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Buddhismus Tibetanus

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Boudhanath, stupa in Kathmandu Nepaliae. Stupae mentem Buddhae significant.

Buddhismus Tibetanus, vel Lamaismus,[1] est corpus dogmatis religiosi et institutionum Buddhismi proprium Tibetani, Mongoliani, Tuvani, Bhutani, Kalmykiani, Buryatiani, et certarum regionum Himalayarum, inter quas Nepalia septentrionalis et India (praecipue in Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Dharamsala, Lahaul et Spiti districtus in Himachal Pradesh et Sikkim). Quod est religio civitatis Bhutaniae.[2] Etiam exercetur in Mongolia et regionibus Russiae (Kalmykiae, Buryatiae, Tuvae) et Sinarum Boreorienalium.

Geshe Konchog Wangdu, monachus Buddhisticus, sutras Mahayanas ex vetere exemplari Kangyur Tibetani in ligno scriptas legit.
Vajrasattva, deitas Vajrayāna.
Monaci in Monasterio Drepung disceptant.
Imago a libro de yogi Milarepa a W. Y. Evans-Wentz (1928:14) accommodata.
Kalu Rinpoche (dextra) et Lama Denys in Instituto Karma Ling in Comitatu Sabaudiano.
Monachus iuvenis Tibetanus vestimenta praecipua in Sikkim Indiae gerit (1991).

Textus religiosi et commentarii tam in canone Buddhistico Tibetano continentur ut lingua Tibetana classica sit lingua sacra harum regionum. Buddhismus Tibetanus dogma Vajrayana Indiae saeculi octavi conservat,[3] statum Buddhae petens, corpus arcuatum appellatum.[4]

Diaspora Tibetana Buddhismum Tibetanum ad multas civitates Occidentales extendit, ubi traditio populo grata saeculo vicensimo facta est.[5] Inter eius praestantes fautores est quartus decimus Dalai Lama. Numerus assectatorum inter decem et viginti milliones aestimatur.[6]

Scepticismus est proprietas Buddhismi Tibetani magni momenti.

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Nomen, olim adhibitum ad Buddhismum Tibetanum ab aliis traditionibus Buddhismi distinguendum, a Hegel et aliis eruditis Occidentalibus ante 1822 susceptum est (Lopez 1999:6, 19f). Nomen, tantopere ut intermissionem inter Buddhismum Indicum et Tibetanum significat, non iam creditur (Conze 1993).
  2. Relatio U.S. State Department de libertate religiosa in Bhutania (2007) affirmat "Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion" et respublica Bhutaniana ambas sectas sustinere (State.gov).
  3. White 2000:21.
  4. Powers 2007:392–3, 415.
  5. Statistics on Religion in America Report (Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life Survey, 2007).
  6. Adherents.com aestimat viginti milliones in Lamaism (Vajrayana/Tibetan/Tantric).

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Cabezón, José Ignacio. 2006. Tibetan Buddhist Society. In The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions, ed. Mark Juergensmeyer. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195137989.003.0010 Editio interretialis, Septembri 2009.
  • Coleman, Graham, ed. 1993. A Handbook of Tibetan Culture. Bostoniae: Shambhala Publications. ISBN 1570620024.
  • Conze, Edward. 1993. A Short History of Buddhism. Ed. 2a. Oneworld. ISBN 1851680667.
  • Dhargyey, Geshe Ngawang. 1978. Tibetan Tradition of Mental Development, ed. Alexander Berzin, secundum conversionem oralem a Sharpa Tulku datam. Editio 3a. Dharmsalae: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.
  • Dhargyey, Geshe Ngawang. 1982. An Anthology of Well-Spoken Advice on the Graded Paths of the Mind, vol. 1, ed. Alexander Berzin, secundum conversionem oralem a Sharpa Tulku datam. Dharmsalae: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives. ISBN 8186470298.
  • Hill, John E. 1988. Notes on the Dating of Khotanese History. Indo-Iranian Journal 13(3), Iulio.
  • Hopkins, Jeffrey. 1996. Meditation on Emptiness. Bostoniae: Wisdom. ISBN 0861711106.
  • Pha-boṅ-kha-pa Byams-pa-bstan-ʼdzin-ʼphrin-las-rgya-mtsho [Pabongka Rinpoche]. 2006. Rnam grol lag bcaṅs su gtod paʼi man ṅag zab mo tshaṅ la ma nor ba mtshuṅs med Chos kyi rgyal poʼi thugs bcud byaṅ chub lam gyi rim paʼi ñams khrid kyi zin bris gsuṅ rab kun gyi bcud bsdus gdams ṅag bdud rtsiʼi sñiṅ po: Liberation in the palm of your hand: a concise discourse on the path to enlightenment. Tibetanice editus a Trijang Rinpoche; in Anglicum conversus a Michael Richards; cum memoria Pabongka Rinpoche a Rilbur Rinpoche. Bostoniae: Wisdom Publications, 2006. ISBN 9780861715008.
  • Lati Rinpoche. 1980. Mind in Tibetan Buddhism: Oral Commentary on Ge-shay Jam-bel-sam-pel’s "Presentation of Awareness and Knowledge Composite of All the Important Points Opener of the Eye of New Intelligence. Conv. et ed. Elizabeth Napper. Valois Novi Eboraci: Snow Lion. ISBN 0937938025.
  • Lopez, Donald S. Jr. 1999. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226493113.
  • Mullin, Glenn H. 2008. Living in the Face of Death: The Tibetan Tradition. Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 9781559399081.
  • Nyanaponika Thera. 1965. The Heart of Buddhist Meditation. Bostoniae: Weiser. ISBN 0877280738.
  • Powers, John. 2004. History as Propaganda: Tibetan Exiles versus the People's Republic of China. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195174267.
  • Powers, John.2007. Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism. Editio retractata. Ithacae Novi Eboraci: Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 9781559392822.
  • Ringu Tulku. 2006. The Ri-Me Philosophy of Jamgon Kongtrul the Great: A Study of the Buddhist Lineages of Tibet. Bostoniae: Shambhala. ISBN 1590302869.
  • Smith, E. Gene. 2001. Among Tibetan Texts: History and Literature of the Himalayan Plateau. Bostoniae: Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0861711793.
  • Sopa, Geshe Lhundup, et Jeffrey Hopkins. 1977. Practice and Theory of Tibetan Buddhism. Dellii: B. I. Publications. ISBN 0091256216.
  • Tsomo, Karma Lekshe. 1999. Buddhist Women Across Cultures: Realizations. State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780791441381.
  • The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment.
  • Wallace, B. Alan. 1993. Tibetan Buddhism From the Ground Up: A Practical Approach for Modern Life. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0861710754. ISBN 9780861710751.
  • Wallace, B. Alan. 1999 The Buddhist Tradition of Samatha: Methods for Refining and Examining Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6(2-3):175-187.
  • White, David Gordon. 2000. Tantra in Practice. Editio retractata. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691057796.
  • Yeshe De Project. Ancient Tibet: Research Materials from The Yeshe De Project. Berkeleiae: Dharma Publishing. ISBN 0898001463.
  • Yeshe, Lama Thubten. 2001. The Essence of Tibetan Buddhism. Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive. ISBN 189186808X.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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