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Iudicia Norimbergensia

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Schlaegel und eisen yellow.svg -2 Latinitas huius rei dubia est. Corrige si potes. Vide {{latinitas}}.
Imago primi et praecipui iudicii Norimbergensis. Ad sinistram partem a parte superiore: Hermannus Goering, Rudolphus Hess, Ioachim de Ribbentrop, Guliemus Keitel. Ad dextram partem a parte superiore: Carolus Doenitz, Ericus Raeder, Baldur de Schirach, Fridericus Sauckel.

Iudicia Norimbergensia fuerunt iudicia Norimbergae habita post secundum bellum mundanum, a die 20 Novembris 1945 usque ad annum 1949, contra Nazistas qui magnas partes in belli sceleribus et in facinoribus contra humanitatem Soae (id est in Iudaeorum stragibus inter tyrannidem) egerant.

Praecipuum iudicium[recensere | fontem recensere]

Hi homines ut iudices inter iudicium egerunt:

  1. Franciscus Biddle et Ioannes Johnston Parker (Civitates Foederatae)
  2. Ionas Nikitčenko et Alexander Volčkov (Unio Sovietica),
  3. Galfridus Lawrence et Normannus Birkett (Britanniarum Regnum)
  4. Henricus Donnedieu de Vabres et Robertus Falco (Francia)

Quattuor fuerunt accusatores:

  1. Robertus H. Jackson (Civitates Foederatae)
  2. Romanus Rudenko (Unio Sovietica)
  3. Hartley Shawcross (Britanniarum Regnum)
  4. Franciscus de Menthon, et postea Augustus Champetier de Ribes (Francia)

Hi fuerunt viginti et quattuor homines qui inter praecipuum iudicium iudicati fuerunt:

Nomen Munus Sententia
Martinus Bormann Rudolphi Hess successor ut dux Factionis Nazistae capite damnatus (in absentia)
Ioannes Frank Poloniae Gubernator Generalis Capite damnatus
Gulielmus Frick Minister negotiorum internorum, qui leges contra Iudaeos ratum esse iussit Capite damnatus
Hermannus Göring Aerei exercitus dux (Luftwaffe) et praeses parlamenti (Reichstag) Capite damnatus
Alfredus Jodl Praecipuus vir militaris Capite damnatus
Ernestus Kaltenbrunner Securitatis regni supremi offici (Reichssicherheitshauptamt) et turmarum actionis (Einsatzgruppen) dux Capite damnatus
Guliemus Keitel Exercitus Germanici (Wehrmacht) dux Capite damnatus
Ioachim de Ribbentrop Minister negotiorum externorum ab anno 1938 Capite damnatus
Alfredus Rosenberg regiminis doctrinae de odio phyletico [1] creavit et promulgavit. Etiam minister terrarum occupatarum fuit Capite damnatus
Fridericus Sauckel De servorum labore propositi dux Capite damnatus
Arthurus Seyss-Inquart publicus Nazista Austriacus et et gubernator Nederlandiae inter secundum bellum mundanum Capite damnatus
Iulius Streicher libelli de odio phyleticoDer Stürmer“ editor Capite damnatus
Gualterius Funk Minister oeconomiae et Argentariae Regni (Reichsbank) praeses in carcerem perpetuum damnatus
Rudolphus Hess Adiutor Adolphi Hitler in carcerem perpetuum damnatus
Ericus Raeder Germanicae classis (Kriegsmarine) dux supremus in carcerem perpetuum damnatus
Albertus Speer Minister ad arma in viginti annos carceris damnatus
Baldur de Schirach Iuventutis Hitlerianae dux in viginti annos carceris damnatus
Constantinus de Neurath Minister negotiorum externorum usque ad annum 1938, "Protector" Bohemiae et Moraviae in quindecim annos carceris damnatus
Carolus Dönitz Successor Adolphi Hitler et Germanicae classis (Kriegsmarine) dux in decem annos carceris damnatus
Ioannes Fritzsche Diurnarius fuit adiutor Iosephi Goebbels apud propagandae ministerium Absoltus
Franciscus de Papen Minister et ab anno 1933 usque ad insequentem annum cancellarius vicarius Absoltus
Hjalmar Schacht Praeses Regni argentariae (Reichsbank) Absoltus
Gustavus Krupp Magister officinarum qui servorum laboris lucra percepit Sine damnatione valetudinis difficultatum gratia
Robertus Ley Dux Societas Germanicae Laboris Sine damnatione quia mortem ante iudicium sibi conscivit

Iudicium in medicos[recensere | fontem recensere]

Anno 1946/1947 et iudicium in medicos habebatur. Accusati medici sunt, qui in castris carceralibus experimenta crudelia in homines fecissent. Inter eos qui ad mortem damnati sunt fuit:

Nota[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Basilica Norimbergae ubi iudicia facta sunt.
Hermannus Göring interrogatur.
  • Biddiss, Michael. 1995. Victors' Justice? The Nuremberg Tribunal. History Today 45 (5).
  • Bower, Tom. (1981) 1995. Blind Eye to Murder: Britain, America and the Purging of Nazi Germany—A Pledge Betrayed. Ed. 2a, retractata. Londinii: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-87668-1.
  • Brunner, José. 2001. "Oh those crazy cards again": a history of the debate on the Nazi Rorschachs, 1946–2001. Political Psychology 22, no. 2 (September): 233–261. doi:10.1111/0162-895X.00237. JSTOR 3791925.
  • Cooper, Robert W. (1947) 2011. The Nuremberg Trial. Londinii: Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-27273-0.
  • Davidson, Eugene. (1966) 1997. The Trial of the Germans: An Account of the Twenty-Two Defendants before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Columbiae Missuriae: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-1139-2.
  • Davidson, Eugene. (1959) 1999. The Death and Life of Germany. Columbiae Missuriae: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-1249-8.
  • Evans, Richard J. 2008. The Third Reich at War. Londinii: Allen Lane. ISBN 978-0-7139-9742-2.
  • Fichtelberg, Aaron 2009. Fair Trials and International Courts: A critical evaluation of the Nuremberg legacy. Criminal Justice Ethics 28 (1): 5–24. doi:10.1080/07311290902831268. ISSN 0731-129X.
  • Gilbert, Gustave M. (1947) 1995. Nuremberg Diary. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80661-2.
  • Goldensohn, Leon N. 2004. The Nuremberg Interviews: Conversations with the Defendants and Witnesses. Novi Eboraci: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-375-41469-5.
  • Harris, Whitney R. 2006. Tyranny on Trial—Trial of Major German War Criminals at Nuremberg, 1945–1946. In The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law Since 1945 / Die Nürnberger Prozesse: Völkerstrafrecht seit 1945. Ed. Herbert R. Reginbogin et Christoph J. M. Safferling, 106–114. Berolini: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-094484-6.
  • Heller, Kevin Jon. 2011. The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-923233-8.
  • Kochavi, Arieh J. 1998. Prelude to Nuremberg: Allied War Crimes Policy and the Question of Punishment. Chapel Hill Carolinae Septentrionalis: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-2433-7.
  • Lawrence, Geoffrey. 1947. The Nuremberg Trial. International Affairs 23 (2): 151–159. doi:10.2307/3018884. JSTOR 3018884.
  • Luban, David. 1994. Legal Modernism: Law, Meaning, and Violence. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-10380-5.
  • MacLean, French L. 2013. The Fifth Field: The Story of the 96 American Soldiers Sentenced to Death and Executed in Europe and North Africa in World War II. Atglen Pennsylvaniae: Schiffer Publishing.
  • Marrus, Michael R. 1997. The Nuremberg Trial: Fifty Years After. The American Scholar 66 (4): 563–570. JSTOR 41212687.
  • Marrus, Michael R. 2015. Three Roads From Nuremberg. Tablet Magazine, 20 Novembris.
  • Mason, Alpheus Thomas. (1956) 1968. Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law. Hamden Connecticutae: Archon Books.
  • Mettraux, Guénaël, ed. 2008. Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-923233-8.
  • Neave, Airey. 1978. Nuremberg: A Personal Record of the Trial of the Major Nazi War Criminals. Grafton Books.
  • Overy, Richard. 2001. Interrogations: The Nazi Elite in Allied Hands. Londinii: Allen Lane. ISBN 978-0-7139-9350-9.
  • Owen, James. 2006. Nuremberg: Evil on Trial. Londinii: Headline. ISBN 9780755315444.
  • Parish, Matthew. 2011. Mirages of International Justice: The Elusive Pursuit of a Transnational Legal Order. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9780857931184.
  • Persico, Joseph E. (1994) 2000. Nuremberg: Infamy on Trial. Londinii: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-029815-4.
  • Senarclens, Pierre de. 1988. Yalta. Novi Brunsvici Novae Caesareae: Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-0-88738-152-2.
  • Sereny, Gitta. 1995. Albert Speer: His Battle with Truth. Londinii: Macmillan, ISBN 978-0-333-64519-2.
  • Smith, Bradley F. 1977. Reaching Judgment at Nuremberg. Basic Books.
  • Wright, Quincy. 1946. The Nuremberg Trial. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 246 (Iulius): 72–80. doi:10.1177/000271624624600113. JSTOR 1025134.
  • Wright, Quincy. 1948. Legal Positivism and the Nuremberg Judgment. American Journal of International Law 42, no. 2 (Aprilis): 405–414. doi:10.2307/2193683. JSTOR 2193683.
  • Zolo, Danilo. 2009. Victors' Justice: From Nuremberg to Baghdad. Novi Eboraci et Londinii: Verso Books. ISBN 978-1-84467-317-9.

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Conot, Robert E. 1983. Justice at Nuremberg. Novi Eboraci: Harper & Row. ISBN 006015117X.
  • Priemel, Kim C., et Alexa Stiller, eds. 2012. Reassessing the Nuremberg Military Tribunals: Transitional Justice, Trial Narratives, and Historiography. Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-0-85745-532-1.
  • Reginbogin, Herbert R., et Christoph J. M. Safferling. 2006. The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law since 1945. De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-094484-6.
  • Reginbogin, Herbert R., et Christoph J. M. Safferling. 2006. Die Nürnberger Prozesse: Völkerstrafrecht seit 1945. Berolini: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-094484-6.