaufmann, S. H. 2011. Fact and fiction in tuberculosis vaccine research: 10 years later. The Lancet infectious diseases 11(8):633–640, DOI 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70146-3. PMID 21798463.
  • Kidder, Tracy. 2004. Mountains beyond Mountains. Novi Eboraci: Random House Trade Paperbacks. ISBN 0-8129-7301-1.
  • Konstantinos A. 2010. Testing for tuberculosis. Australian Prescriber 33 (1): 12–18.
  • Kumar V., Abbas A. K., Fausto N., Mitchell R. N. 2007. Robbins Basic Pathology. Editio octava. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 978-1-4160-2973-1.
  • Lawlor, Clark. 2007. Consumption and Literature. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-02003-8.
  • Luong, K.; Nguyen, L.T. 2011. Impact of vitamin D in the treatment of tuberculosis. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 341(6):493–498. doi 10.1097. MAJ.0b013e3182070f47. PMID 21289501.
  • Mitchell, M. A. 2012. Mycobacterial infections in reptiles. The veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice 15 (1): 101–11, vii.
  • Möller, M., et E. G. Hoal. 2010. Current findings, challenges and novel approaches in human genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland) 90(2):71–83. ISSN|1873-281X. DOI 10.1016/j.tube.2010.02.002. PMID 20206579.
  • Nemery, B., W. W. Yew, R. Albert, et al. 2005. Tuberculosis, nontuberculous lung infection, pleural disorders, pulmonary function, respiratory muscles, occupational lung disease, pulmonary infections, and social issues in AJRCCM in 2004. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine 171(6):554–62. DOI:10.1164/rccm.2412009. PMID 15753485.
  • Palomino, Juan Carlos, Sylvia Leão, Viviana Ritacco, et al. 2007. Tuberculosis 2007: From basic science to patient care. PDF, 8,3MB, 687 S. (TuberculosisTextbook.com)
  • Reavill, D. R.; Schmidt, R. E. 2012. Mycobacterial lesions in fish, amphibians, reptiles, rodents, lagomorphs, and ferrets with reference to animal models. The veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice 15 (1): 25–40, v.
  • Roloff, Wilhelm. 1948. Die Lungentuberkulose. Berolini/ Göttingen/ Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Roloff, Wilhelm. 1949. Das Tuberkulose-Lexikon. Ed. 2a. Stuttgartiae: Thieme.
  • Ryan, Frank. 1993. The Forgotten Plague: How the Battle Against Tuberculosis Was Won—and Lost. Bostoniae: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-76380-2.
  • Ryan, T. J.; Livingstone, P. G., Ramsey, D. S., de Lisle, G. W., Nugent, G., Collins, D. M., Buddle, B. M. 2006. Advances in understanding disease epidemiology and implications for control and eradication of tuberculosis in livestock: the experience from New Zealand. Veterinary microbiology 112 (2-4): 211–9.
  • Shivaprasad, H. L.; Palmieri, C. 2012. Pathology of mycobacteriosis in birds. The veterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice 15 (1): 41–55, v-vi.
  • Walton, D., et P. Farmer. 2000. MSJAMA: the new white plague. JAMA 284(21):2789. DOI:10.1001/jama.284.21.2789. PMID 11105192.
  • Ward, A. I.; Judge, J., Delahay, R. J. 2010. Farm husbandry and badger behaviour: opportunities to manage badger to cattle transmission of Mycobacterium bovis? Preventive veterinary medicine 93 (1): 2–10.
  • White, P. C.; Böhm, M., Marion, G., Hutchings, M. R. 2008. Control of bovine tuberculosis in British livestock: there is no 'silver bullet'. Trends in microbiology 16 (9): 420–427.
  • Wobeser, Gary A. 2006. Essentials of disease in wild animals. Ed. 1a. Ames, Iova (etc.): Blackwell Publ. pp. 170. ISBN 978-0-8138-0589-4
  • Wolters, Christine. 2011. Tuberkulose und Menschenversuche im Nationalsozialismus: Das Netzwerk hinter den Tbc-Experimenten im Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen. Stuttgartiae: Steiner. ISBN 978-3-515-09399-6.
  • Zorini Attilio, Omodei; Mariani, B. 1971. Terapia e profilassi della tubercolosi. Capitulum 2 in Vaccinazione antitubercolare, edd. M. Lucchini et G. Spina. Augustae Taurinorum: Minerva Medica.