Latinitas nondum censa

De materia medica (Dioscorides)

E Vicipaedia
Salire ad: navigationem, quaerere
Dioscorides Neapolitanus: pagina descriptiones, glossas, imagines de origano monstrans
Versio Latina ab Ioanne Ruellio anno 1516 edita
Versio Andreae Lacunae Hispanica Antverpiae 1555 edita. Exemplar manu tinctum (Bibliotheca Nationalis Hispanica)

De materia medica, Graece scriptum et in multas linguas versum, est opus principale Pedanii Dioscuridis Anazarbei qui in provinciis Asiaticis Imperii Romani saeculo I p.C.n. floruit.

Exstant plures recensiones Graecae:

Versiones Latinae tres aevis antiquo et medio factae sunt.[4] Versionis antiquissimae (A), saeculo III a Gargilio Martiali factae, fragmenta tantum supersunt. Versionis secundae (B) excerpta pauca apud pseudo-Apuleium et Isidori Etymologias reperiuntur. Versio mediaevalis (C, etiam "Dioscorides Langobardus" ab eruditis appellata), ab exemplari recensionis genuinae saeculo fere VI conversa, e libro manuscripto saeculi IX nobis cognoscitur. Haec versio saeculo fere XI in ordinem alphabeticum retractata est; quae recensio sub nomine "Dyascorides" recognoscitur.[5]

Saeculo XVI opus De materia medica in linguas varias verterunt commentariisque adornaverunt Latine Ioannes Ruellius, Valerius Cordus, Italiane Petrus Andreas Matthiolus, alii nonnulli.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Forma genuina": ita Max Wellmann in praefatione editionis suae vol. 2 (1906) p. v
  2. Ita Max Wellmann, "Die Pflanzennamen des Dioskurides" in Hermes vol. 33 (1898) pp. 360–422 ad p. 375
  3. Contra John Scarborough, "Early Byzantine pharmacology" in Dumbarton Oaks Papers vol. 38 (1984) pp. 213-232 JSTOR ad pp. 223-224, qui proponit opus Oribasii archetypum esse recensionis alphabeticae. Quod autem difficile erit credendum, textu multo ab Oribasio omisso in libris recensionis alphabeticae recitato.
  4. #Ferraces Rodríguez (1999); #Cronier (2010)
  5. #Riddle (1974); #Riddle (1984) p. 102 n. 91; #Cronier (2010)

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Editiones
Versiones
Editiones, versiones, commentationes partiales
Searchtool.svg Si plus cognoscere vis, vide Cinnabaris (medicamentum), Cyphi, Moly, et Seps
  • Praefatio: John Scarborough, Vivian Nutton, "The Preface of Dioscorides' Materia Medica: introduction, translation, commentary" in Transactions and Studies of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia n.s. vol. 4 (1982) pp. 187-227.
  • Amomum: Nicolaus Maronea Veronensis, "Commentarii in tractatus Dioscoridis et Plinii de amomo" in Ioannes Pona, Plantae seu simplicia ut vocant, quae in Baldo monte et in via ab Verona ad Baldum reperiuntur (Basileae: Zetznerus, 1608)
  • Balsamum: Andreas Chiocchus, Carmen de balsami natura et viribus iuxta Dioscoridis placita. Veronae, 1596[3]
  • Bryonia: S. S. Renner, J. Scarborough, H. Schaefer, H. S. Paris, J. Janick, "Dioscorides’ bruonia melaina is Bryonia alba, not Tamus communis and an illustration labelled bruonia melaina in the Codex Vindobonensis is Humulus lupulus not Bryonia dioica" in M. Pitrat, ed., Cucurbitaceae 2008: IXth Meeting on Genetics and Breeding of Cucurbitacea (Avenione: INRA, 2008) pp. 273-280
  • Mandragora: George Saliba, Linda Komaroff, "Illustrated Books May Be Hazardous to Your Health: A New Reading of the Arabic Reception and Rendition of the "Materia Medica" of Dioscorides" in Ars Orientalis vol. 35 (2008) pp. 6-65 JSTOR
Eruditio antiquior
Eruditio recentior
  • Minta Collins, Medieval Herbals: The Illustrative Traditions (Londinii: British Library, 2000) pp. 31-89 (Paginae selectae apud Google Books)
  • Marie Cronier, "Le Dioscoride alphabétique latin et les traductions latines du De materia medica" in David Langslow, Brigitte Maire, edd., Body, Disease and Treatment in a Changing World: Latin texts and contexts in ancient and medieval medicine (Lausannae: Editions BHMS, 2010) pp. 189-200
  • Florence E. Day, "Mesopotamian Manuscripts of Dioscorides" in Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin n.s. vol. 8 (1950) pp. 274-280 JSTOR
  • Cesar E. Dubler, Elias Teres Sadaba, La 'Materia Medica' de Dioscorides, transmisión medieval y renacentista. 6 voll. Barcelone, 1952-1957
  • Nicholas Everett, The Alphabet of Galen: Pharmacy from Antiquity to the Middle Ages (Toronti: University of Toronto Press, 2012) pp. 64-78 (Paginae selectae apud Google Books)
  • A. Ferraces Rodríguez, Estudios sobre textos latinos de fitoterapia entre la Antigüedad Tardía y la Alta

Edad Media. Corunnae, 1999

  • Martin Levey, Early Arabic Pharmacology: An Introduction Based on Ancient and Medieval Sources. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill, 1973 (Paginae selectae apud Google Books)
  • John M. Riddle, "The Latin Alphabetical Dioscorides" in Proceedings of XIIIth International Congress of the History of Science, Moscow, 1971, sections III and IV (Moscuae, 1974) pp. 204-209
  • John M. Riddle, "Byzantine Commentaries on Dioscorides" in Dumbarton Oaks Papers vol. 38 (1984) pp. 95-102 JSTOR
  • John M. Riddle, Dioscorides on pharmacy and medicine. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985
  • Mahmoud M. Sadek, The Arabic Materia Medica of Dioscorides. Quebeci: Editions du Sphinx, 1983
  • George Saliba and Linda Komaroff, "Illustrated Books May Be Hazardous to Your Health: A New Reading of the Arabic Reception and Rendition of the "Materia Medica" of Dioscorides" in Ars Orientalis vol. 35 (2008) pp. 6-65 JSTOR
  • John Scarborough, "Pharmacy in Pliny's Natural History: some observations on substances and sources" in Roger French, Frank Greenaway, edd., Science in the Early Roman Empire (Londinii: Croom Helm, 1986) pp. 59-85 [de fontibus tam Dioscoridis quam Plinii]
  • John Scarborough, Pharmacy's ancient heritage: Theophrastus, Nicander and Dioscorides. Lexington, 1985.
  • Max Wellmann, "Dioskurides (12)" in Paulys Real-Enzyklopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft edd. G. Wissowa et alii (Stuttgart, 1893-1972 ~ ~) vol. 5 pars 1 (1903) pp. 1131–1142
Notae de bibliographia
  1. Citatio huius editionis
  2. Citatio editionis 1561 (vide p. 192 apud Google Books). N.B. oportet titulum huius editionis verificare
  3. Citatio huius operis