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Vajrayana

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Vajrayāna (Sanscritice वज्रयान), etiam Mantrayāna, Tantrayāna, Buddhismus Tibetanus, Buddhismus Tantricus, et Buddhismus Esotericus appellata, est copia variarum Buddhismi traditionum tantrá mantrisque secretis fundatarum, quae, in India mediaevali ortae, plerumque in Tibetum, Bhutaniam, Asiamque Orientalem serpserunt. Tantra Buddhistica in Tibeto Vajrayāna, in Sinis Tángmì Hanmi 漢密 (唐密 'Esotericismus Sinicus') vel Mìzōng (密宗 'Secta Esoterica'), in Pali Pyitsayãna, atque in Iaponia Mikkyō (密教 'doctrina secreta') appellatur.

Vajrae aeneae et tintinnabulum ex Itsukushima Iaponiae.

Vocabulum vajrayāna in 'vehiculum adamantis' vel 'vehiculum fulminis' in Latinum converti potest, vajram attingens, rem ritualem, in memoriam teli mythici redigentem, virgulae sceptrive similem, quae etiam instrumentum ritibus adhibetur.

Vajrayāna, a Mahāsiddhis Indiae mediaevalis condita, litteras Tantras Buddhisticas appellatas sibi assumit.[1] Mores exercitationesque amplectitur quae mantris, dharanis, mudris, mandalis, et deitatibus Buddhisque mente ante oculos allatis utuntur. Secundum scripturas antiquas, vocabulum vajrayāna unum ex tribus vehiculis vel vias ad humanitatem attingit, quarum aliae Śrāvakayāna (ineleganter Hīnayāna appellata) et Mahāyāna sunt.

Mahasiddhae in monasterio Palpung. Media parte, Putalipa, magnus adeptus, in spelunca sedens, imaginem Samvarae deitatis meditationis intuitur; laeva imaque parte, cultor scipionem calvariae (khaṭvāṅga) et cultrem (kartika) tenet.
Vajrayana varias deitates sicut Bhairavam, in Buddhismo Tibetano Yamantaka appellatam, sibi assumpsit.
Citipati, persona quae Mahākāla repraesentat.
Felix Tantra Unionis Omnicontingentis gentis Tangt.
Monaci caerimonias potestatis Kalachakrae anno 2003 Bodhgaya Indiae intersunt. Nonnullae potestatis ceremoniae magnos initiatorum concursus attrahere possunt.
Tibetana generis Chakrasamvara statua coniunctionem Yab-Yum cum Vajravārāhī coniuge pingit.

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Macmillan Publishing 2004: 875-876.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Akira, Hirakawa (1993), Paul Groner, ed., History of Indian Buddhism, Translated by Paul Groner, Dellii: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers .
  • Banerjee, S. C. (1977), Tantra in Bengal: A Study in Its Origin, Development and Influence, Manohar, ISBN 978-81-85425-63-4 .
  • Berzin, Alexander. 2002. Zwischen Freiheit und Unterwerfung: Chancen und Gefahren spiritueller Lehrer-Schüler-Beziehungen. März: Theseus Verlag. ISBN 3-89620-179-4.
  • Buswell, Robert E., ed. (2004), Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Macmillan Reference USA, ISBN 978-0-02-865910-7 
  • Datta, Amaresh (2006), The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature (Volume One (A To Devo), Volume 1, Sahitya Akademi publications, ISBN 978-81-260-1803-1 
  • Harding, Sarah (1996), Creation and Completion - Essential Points of Tantric Meditation, Bostoniae: Wisdom Publications 
  • Hawkins, Bradley K. (1999), Buddhism, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-21162-8 
  • Hua, Hsuan; Heng Chih; Heng Hsien; David Rounds; Ron Epstein, et al. (2003), The Shurangama Sutra - Sutra Text and Supplements with Commentary by the Venerable Master Hsuan Hua, Burlingame Californiae: Buddhist Text Translation Society, ISBN 978-0-88139-949-3 
  • Kitagawa, Joseph Mitsuo (2002), The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-7007-1762-0 
  • Macmillan Publishing (2004), Macmillan Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Macmillan Publishing 
  • Mishra, Baba; Dandasena, P. K. (2011), Settlement and urbanization in ancient Orissa 
  • Patrul Rinpoche (1994), Brown, Kerry; Sharma, Sima, eds., The Words of My Perfect Teacher (Tibetan title: kunzang lama'i shelung). Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. With a foreword by the Dalai Lama, Franciscopoli Californiae: HarperCollinsPublishers, ISBN 978-0-06-066449-7 
  • Ray, Reginald A (2001), Secret of the Vajra World: The Tantric Buddhism of Tibet, Bostoniae: Shambhala Publications 
  • Sarkar, Anil Kumar. 1993. The mysteries of Vajrayana Buddhism: from Atisha to Dalai Lama. Dellii: South Asian Publishers; Hayward Californiae: Distributed in the United States by Sarkar Publications & Intercultural Research Institute. ISBN 817003163X.
  • Schumann, Hans Wolfgang (1974), Buddhism: an outline of its teachings and schools, Theosophical Publishing House 
  • Snelling, John (1987), The Buddhist handbook. A Complete Guide to Buddhist Teaching and Practice, Londinii: Century Paperbacks 
  • Wardner, A. K. (1999), Indian Buddhism, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers 
  • Williams, Paul; Tribe, Anthony (2000), Buddhist Thought: A complete introduction to the Indian tradition, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-203-18593-3 

Bibliotheca addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Arnold, Edward A., pro Namgyal Monastery Institute of Buddhist Studies. 2009. As Long As Space Endures: Essays on the Kalacakra Tantra in Honor of H.H. the Dalai Lama. Praefatio Robert A. F. Thurman. Snow Lion Publications.
  • Banerji, S. C. (1977) 1992. Tantra in Bengal: A Study of Its Origin, Development and Influence. Ed. secunda. ISBN 8185425639.
  • Chögyam, Ngakpa, cum Khandro Déchen. 2003. Spectrum of ecstasy: embracing the five wisdom emotions of Vajrayana Buddhism. Bostoniae et Londinii: Shambhala. ISBN 1590300610.
  • Rongzom Chözang; Köppl, Heidi I. (trans) (2008). Establishing Appearances as Divine. Ithacae Novi Eboraci: Snow Lion. pp. 95–108. ISBN 9781559392884 
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon; Thrangu Rinpoche; Harding, Sarah (2002). Creation and Completion: Essential Points of Tantric Meditation. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 978-0-86171-312-7 
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon; Barron, Richard (1998). Buddhist Ethics. The Treasury of Knowledge (book 5). Ithaca: Snow Lion. pp. 215–306. ISBN 978-1-55939-191-7 
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon; Guarisco, Elio; McLeod, Ingrid (2004). Systems of Buddhist Tantra:The Indestructible Way of Secret Mantra. The Treasury of Knowledge (book 6 part 4). Ithaca: Snow Lion. ISBN 9781559392105 
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon; Guarisco, Elio; McLeod, Ingrid (2008). The Elements of Tantric Practice:A General Exposition of the Process of Meditation in the Indestructible Way of Secret Mantra. The Treasury of Knowledge (book 8 part 3). Ithaca: Snow Lion. ISBN 9781559393058 
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon; Harding, Sarah (2007). Esoteric Instructions: A Detailed Presentation of the Process of Meditation in Vajrayana. The Treasury of Knowledge (book 8 part 4). Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 978-1-55939-284-6 
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon; Barron, Richard (2010). Journey and Goal: An Analysis of the Spiritual Paths and Levels to be Traversed and the Consummate Fruition state.. The Treasury of Knowledge (books 9 & 10). Ithacae Novi Eboraci: Snow Lion Publications. pp. 159–251, 333–451. ISBN 978-1-55939-360-7 
  • Panchen, Ngari, et Dudjom Rinpoche. Perfect Conduct: Ascertaining the Three Vows. ISBN 0-86171-083-5.
  • Snellgrove, David L. 1987. Indo-Tibetan Buddhism. Indian Buddhists and Their Tibetan Successors. Londinii: Serindia.
  • Tson-Kha-Pa. Tantric Ethics: An Explanation of the Precepts for Buddhist Vajrayana Practice. ISBN 0-86171-290-0.
  • Wedemeyer, Christian K., ed. et interpres. 2007. Āryadeva's Lamp that Integrates the Practices (Caryāmelāpakapradīpa): The Gradual Path of Vajrayāna Buddhism according to the Esoteric Community Noble Tradition. Novi Eboraci: AIBS/Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-9753734-5-3.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]