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Tulsidas

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Statua Tulsidas ad Kanch Mandir, Tulsi Peeth, Chitrakuta in India.

Tulsidas[1] (Hindi तुलसीदास, IPA |t̪ʊls̪iːd̪aːs̪|hi), etiam Goswami Tulsidas (गोस्वामी तुलसीदास) appellatus[2] (1511[3]1623), secundum interpretationem Indicam anima ad exitum perducta et sanctus, fuit poeta saepe emendator et philosophus Ramanandi Sampradaya sectae Hindicae aestimatus, generis Jagadguru Ramanandacharyae, devotionis domini Ramae causa clarissimus. Qui nonnulla opera populo grata Sanscritice et Awadhice conscripsit, epicoque Ramacharitamanasa innotuit, poemate quod Ramayanam Sanscriticam in vita Ramae condita narrat Awadhice, dialectice Hindice expressa. Bhavishya Purana etiam incarnationem Shri Valmiki sicut Goswami Tulsidas in Kaliyuga etiam praedicit. [4][5]

Tulsidas, imago in Ramcharitmanas prolata (Gai Ghat Benaras: Sri Ganga Publishers, 1949).
Ramcharitmanas, locus natalis.
Rama, patronus Tulsidas (media parte) cum Sita uxore (laeva parte) et Lakshamana fratre (dextra parte), Hanuman se domino dimittente.
Quidam princeps Mogolicus Tulsidas salutat. Tabula e domu Sisodia ex Udaipur in Mewar saeculo duodevicensimo ineunte.
Tulsidas unum ex eius operibus composit. Statua ad Saint Tulsidas Municipal Inter College, Soron in districtu Kasganj in India.
Versus e Ramcharitmanas qui Saguna Brahman cum Nirguna Brahman aequiparat, ad aditum cuiusdam templi Bhopal in urbe sita.
Versus in Ramcharitmanas ad exordium partis Nam-vandana nomen Ramae laudibus efferunt (Manas Mandir, Chitrakoot Indiae).

Tulsidas natus est nomine Rambola ut videtur Soron in urbe Kasganj, unius e districtibus Uttar Pradesh, anno 1532.[3] Mortem obiit Assi Ghat, Varanasi, Awadh Subah in Imperio Mogolico (hodierno Uttar Pradesh) anno 1623.

Tulsidas vivus reincarnatio Valmiki aestimabatur, qui primam Ramayana Sanscritice composuerat.[6] Etiam existimatur compositor Hanuman Chalisa, hymni devotionalis populo grati qui Hanuman dedicatur, divino domini Ramae cultori.[7]

Tulsidas plurimum suae vitae Varanasi in urbe sacra Uttar Pradesh degebat,[8] ubi Tulsi Ghat in ripis fluminis Gangis ex eo appellatur.[2] Templum Sankatmochan, Hanuman dedicatum, Varanasis exstrui iussit, quod homines in loco ubi Tulsidas Hanuman vidit patere credunt.[9] Tulsidas ludos de Ramlila instituit, vulgares Ramayanae commodationes theatricas.[10]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Warning icon.svg Fons nominis Latini desideratur (addito fonte, hanc formulam remove)
  2. 2.0 2.1 de Bruyn et al. 2010: 471.
  3. 3.0 3.1 pp. 23–34.
  4. PDF.
  5. Vide H. G. Shriman, Chandra Govind Das of the Iskcon Temple, apud pellicula in YouTube.
  6. Lutgendorf 2007, p. 293.
  7. Rambhadracharya 2008: 306.
  8. Prasad 2008: 857, Mata Prasad Gupta citans, qui dixit: "Although he paid occasional visits to several places of pilgrimage associated with Rama, his permanent residence was in Kashi".
  9. Callewaert et Schilder 2000: 90.
  10. Handoo 1964: 128: "This book . . . is also a drama, because Goswami Tulasidasa started his Ram Lila on the basis of this book, which even now is performed in the same manner everywhere."

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Callewaert, Winand M., et Robert Schilder. 2000. Banaras: Vision of a Living Ancient Tradition. Dellii: Hemkunt Press. ISBN 9788170103028.
  • de Bruyn, Pippa, Keith Bain, David Allardice, et Shonar Joshi. 2010. Frommer's India. Hoboken Novae Caesareae: John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 9780470602645.*Dwivedi, Hazari Prasad. 2008. हिन्दी साहित्य की भूमिका [Praefatio ad litteras Hindicas]. Dellii: Rajkamal Prakashan/. ISBN 9788126705795.
  • Dwivedi, Hazari Prasad. 2009. हिन्दी साहित्य: उद्भव और विकास [Litterae Hindicae: Ortus et Progressus]. Dellii: Rajkamal Prakashan. ISBN 9788126700356.
  • Gita Press. 2004. Śrīrāmacaritamānasa or The Mānasa lake brimming over with the exploits of Śrī Rāma. Textus Hindicus et Anglicus. Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh: Gita Press. ISBN 8129301466.
  • Gita Press. 2007. श्रीरामचरितमानस मूल गुटका (विशिष्ट संस्करण)[Śrīrāmacaritamānasa Liber Primus, editio praecipua]. Ed, 9a. Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh: Gita Press. ISBN 8129310902.
  • Growse, Frederic Salmon. 1914. The Rámáyana of Tulsi Dás. Ed. 6a, retractata et emendata. Allahabad Indiae: Ram Narain Lal Publisher and Bookseller.
  • Handoo, Chandra Kumari. 1964. Tulasīdāsa: Poet, Saint and Philosopher of the Sixteenth Century. Bombay, Maharashtrae: Orient Longmans. ASIN B001B3IYU8.
  • Indradevnarayan. (1937) 1996. कवितावली [Collectio Kavittarum]. Ed. 47a. Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh: Gita Press.
  • Lamb, Ramdas. 2002. Rapt in the Name: The Ramnamis, Ramnam, and Untouchable Religion in Central India. Albaniae Novi Eboraci: State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780791453858.
  • Lutgendorf, Philip. 1991. The Life of a Text: Performing the 'Ramcaritmanas' of Tulsidas. Berkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520066908.
  • Lutgendorf, Philip. 2007. Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey. Ed. illustrata. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195309218.
  • Macfie, J. M. 2004. The Ramayan of Tulsidas or the Bible of Northern India. Whitefish Montanae: Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 9781417914982.
  • Mishra, Jwalaprasad. (1858) 2010. श्रीगोस्वामितुलसीदासजीकृत रामायण: विद्यावारिधि पं० ज्वालाप्रसादजीमिश्रकृत संजीवनीटीकासहित [Ramayana a Goswami Tulsidas composita: cum commentariis Sanjivani a Vidyavaridhi Pandit Jwalaprasad Mishra compositis.] Mumbai: Khemraj Shrikrishnadass.
  • Pandey, Ram Ganesh. (2003) 2008. तुलसी जन्म भूमि: शोध समीक्षा [Locus natalis Tulasidasae: Investigationes.] Editio emendata et aucta. Chitrakuta Uttar Pradesh: Bharati Bhavan Publication.
  • Poddar, Hanuman Prasad. (1940) 1996. दोहावली [Collectio Dohas]. Ed. 37a. Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh: Gita Press.
  • Poddar, Hanuman Prasad. (1921) 1997. विनयपत्रिका [Petitio Humilitatis]. Ed. 47a. Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh: Gita Press.
  • Prasad, Ram Chandra. (1988) 2008. Tulasidasa's Shri Ramacharitamanasa: The Holy Lake of the Acts of Rama. Editio reimpressa et illustrata. Dellii: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9788120804432.
  • Ralhan, O. P. 1997. The great gurus of the Sikhs. Vol. Dellii: Anmol Publications. ISBN 9788174884794.
  • Rambhadracharya, Swami. 2008. श्रीरामचरितमानस – भावार्थबोधिनी हिन्दी टीका (तुलसीपीठ संस्करण) [Śrīrāmacaritamānasa: Commentarius Bhāvārthabodhinī Hindicus]. Editio Tulasīpīṭhana. Ed. 3a. Chitrakuta Uttar Pradesh: Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University.
  • Shukla, Usha Devi. 2002. Gosvāmī Tulasīdāsa and the Rāmacaritamānasa: Rāmacaritamānasa in South Africa. Dellii: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9788120818934.
  • Singh, Uday Bhanu. 2005. तुलसी [Tulsidas]. Dellii: India: Rajkamal Prakashan. ISBN 9788171197361.
  • Singh, Uday Bhanu. 2008. तुलसी काव्य मीमांसा [Investigatio Poesis Tulsidasianae]. Dellii: Rajkamal Prakashan. ISBN 9788171196869.*Tripathi,
  • Tripathi, Shiva Kumar. 2004. A Garden of Deeds: Ramacharitmanas, a Message of Human Ethics. Bloomingtoniae Indianae: iUniverse. ISBN 9780595307920.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikiquote-logo.svg Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad Tulsidas spectant.