Oliver Wendell Holmes (filius)

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Oliver Wendell Holmes (filius)


In office
4 Decembris 1902[1] – 12 Ianuarii 1932
Nominated by Theodorus Roosevelt
Preceded by Horatius Gray
Succeeded by Beniaminus N. Cardozo

In office
2 Augusti 1899 – 4 Decembris 1902
Appointed by Winthrop M. Crane
Preceded by Walbridge A. Field
Succeeded by Marcus Perrin Knowlton

In office
15 Decembris 1882 – 2 Augusti 1899
Appointed by Ioannes Davis Long
Preceded by Otis Lord
Succeeded by Gulielmus Loring

Born Martii 8, 1841(1841-03-08)
Bostoniae Massachusettae
Died Formula:Death date and age
Vasingtoniae
Spouse(s) Fanny Bowditch Dixwell
Military service
Allegiance Formula:USA
Service/branch Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank US-O3 insignia.svg Centurio
Unit 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.
Battles/wars Bellum Civile Americanum
Oliver Wendell Holmes circa 1872, anno aetatis suae 31.
Nominatio pro Iudice Magni Iudicii.
Commentarius qui dissentionem Holmesianam in re Abrams movit.

Oliver Wendell Holmes (8 Martii 18416 Martii 1935) fuit iurisconsultus Americanus qui Iudex Consociatus Iudicii Maximi Civitatum Foederatarum ab 1902 ad 1932, et Iudex Maximus Civitatum Foederatarum a Ianuario ad Februarium 1930 agens meruit. Pro ministerio diuturno, opinionibus pressis et sententiosi, atque observantia decretorum legum latorum electorum notus, unus fuit ex iudicibus Iudicii Maximi latissimis citatis, praecipue ob eius opinionem "periculum clarum et praesens," pro iudicio unanimo in re Schenck v. Civitates Foederatas (1919) edito, et est unus ex auctoritate gravissimis ex Americanis iuris communis iudicibus, multo honoratus vivus in Magna Britannia et Civitatibus Foederatis. Iudicio abiit post annos 90 et dies 309 natus, qua re fuit veterrimus iudex in historia Iudicii Maximi. Etiam iudex maximus meruit Iudicii Maximi Massachusettae, et Weldianus iurisprudentiae professor in Schola Iurisprudentiae Harvardiana fuit, cuius alumnus erat.

Holmes, magnopere motus a sua experientiis cum miles in Bello Civili Americano mereret, cogitationem legitimam Americanam ad realismum legitimum impellere adiuvit, ut in suo aphorismo summatim describitur: "Vita iurisprudentiae non logica, sed experientia fuit."[2][3] Generi scepticismi moralis favit, ac doctrinae iuris maturalis adversatus est, significantem in iurisprudentia Americana mutationem notans. Scripsit in uno ex notissimis decretis, sua dissentione in re Abrams v. United States (1919), Constitutionem Civitatum Foederatarum esse "experimentum, ut omnis vita experimentum est," [4] et credidit ex eo "debemus vigilantes in aeternum conatibus ad circumscribendas opiniones expressas quas fastidimus et credimus mortiferas esse."[5][6] Semper cum iudex Iudicii Maximi merebat, ad quod a Praeside Theodoro Roosevelt creatus est, conatibus favit ad instituendas ordinationes oeconomicas et latam libertatem loquendi suasit sub Prima Emendatio Constitutionis Civitatum Foedetarum. Ob has positiones, cum eius personalitate distincta et stilo scribendi, populo gratus homo praestabilis factus est, praecipue inter progressivos Americanos,[7] contra suam acerbitatem atram et quamquam repugnavit quibus de republica sentiebant.[8] Eius iurisprudentia multum cogitationis legitimae Americanae movit, non exclusis consensu iurisprudentiae qui regulantis Negotium Novum leges sustinet, scholisque auctoritate gravibus pragmatismi, studiorum legitimorum criticorum, et iuris et oeconomicae. Fuit unus ex paucissimis iudicibus iudicii maximi qui eruditus habetur; The Journal of Legal Studies eum agnovit unum ex tribus citatissimis saeculi vicensimi eruditis legitimis.[9]

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Federal Judicial Center: Oliver Wendell Holmes". 11 Decembris 2009 .
  2. Anglice: "The life of the law has not been logic; it has been experience."
  3. Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. (1881). The Common Law. I. Boston: Little, Brown and Company .
  4. Anglice: "an experiment, as all life is an experiment."
  5. Anglice: "we should be eternally vigilant against attempts to check the expression of opinions that we loathe and believe to be fraught with death."
  6. Abrams v. United States, 250 U.S. 616, 630 (1919).
  7. Louis Menand, ed., Pragmatism: A Reader (Novi Eboraci: Vintage Books, 1997), xxix.
  8. Jeffrey Rosen, "Brandeis's Seat, Kagan's Responsibility". New York Times, 2 Iulii 2010.
  9. Fred R. Shapiro (2000), "The Most-Cited Legal Scholars," Journal of Legal Studies 29(1):409–426 doi:10.1086/468080.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Alschuler, Albert W. 2002. Law Without Values: The Life, Work, and Legacy of Justice Holmes. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226015203.
  • Collins, Ronald K. L., ed. 2010. The Fundamental Holmes: A Free Speech Chronicle and Reader. Cambridge University Press.
  • Frankfurter, Felix. 1916. The Constitutional Opinions of Justice Holmes. Harvard Law Review 29(6):683–702. doi:10.2307/1326500.
  • Healy, Thomas. 2013. The Great Dissent: How Oliver Wendell Holmes Changed His Mind--and Changed the History of Free Speech in America. Novi Eboraci: Metropolitan Books. ISBN 0805094563.
  • Holmes, Oliver Wendell. 1995. The Collected Works of Justice Holmes, ed. S. Novick. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226349667.
  • Kearns Goodwin, Doris. 2005. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743270754.
  • Novick, Sheldon M. 1999, 2013. Honorable Justice: The Life of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Bostoniae: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0316613258.
  • Posner, Richard A., ed. 1992. The Essential Holmes: Selections from the Letters, Speeches, Judicial Opinions and Other Writings of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226675548.

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Abraham, Henry J. 1992. Justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court. Ed. 3a. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195065573.
  • Brown, Richard Maxwell. 1991. No Duty to Retreat: Violence and Values in American History and Society. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman Publishing Division of the University, by arrangement with Oxford University Press, Inc. ISBN 080612683.
  • Cushman, Clare. 2001. The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies,1789-1995. Ed. 2a. Supreme Court Historical Society (Congressional Quarterly Books. ISBN 1568021267; ISBN 9781568021263.
  • Frank, John P. 1995. The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions, ed. Leon Friedman et Fred L. Israel. Chelsea House Publishers. ISBN 0791013774, ISBN 9780791013779.
  • Hall, Kermit L., ed. 1992. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195058356; ISBN 9780195058352.
  • Lerner, Max, ed. 1945. The Mind and Faith of Justice Holmes: His Speeches, Essays, Letters and Judicial Opinions. Bostoniae: Little, Brown and Company.
  • Lewis, Anthony. 2007. Freedom for the Thought That We Hate: A Biography of the First Amendment. Novi Eboraci: Basic Books. ISBN 0465039170.
  • Martin, Fenton S., et Robert U. Goehlert. 1990. The U.S. Supreme Court: A Bibliography. Congressional Quarterly Books. ISBN 0871875543.
  • Menand, Louis. The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  • Urofsky, Melvin I. 1994. The Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary. Novi Eboraci: Garland Publishing. ISBN 0815311761; ISBN 9780815311768.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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