Vihara

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Vihāra
Vihara in spelunca Kanha inter speluncas Nasik ex saeculo primo a.C.n. est una ex primis.[1]
Spelunca quarta inter speluncas Ajanta ex saeculo quinto, statua Buddhae in media cellula posita.
Forma speluncae primae apud speluncas Ajanta, magnam aulam ad orandum et vivendum ex saeculo quinto dicatam.
Vihara, in proximo wihan appellata, Wat Chedi Luang in Thailandia septentrionali exstructa.

Vihāra (Sanscritice विहार) plerumque est monasterium renuntiatorum Buddhisticorum (bhikkhu), quae notio antiqua in primis textibus Sanscriticis Palicisque invenitur, ubi ullum spatii vel loci voluptatis oblectationisque ordinem significat.[2] [3] Notio conceptum in architectura facta est, ubi ad textum monachorum pertinet, plerumque ad spatium apertum vel peristylium, praecipue in Buddhismo. Quod vocabulum etiam in litteris Ajivika?, Hinduicis, et Iainisticis[4] legitur.

Pinacotheca[recensere | fontem recensere]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Sharon La Boda (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. Taylor & Francis. p. 625. ISBN 978-1-884964-04-6 .
  2. Monier Williams 1872: 1003.
  3. Lahiri 2015: 181–83.
  4. Dundas 2003.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Chakrabarti, Dilip K. 1995. "Buddhist Sites across South Asia as Influenced by Political and Economic Force.s" World Archaeology 27, no. 2 (October): 185–202.
  • Dundas, Paul. 2003. The Jains. Routledge. ISBN 1-134-50165-X. doi:10.1080/00438243.1995.9980303. JSTOR 125081. Google Books.
  • Harle, J. C. 1994. The Art and Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent. Ed. secunda. Pelican History of Art. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300062176.
  • Khettry, Sarita. 2006. Buddhism in North-Western India: Up to C. A.D. 650. Kolkata: R.N. Bhattacharya. ISBN 978-81-87661-57-3.
  • Lahiri, Nayanjot. 2015. Ashoka in Ancient India. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-91525-1.
  • Michell, George. 1989. Buddhist, Jain, Hindu. The Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, 1. Penguin Books. ISBN 0140081445.
  • Mitra, D. 1971. Buddhist Monuments. Calcutta: Sahitya Samsad. ISBN 0-89684-490-0.
  • Monier-Williams, Monier. 1872. A Sanskṛit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to Greek, Latin, Gothic, German, Anglo-Saxon, and other cognate Indo-European languages. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
  • Rajan, K. V. Soundara. 1998. Rock-Cut Temple Styles: Early Pandyan Art and the Ellora Shrines. Mumbai: Somaiya Publications. ISBN 81-7039-218-7.
  • Tadgell, C. 1990. The History of Architecture in India: From the Dawn of Civilization to the End of the Raj. Londinii: Phaidon. ISBN 1-85454-350-4.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad viharas spectant (Viharas, Buddhist monasteries).