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Antilocapra americana

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Antilocapra americana.jpg
Antilocapra americana mas adultus in Oregonia

Classis : Artiodactyla 
Superfamilia : Bovoidea 
Familia : Antilocapridae 
Subfamilia : Antilocaprinae 
Tribus : Antilocaprini 
Genus : Antilocapra 
Species : Antilocapra americana[1] 
   
Palaeontologia
2.5–0 m.a.
Pleistocaeno ineunte – Recens
Conservationis status

Antilocapra americana est species mammalium familiae Antilocapridarum ordinis Artiodactylorum, quae in occidentalibus mediisque Americae Septentrionalis regionibus interioribus endemica sunt.[3] Sola suae familiae species exstans est.[4]

Caput maris adulti.
Imago maris adulti.
Antilocaprae americanae in Fort Rock Oregoniae.
Grex Antilocaprarum americanarum.

Aevo Pleistocaeno, circa duodecim species in America Septentrionali vigebant.[5] Tria alia genera (Capromeryx,[6][7] Stockoceros,[8][9] et Tetrameryx[10]) exstabant cum homines sapientes in Americam Septentrionalem intrarent, sed nunc exstinctae sunt.

Antilocapra americana est signum Societatis Mammologistarum Americanae.[11]

Antilocapra americana est celerrimum animal terrestre in hemisphaerio occidentali. Forma corporis sinit ut praedatores efficienter currens fugiat. Currere potest 56 km/h per 6 km, 67 km/h per 1.6 km, et 88.5 km/h per 0.8 km.[12]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Formula:MSW3 Artiodactyla.
  2. IUCN (vide situs scientificos).
  3. Caton 1876.
  4. Hawes 2001.
  5. Smithsonian Institution. North American Mammals: Pronghorn Antilocapra americana
  6. "Capromeryx furcifer Matthew 1902". Paleobiology Database .
  7. "Capromeryx minor Taylor 1911". Paleobiology Database .
  8. "Stockoceros conklingi Stock 1930". Paleobiology Database .
  9. "Stockoceros onusrosagris Roosevelt and Burden 1934". Paleobiology Database .
  10. "Tetrameryx shuleri Lull 1921". Paleobiology Database 
  11. "About ASM | American Society of Mammalogists" (en). 16 Martii 2011 .
  12. Carwardine 2008: 11.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Bravo-Cuevas, Victor M., Eduardo Jiménez-Hidalgo, Miguel A. Cabral-Perdomo, et Jaime Priego-Vargas. 2013. "Taxonomy and paleobiological notes of the late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) antilocaprids (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Antilocapridae) from the state of Hidalgo, central Mexico." Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 30 (3): 601–613.
  • Brunton, B. B. 1998. "Kootenai." In Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 12: Plateau, ed. D. E. Walker, Jr., 223–28. Vasingtoniae: Smithsonian Institution ISBN 0-16-049514-8.
  • Bruchac, Joseph. 1992. Native American Animal Stories. Fulcrum Publishing. ISBN 978-1555911270.
  • Carwardine, Mark. 2008. Animal Records. Novi Eboraci: Sterling. ISBN 9781402756238.
  • Caton, J. D. 1876. "The American Antelope, or Prong Buck." The American Naturalist 10 (4): 193–205. JSTOR 2448724. doi:10.1086/271628. Editio interretialis.
  • Cutright, P. R. 2003. Lewis and Clark: Pioneering Naturalists. Lincolniae" University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-6434-2.
  • Guthrie, W., et J. Ferguson. 1815. A New Geographical, Historical, and Commercial Grammar and Present State of the Several Kingdoms of the World. Vol. 2. Philadelphiae: Johnson & Warner. Editio interretialis.
  • Hawes, Alex. 2001. "Pronghorns: Survivors of the American Savanna." In "Zoogoer" in Smithsonian. National Zoo. Archivum.
  • Rivals, Florent, et Gina M. Semprebon. 2006. "A comparison of the dietary habits of a large sample of the Pleistocene pronghorn Stockoceros onusrosagris from the Papago Springs Cave in Arizona tot he modern Antilocapra americana." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26 (2): 495–500.
  • Skinner, Morris F. 1942 "The fauna of Papago Springs Cave, Arizona and a study of Stockoceros with three new antilocaprines from Nebraska and Arizona." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 80: 143–220.
  • Webb, S. David. 1973. "Pliocene Pronghorns of Florida." Journal of Mammalogy 54 (1): 203–21.
  • White, Richard S. Jr., et Gary S. Morgan. 2011. "Rancholabrean Tramperos Creek Fauna, Union County, New Mexico, with a review of the occurence and paleobiology of Capromeryx in the Rancholabrean of New Mexico." New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 53: 641–51.
  • Woodger, E., et B. Toporov. 2004. Encyclopedia of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.[ Novi Eboraci: Facts On File. ISBN 978-1-4381-1023-3.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Antilocapram americanam spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Antilocapram americanam" apud Vicispecies.