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El Greco

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Imago viri, quae imago ipsius pictoris esse putatur, inter anno 1595 et 1600 picta, oleo in telo, 52.7 × 46.7 cm, in Museo artium metropolitanis Novi Eboraci servata[1]

Dominicus Theotocopulus (Graece Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος; natus anno 1541, mortuus die 7 Aprilis 1614), saepius Hispanice El Greco "Graecus" appellatus, fuit pictor, sculptor, atque architectus Renascentiae, qui ex Graecia ortus Hispaniam habitabat.

Sigillum quintum secundum visionem Iohannis (apoc. 6, 9) apertum pinxit El Greco

Natus est in Creta, quae illo tempore erat pars Rei publicae Venetae et magnus locus artis artis post-Byzantini. Quem artem perdidiscens magister factus est, antequam annos 26 natus Venetiam iit, viam aliorum artificum Graecorum sequens. Anno 1570 Romam migravit, ubi officinam aperuit et seriem operum perfecit. In Italia suum pingendi modum partibus Mannerismi et renascentiae Veneticae locupletavit. Anno 1577 Toletum migravit, ubi usque ad moretm habitavit et laboravit. In Hispania plura magna mandata accepit et opera clarissima pinxit.

"Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος ἐποίει": "Dominicus Theotocopulus faciebat".

Pictura eius dramatica et expressiva, a pluribus contemporaneis contempta, saeculo XX maiorem favorem accepit. Nunc praecursor et expressionismi et cubismi habetur, et ingenium eius nonnullos scriptores, ut Rainerium Maria Rilke et Nicolaum Cazantzacen movit. A scriptoribus recentibus artifex singularis, nulli scholae vulgari pertinens, ducitur. Tabulae eius saepe figuras tortuosas et longas monstrant, prodigiosis coloribus pictas; sic pictor mores orientales occidentalesque coniunxit.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Descriptio tabulae in paginae Musei Metropolitani.

References[recensere | fontem recensere]

Libri et commentationes
  • Acton, Mary (1991). Learning to Look at Paintings. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-521-40107-0 
  • Allardyce, Isabel (2003). "Our Lady of Charity, at Illescas". Historic Shrines of Spain 1912. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 0-7661-3621-3 
  • Álvarez Lopera, José (2005). "El Greco: From Crete to Toledo (translated in Greek by Sofia Giannetsou)". in M. Tazartes' "El Greco". Explorer. ISBN 960-7945-83-2 
  • Anstis, Stuart (2002). "Was El Greco Astigmatic" (PDF). Leonardo 35 (2): 208 
  • Arslan, Edoardo (1964). "Cronisteria del Greco Madonnero". Commentari xv (5): 213–231 
  • Boubli, Lizzie (2003). "Michelangelo and Spain: on the Dissemination of his Draughtsmanship". Reactions to the Master edited by Francis Ames-Lewis and Paul Joannides. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.. ISBN 0-7546-0807-7 
  • Braham, Allan (June 1966). "Two Notes on El Greco and Michelangelo". Burlington Magazine (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 108 (759): 307–310 
  • Bray, Xavier (2004). El Greco. National Gallery Company, London. ISBN 1-85709-315-1 
  • Brown, Jonathan (ed.) (1982). "El Greco and Toledo". El Greco of Toledo (catalogue). Little Brown 
  • Brown Jonathan, Kagan Richard L. (1982). "View of Toledo". Studies in the History of Art 11: 19–30 
  • Brown Jonathan, Mann Richard G. (1997). "Tone". Spanish Paintings of the Fifteenth Through Nineteenth Centuries. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-14889-8 
  • Byron, Robert (October 1929). "Greco: The Epilogue to Byzantine Culture". Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 55 (319): 160–174 
  • Constantoudaki, Maria (1975–1976). "D. Theotocópoulos, from Candia to Venice (in Greek)". Bulletin of the Christian Archeological Society 8 (period IV): 55–71 
  • Cormack, Robin (1997). Painting the Soul, Icons, Death Masks and Shrouds. Reaktion Books, London 
  • Cossío, Manuel Bartolomé (1908). El Greco (in Spanish). Victoriano Suárez, Madrid 
  • Crow, John Armstrong (1985). "The Fine Arts—End of the Golden Age". Spain: The Root and the Flower. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-05133-5 
  • Davies, David (1990). "The Byzantine Legacy in the Art of El Greco". El Greco of Crete (proceedings) edited by Nicos Hadjinicolaou. Herakleion 
  • Davies, David (1990). "The Influence of Christian Neo-Platonism on the Art of El Greco". El Greco of Crete (proceedings) edited by Nicos Hadjinicolaou. Herakleion 
  • Engass Robert, Brown Jonathan (1992). "Artistic Practice—El Greco versus the Hospital of Charity, Illescas". Italian and Spanish Art, 1600–1750. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 0-8101-1065-2 
  • Fernádez, Francisco de San Román (1927). "De la Vida del Greco—Nueva Serie de Documentos Inéditos" (es). Archivo Español del Arte y Arqueologia 8: 172–184 
  • Firestone, Chaz (2013). "On the Origin and Status of the 'El Greco Fallacy'". Perception 42 (6): 672–674 
  • Foundoulaki, Efi (1992). "From El Greco to Cézanne". From El Greco to Cézanne (catalogue). National Gallery-Alexandros Soutsos Museum 
  • Foundoulaki, Efi (24 August 1990). "Reading El Greco through Manet (in Greek)". Anti (445): 40–47 
  • Gautier, Théophile (1981). "Chapitre X". Voyage en Espagne (in French). Gallimard-Jeunesse. ISBN 2-07-037295-2 
  • Greco, El. 2002 
  • Grierson, Ian (2000). "Who am Eye". The Eye Book. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-755-7 
  • Griffith, William (2005). "El Greco". Great Painters and Their Famous Bible Pictures. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4179-0608-1 
  • Gudiol, José (1973). Doménicos Theotocópoulos, El Greco, 1541–1614. Viking Press 
  • Gudiol, José (September 1962). "Iconography and Chronology in El Greco's Paintings of St. Francis". Art Bulletin (College Art Association) 44 (3): 195–203 
  • Hadjinicolaou, Nicos (1990). "Doménicos Theotocópoulos, 450 Years from his Birth". El Greco of Crete (proceedings) edited by Nicos Hadjinicolaou. Herakleion 
  • Hadjinicolaou, Nicos (1994). "Inequalities in the work of Theotocópoulos and the Problems of their Interpretation". Meanings of the Image edited by Nicos Hadjinicolaou (in Greek). University of Crete. ISBN 960-7309-65-0 
  • Harris, Enriquetta (April 1938). "A Decorative Scheme by El Greco". Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 72 (421): 154–155+157–159+162–164 
  • Helm, Robert Meredith (2001). "The Neoplatonic Tradition in the Art of El Greco". Neoplatonism and Western Aesthetics edited by Aphrodite Alexandrakis and Nicholas J. Moutafakis. SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-5279-4 
  • Hispanic Society of America (1927). El Greco in the Collection of the Hispanic Society of America. Printed by order of the trustees 
  • Johnson, Ron (October 1980). "Picasso's "Demoiselles d'Avignon" and the Theatre of the Absurd". Arts Magazine V (2): 102–113 
  • Kandinsky Wassily, Marc Franz (1987). L'Almanach du "Blaue Reiter". Klincksieck. ISBN 2-252-02567-0 
  • Lambraki-Plaka, Marina (1999). El Greco-The Greek. Kastaniotis. ISBN 960-03-2544-8 
  • Lambraki-Plaka, Marina (19 April 1987). "El Greco, the Puzzle. Doménicos Theotocópoulos today". To Vima 
  • Lambraki-Plaka, Marina (1992). "From El Greco to Cézanne (An "Imaginary Museum" with Masterpieces of Three Centuries)". From El Greco to Cézanne (catalogue). National Gallery-Alexandros Soutsos Museum 
  • Landon, A.E. (2003). Reincarnation Magazine 1925. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 0-7661-3775-9 
  • Lefaivre Liane, Tzonis Alexander (2003). "El Greco (Domenico Theotocopoulos)". El Greco—The Greek. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-26025-6 
  • Mango Cyril, Jeffreys Elizabeth (2002). "Towards a Franco-Greek Culture". The Oxford History of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-814098-3 
  • Mann, Richard G. (2002). "Tradition and Originality in El Greco's Work" (PDF). Journal of the Rocky Mountain (The Medieval and Renaissance Association) 23: 83–110 
  • Marias, Fernando (1999). "El Greco's Artistic Thought". El Greco, Identity and Transformation edited by Alvarez Lopera. Skira. ISBN 88-8118-474-5 
  • Marias Fernando, Bustamante García Agustín (1981). Las Ideas Artísticas de El Greco (in Spanish). Cátedra. ISBN 84-376-0263-7 
  • Mayer, Aygust L. (June 1929). "El Greco—An Oriental Artist". Art Bulletin (College Art Association) 11 (2): 146–152 
  • Mayer, Aygust L. (January 1939). "Notes on the Early El Greco". Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 74 (430): 28–29+32–33 
  • Meier-Graefe, Julius (1926). The Spanish Journey (translated form German by J. Holroyd-Reece). Jonathan Cape, London 
  • Mertzios, K.D. (1961–1962). "Selections of the Registers of the Cretan Notary Michael Maras (1538–1578) (in Greek)". Cretan Chronicles 2 (15–16): 55–71 
  • Nagvi-Peters, Fatima (22 September 1997). "A Turning Point in Rilke's Evolution: The Experience of El Greco". Germanic Review 72 
  • Pallucchini, Rodolfo (May 1948). "Some Early Works by El Greco". Burlington Magazine (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 90 (542): 130–135, 137 
  • Panayotakis, Nikolaos M. (1986). ""The Cretan Period of the Life of Doménicos Theotocópoulos". Festschrift In Honor Of Nikos Svoronos, Volume B. Crete University Press 
  • Pijoan, Joseph (March 1930). "El Greco—A Spaniard". Art Bulletin (College Art Association) 12 (1): 12–19 
  • Procopiou, Angelo (March 1952). "El Greco and Cretan Painting". Burlington Magazine (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 94 (588): 74+76–80 
  • Rassias John; Alexiou Christos; Bien Peter (1982). "Greco". Demotic Greek II: The Flying Telephone Booth. UPNE. ISBN 0-87451-208-5 
  • Richardson, John (23 April 1987). "Picasso's Apocalyptic Whorehouse". The New York Review of Books (The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd.) 34 (7): 40–47 
  • Salas, X. de (February 1961). "The Velazquez Exhibition in Madrid". Burlington Magazine 103 (695): 54–57 
  • Sanders Alan, Kearney Richard (1998). "Changing Faces". The Wake of Imagination: Toward a Postmodern Culture. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-11950-2 
  • Scholz-Hansel, Michael (1986). El Greco. Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-3171-9 
  • Sethre, Janet (2003). "El Greco". The Souls of Venice. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-1573-8 
  • Sheehanl, J.J. (2000). "Critiques of a Museum Culture". Museums in the German Art World. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-19-513572-5 
  • Souchère de la, Dor (1960). Picasso à Antibes (in French). Fernan Hazan (Paris) 
  • Talbot Rice, David (1964). David Piper. ed. Enjoying Paintings. London: Penguin 
  • Tazartes, Mauricia (2005). El Greco (translated in Greek by Sofia Giannetsou). Explorer. ISBN 960-7945-83-2 
  • Theotocópoulos, Doménicos. 1952 
  • Valliere, James T. (Autumn 1964). "The El Greco Influence on Jackson Pollock's Early Works". Art Journal (College Art Association.) 24 (1): 6–9 
  • Wethey, Harold E. (1962). El Greco and his School (Volume II). Princeton University Press 
  • Wethey, Harold E. (1984). "El Greco in Rome and the Portrait of Vincenzo Anastagi". Studies in the History of Art 13: 171–178 
  • Wethey, Harold E.; Forsyth, G. H.; Levitine, G.; Wethey, H. E.; Kelemen, P. l. (March 1966). "Letter to the Editor". Art Bulletin (College Art Association.) 48 (1): 125–127 
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