Eduardus Sapir

E Vicipaedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Eduardus Sapir.

Eduardus Sapir (IPA [səˈpɪər], natus Lauenburgi Prussiae die 26 Ianuarii 1884; mortuus Portu Novo Connecticutae die 4 Februarii 1939) fuit anthropologus et linguista Americanus, qui unus ex eruditis auctoritate gravissimis in progressu disciplinae linguisticae late habetur.[1][2]

Vita[recensere | fontem recensere]

Cum familia in Civitates Foederatas puer migravit. Linguisticae in Universitate Columbiae studuit, ubi maxime a Francisco Boas motus est. Ut linguae vernaculas Americarum investigaret, Californiam migravit, ubi in Universitate Californiensi Berkeleiensi cum Alfredo Kroeber linguas vernaculas perscribebat et annotavit. Quindecim annos pro Geological Survey of Canada laborabat, cum factus est unus e duobus linguistis Americae Septentrionalis maximi momenti, quorum alter erat Leonardus Bloomfield. Professor in Universitate Sicaginiensi creatus est, ubi nonnullos annos commorabatur professionalem disciplinam linguisticam assidue promovens. Ad ultimum, professor anthropologiae in Universitate Yalensi docebat, quamquam cum circumiectis universitatis numquam vero congruebat.

Inter discipulos eius erant linguistae Maria Haas, Morris Swadesh, Beniaminus Lee Whorf, Carolus Hockett, et Harrius Hoijer, atque anthropologi Fridericus Eggan et Hortensia Powdermaker.

Bibliotheca Universitatis Columbiae anno 1903, cum Sapir scholasticus ibi esset.
Antonius Tillohash et familia. Tillohash cum Sapir linguam Paiutam Meridianam describente collaborabat.
Alfredus Kroeber et Ishi, quocum Sapir in California laboravit.
Margareta Mead nonnulla decennia post consuetudinem cum Sapir habuerat.

Scholasticus universitarius linguarum Latinae, Graecae, Francogallicae primo anno studuit. Anno secundo linguarum Germanicarum studere coepit, praesertim Gothicae, Theodiscae altae antiquae, Saxonicae antiquae, Islandicae, Batavae, Suecicae, et Danicae. Sanscriticam quoque discere coepit, praeter musicam in ordine Eduardi MacDowell, clari compositoris et professoris (quamquam incertum est num Sapir acroases ipsius MacDowell audiret). Notionem phonematis penitus in sua dissertatione exploravit.

Ottavae carmina vulgaria Canadiana Francogallica collegit et edidit, et volumen poesis composuit.

Antequam Canada, migravit, consuetudinam cum Margareta Mead habuit.

Editiones selectae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Dissertatio[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Sapir, Edward. 1909. The Takelma language of southwestern Oregon. Textus.

Libri[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commentarii[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Sapir, Edward (1907). "Preliminary report on the language and mythology of the Upper Chinook". American Anthropologist 9: 533–544 
  • Sapir, Edward (1910). "Some fundamental characteristics of the Ute language". Science 31 (31): 350–352 
  • Sapir, Edward (1911). "Some aspects of Nootka language and culture". American Anthropologist 13: 15–28 
  • Sapir, Edward (1911). "The problem of noun incorporation in American languages". American Anthropologist 13: 250–282 
  • Sapir, E. (1913). "Southern Paiute and Nahuatl, a study in Uto-Aztekan". Journal de la Société des Américanistes 10 (2): 379–425 
  • Sapir, Edward (1915). "The Na-dene languages: a preliminary report". American Anthropologist 17: 765–773 
  • Sapir, Edward (1917). "Do we need a superorganic?". American Anthropologist 19: 441–447 
  • Sapir, Edward (1924). "The grammarian and his language". The American Mercury (1): 149–155 
  • Sapir, Edward (1924). "Culture, Genuine and Spurious". The American Journal of Sociology 29 (4): 401–429 
  • Sapir, Edward (1925). "Memorandum on the problem of an international auxiliary language". The Romanic Review (16): 244–256 
  • Sapir, Edward (1925). "Sound patterns in language". Language (1): 37–51 
  • Sapir, Edward (1931). "The function of an international auxiliary language". Romanic Review (11): 4–15 
  • Sapir, Edward (1936). "Internal linguistic evidence suggestive of the Northern origin of the Navaho". American Anthropologist 38: 224–235 
  • Sapir, Edward (1944). "Grading: a study in semantics". Philosophy of Science (11): 93–116 
  • Sapir, Edward (1947). "The relation of American Indian linguistics to general linguistics". Southwestern Journal of Anthropology (1): 1–4 

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Edward Sapir". Encyclopædia Britannica 
  2. "Sapir, Edward," Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (2005).

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Cowan, William, Michael K. Foster, et Konrad Koerner. 1986. New perspectives in language, culture, and personality: Proceedings of the Edward Sapir Centenary Conference (Ottawa, 1–3 October 1984). Amstelodami: John Benjamins. ISBN 90-272-4522-3.
  • Koerner, E. F. K., et Konrad Koerner. 1985. Edward Sapir: Appraisals of his life and work. Amstelodami: John Benjamins. ISBN 978-90-272-4518-2.
  • Darnell, Regna. 1989. Edward Sapir: linguist, anthropologist, humanist. Berkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06678-6.
  • Darnell, R. 1998. Camelot at Yale: The Construction and Dismantling of the Sapirian Synthesis, 1931–39. American Anthropologist 100: 361–372.
  • Darnell, Regna. 2010. Edward Sapir: linguist, anthropologist, humanist. Cum nova praefatione ab auctore scripta. Lincolniae: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803224377.
  • Falk, Julia S. 1995. Words without grammar: linguists and the international language movement in the United States. Language and Communication 15(3): 241–259.
  • Golla, Victor, ed. 1984. The Sapir–Kroeber correspondence: Letters between Edward Sapir and A. L. Kroeber 1905–1925." Reports from the Survey of California and other Indian languages 6: 1–509. PDF.
  • Handler, Richard. 1984. Sapir's Poetic Experience. American Anthropologist N.S. 86(2): 416–417.
  • Haas, Mary R. 1953. Sapir and the Training of Anthropological Linguists. American Anthropologist 55: 447–450.
  • Malkiel, Yakov. 1981. Drift, Slope, and Slant: Background of, and Variations upon, a Sapirian Theme. Language 57(3): 535–70.
  • Moore, Jerry D. 2009. Edward Sapir: Culture, Language, and the Individual. In Visions of Culture: an Introduction to Anthropological Theories and Theorists, 88–104. Walnut Creek Californiae: Altamira.
  • Prston, Richard J. 1966. Edward Sapir's Anthropology: Style, Structure, and Method. American Anthropologist N.S. 68(5): 1105–28.
  • Sapir, Edward, et William Bright. 1992. Southern Paiute and Ute: linguistics and ethnography. Berolini: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-013543-5.
  • Sapir, Edward, Regna Darnell, Judith T. Irvine, et Richard Handler. 1999. The collected works of Edward Sapir: culture. Berolini: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-012639-6.

Nexus interni

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikiquote-logo.svg Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad Aduardum Sapir spectant.
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Eduardum Sapir spectant.