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Genji monogatari

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Textus e libro illuminato antiquissimo Genji monogatari, saeculo XII scripto

Genji monogatari (scilicet "Gesta Genji"; Iaponice 源氏物語) est mythistoria litterarum Iaponicarum antiqua et praeclarissima, saeculo XI ineunte a domina Murasaki composita.

Qui hoc opus "mythistoriam orbis terrarum primam" nuncupant aliarum litterarum obliviscuntur, Graecae, Latinae, Sanscritae, necnon mythistoriarum Iaponicarum antiquiorum. Multi autem "mythistoriam primam" adseverant "psychologicam" et "modernam": protagonista enim Genji pleniter describitur et verisimiliter evolvitur; personae aliae bene characterizantur; vitae personarum fere quadringentorum ab auctore congruenter diriguntur.

Illuminatio cap. 15 蓬生 Yomogiu ("Malae herbae") e serie saec. 12 Genji monogatari emaki apud Museum Artium Tokugawa
Illuminatio cap. 16 -- 関屋 Sekiya ("Summo") e serie Genji monogatari emaki
Illuminatio cap. 37 -- 横笛 Yokobue ("Tibia") e serie Genji monogatari emaki
Illuminatio cap. 39 -- 夕霧 Yūgiri ("Bruma") e serie Genji monogatari emaki
Illuminatio cap. 48 -- 早蕨 Sawarabi ("Filices") e serie Genji monogatari emaki
Illuminatio cap. 48 -- 宿り木 Yadorigi ("Hedera") e serie Genji monogatari emaki
Illuminatio cap. 50 -- 東屋 Azumaya ("Casa orientalis") e serie Genji monogatari emaki

Ratio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Describitur vita tota filii cuiusdam imperatoris Iaponici saeculo fere X florentis. Filius lectoribus nomine Hikaru Genji ("Genji lucens") notus est, quod nomen (Genji, 源氏) homographum est verae familiae Minamoto-no-Uji (源の氏). Ob rationes aulae imperialis Genji ab optimatis eiectus est et, cognomen Minamoto gerens, munus officiale accipit; formosus est et a multis mulieribus amatus.

Stilus et indoles[recensere | fontem recensere]

Eo tempore apud aulam imperialem nomina vera hominum haud enuntiata sunt. Personae igitur huius mythistoriae nomina non habent: viri ab officio seu munere nuncupantur; mulieres a colore vestium, a verbis seu rebus recordatis, vel ab officio patris; et interdum una persona agnominibus variis per mythistoriam notatur. In colloquiis carmina crebriter citantur saepeque allusiones recelant; quae carmina lectoribus primordialibus bene nota igiturque partim omissa studentibus hodiernis satis obscura manent. Scriptrix verbis Sinicis mutuatis satis paucis usa est (rebus politicis et religiosis exceptis), aut quia lectoribus praecipue femininis adloquebatur eruditionem classicam carentibus, aut quia talia verba in sermonibus familiaribus eo tempore minime adhibebantur. Ita sermo mythistoriae valde differt a stilo hodierno Iaponico; grammatica etiam linguae mediaevalis Iaponicae in multis rebus a moderna discrepat.

Origo et fortuna[recensere | fontem recensere]

Gesta Genji iam exstabat, sed incompleta, anno 1008; eo fere anno (si ephemeridi scriptricis credimus) ipsa a familiaribus "Murasaki" cognominata est ex appellatione personae cuiusdam femininae Genji amasiae. Ante annum 1021 completa est; domina enim Sarashina eo anno, secundum ephemeridem suam, de adquisitionem exemplaris mythistoriae gaudet, capitula plura quam quinquaginta comprehendentis.[1] Sed an mythistoria tota a Murasaki scripta sit, haud liquet.

Editiones[recensere | fontem recensere]

Versiones[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Cf. The Diary of Lady Murasaki ed. Richard Bowring (2005) p. 31 n. 41

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Genji monogatari spectant.
Illuminatio cap. 5 -- 若紫 Wakamurasaki ("Murasaki iuvenis") a Tosa Mitsuoki saec. XVII pictus
Illuminatio cap. 20 -- 朝顔 Asagao ("Campanula") a Tosa Mitsuoki picta
Illuminatio cap. 42 -- 匂宮 Niō no Miya ("Princeps aromatizatus") a Tosa Mitsuoki pictus

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

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  • Pekarik, Andrew (1982). Ukifune : Love in the Tale of Genji. New York: Columbia University Press
  • Puette, William J (1983). Guide to the Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu. Rutland, Vt: C.E. Tuttle
  • Rowley, Gillian Gaye (2000). Yosano Akiko and the Tale of Genji. Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan
  • Seidensticker, Edward G. (1976). The Tale of Genji. 1. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-4-8053-0919-3
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  • Shirane, Haruo (1987). The Bridge of Dreams: A Poetics of the Tale of Genji. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press
  • Shirane, Haruo (2008). Envisioning the Tale of Genji: Media, Gender, and Cultural Production. New York: Columbia University Press
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