Aegyptus antiqua

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Sphinx et pyramidae Gizenses sunt inter notissima signa civilizationis Aegypti antiquae.
Tabula Aegypti antiquae maiores urbes et locos temporum domuum regalium (circa 3150 ad 30 a.C.n.)
Peregrinatores prae pyramides Gizenses camelum vehuntur.
In Plana Gizensi, peregrinator subsidit.
Proelium inter regem Tutenchamun et homines quosdam Asiae, in ebure pictum saeculo 14 a.C.n.

Aegyptus antiqua fuit civilizatio antiqua Africae inter septentriones et orientem, in unum secundum ripas inferiores Fluminis Nili collatum, in terra quae nunc est Aegyptus, civitas hodierna. Civilizatio Agyptia circa 3150 a.C.n. secundum chronologiam Aegyptiam coaluit,[1] Aegypto Superiore et Inferiore sub primo pharaone civilitate coniunctis.[2] Historia Aegypti antiquae in serie regnorum constantium facta est, a temporibus inconstantiae interregna vel temporibus mediis appellatis separatorum: in Regno Vetere Aetatis Aeneae Ineuntis, Regno Medio Aetatis Aeneae Mediae, Regno Novo Aetatis Aeneae Exeuntis. Aegyptus fastigium potestatis per Regnum Novum attigit, tempore Ramessido, postquam lentam coepit deminutionem. Terra a continuatione potestatum externarum, inter quas Libya, Nubia, Assyria, Babylonia, Imperium Achaemenidarum, et Macedonia , Tertio Aevo Medio et Aevo Tardo invasa vel superata est. Alexandro Magno morte, Ptolemaeus Soter, unus ex eius legatis, se ut novus Aegypti rector instituit; Domus Ptolemaica deinde civitatem temperavit usque ad 30 a.C.n., cum ab Imperio Romano victa, provincia Romana facta est.[3]

Multos deos venerabantur Aegyptii antiqui; rex, quem humanam Hori dei incarnationem esse putabant, pharao appellatus est. Regnum anno 31 a.C.n., vero iam Imperio Romano subiectum, post pugnam Actiacam, interiit.

Historia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Historia Aegypti antiquae est plerumque ita divisa

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Chronology". Digital Egypt for Universities, University College London .
  2. Dodson (2004) p. 46.
  3. Clayton (1994), p. 217.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Aldred, Cyril (1988). Akhenaten, King of Egypt. Londinii: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05048-1 
  • Allen, James P. (2000). Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. Cantabrigiae, BR: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-77483-7 
  • Badawy, Alexander (1968). A History of Egyptian Architecture. Vol III. Berkeleiae Californiae: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-00057-9 
  • Billard, Jules B. (1978). Ancient Egypt: Discovering its Splendors. Washington D.C.: National Geographic Society 
  • Cerny, J (1975). Egypt from the Death of Ramesses III to the End of the Twenty-First Dynasty' in The Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1380–1000 BC. Cantabrigiae, BR: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-08691-4 
  • Clarke, Somers; R. Engelbach (1990). Ancient Egyptian Construction and Architecture. Novi Eboraci: Dover Publications, Unabridged Dover reprint of Ancient Egyptian Masonry: The Building Craft, primum ab Oxford University Press/Humphrey Milford, Londinii, editus (1930). ISBN 0-486-26485-8 
  • Clayton, Peter A. (1994). Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Londinii: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05074-0 
  • Cline, Eric H.; O'Connor, David Kevin (2001). Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. p. 273. ISBN 0-472-08833-5 
  • Dodson, Aidan (1991). Egyptian Rock Cut Tombs. Buckinghamshire, BR: Shire Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-7478-0128-2 
  • Dodson, Aidan; Hilton, Dyan (2004). The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Londinii: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05128-3 
  • El-Daly, Okasha (2005). Egyptology: The Missing Millennium. Londinii: UCL Press. ISBN 1-84472-062-4 
  • Filer, Joyce (1996). Disease. Austin, Texiae: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-72498-5 
  • Gardiner, Sir Alan (1957). Egyptian Grammar: Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs. Oxoniae: Griffith Institute. ISBN 0-900416-35-1 
  • Hayes, W. C. (October 1964). "Most Ancient Egypt: Chapter III. The Neolithic and Chalcolithic Communities of Northern Egypt". JNES 23: 217–272 
  • Imhausen, Annette; Eleanor Robson, Joseph W. Dauben, Kim Plofker, J. Lennart Berggren, Victor J. Katz (2007). The Mathematics of Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam: A Sourcebook. Princetoniae: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-11485-4 
  • James, T.G.H. (2005). The British Museum Concise Introduction to Ancient Egypt. Ann Arbor, Michiganiae: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-03137-6 
  • Kemp, Barry (1991). Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization. Londinii: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-06346-9 
  • Lichtheim, Miriam (1975). Ancient Egyptian Literature, vol 1. Londinii: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-02899-6 
  • Lichtheim, Miriam (1980). Ancient Egyptian Literature, A Book of Readings. Vol III: The Late Period. Berkeleiae Californiae: University of California Press 
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995a). Ancient Egyptian: A linguistic introduction. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-44849-2 
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995b). "Ancient Egyptian and other Afroasiatic Languages". In Sasson, J. M.. Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. 4. Novi Eboraci: Charles Scribner. pp. 2137–2150. ISBN 1-56563-607-4 
  • Loprieno, Antonio (2004). "Ancient Egyptian and Coptic". In Woodward, Roger D.. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. pp. 160–192. ISBN 0-521-56256-2 
  • Lucas, Alfred (1962). Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, ed. 4a. Londinii: Edward Arnold Publishers. ISBN 1-85417-046-5 
  • Mallory-Greenough, Leanne M. (2002). "The Geographical, Spatial, and Temporal Distribution of Predynastic and First Dynasty Basalt Vessels". The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology (Londinii: Egypt Exploration Society) 88: 67–93 
  • Manuelian, Peter Der (1998). Egypt: The World of the Pharaohs. Bonner Straße, Cologne Germany: Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH. ISBN 3-89508-913-3 
  • McDowell, A. G. (1999). Village life in ancient Egypt: laundry lists and love songs. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-814998-0 
  • Meskell, Lynn (2004). Object Worlds in Ancient Egypt: Material Biographies Past and Present (Materializing Culture). Oxoniae: Berg Publishers. ISBN 1-85973-867-2 
  • Midant-Reynes, Béatrix (2000). The Prehistory of Egypt: From the First Egyptians to the First Pharaohs. Oxoniae: Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 0-631-21787-8 
  • Nicholson, Paul T. (2000). Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45257-0 
  • Oakes, Lorna (2003). Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Reference to the Myths, Religions, Pyramids and Temples of the Land of the Pharaohs. Novi Eboraci: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 0-7607-4943-4 
  • Robins, Gay (2000). The Art of Ancient Egypt. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-00376-4 
  • Ryholt, Kim (January 1997). The Political Situation in Egypt During the Second Intermediate Period. Copenhagen, Denmark: Museum Tusculanum. ISBN 87-7289-421-0 
  • Scheel, Bernd (1989). Egyptian Metalworking and Tools. Haverfordwest, Great Britain: Shire Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-7478-0001-4 
  • Shaw, Ian (2003). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-500-05074-0 
  • Siliotti, Alberto (1998). The Discovery of Ancient Egypt. Edison, Novae Caesareae: Book Sales, Inc. ISBN 0-7858-1360-8 
  • Strouhal, Eugen (1989). Life in Ancient Egypt. Norman, Oklahomae: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2475-X 
  • Tyldesley, Joyce A. (2001). Ramesses: Egypt's greatest pharaoh. Harmondsworth Angliae: Penguin. pp. 76–77. ISBN 0-14-028097-9 
  • Vittman, G. (1991). "Zum koptischen Sprachgut im Ägyptisch-Arabisch". Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (Vindobonae: Institut für Orientalistik, Vienna University) 81: 197–227 
  • Walbank, Frank William (1984). The Cambridge ancient history. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23445-X 
  • Wasserman, James; Faulkner, Raymond Oliver; Goelet, Ogden; Von Dassow, Eva (1994). The Egyptian Book of the dead, the Book of going forth by day: being the Papyrus of Ani. Franciscopole Californiae: Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-0767-3 
  • Wilkinson, R. H. (2000). The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt. Londinii: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05100-3 

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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