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Tinamidae

E Vicipaedia
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Stavenn Eudromia elegans 00.jpg

Subphylum : Vertebrata 
Superclassis : Tetrapoda 
Classis : Aves 
Infraclassis : Palaeognathae 
Ordo : Tinamiformes 
Familia : Tinamidae 
   
Palaeontologia
Miocaenum – Recens 10–0 m.a.
Synonyma
* Crypturidae Bonaparte, 1831
  • Tinamotidae Bonaparte, 1854
  • Eudromiidae Bonaparte, 1854
  • Rhynchotidae von Boetticher, 1934
Species typica
Territorium

Tinamidae sunt familiae avium, sola ordinis Tinamiformium familia, cui sunt duae subfamiliae distinctae, quadraginta sex species comprehendens, quae in Mexico, America Media, et America Australi inveniuntur. Nomen ex tinamu, vocabulo Galibiano, in una ex linguis Caribanis, deducitur.[1] Tinamidae grex sororalis palaeognatharum sine volatu usitate putabantur, sed investigationes recentiores eas intra radiationem palaeognatharum commode ponunt, quod significat palaeognathas basales volare potuisse.[2] Tinamidae inter fossilia primum aevo Miocaeno apparent. Plerumque sedentariae in solo habitare solent, et, quamquam non sine volatu, volatum evitant et periculum aufugire malunt. Inveniuntur in variis habitationibus naturalibus, a terris graminosis semiaridis alpinisque ad tropicas silvas pluviales. Binae subfamiliae habitatione late distinguuntur, Nothurinis tinanimidis stepparum vel agrorum apertorum, Tinaminis tinamidis silvarum vulgo appellatis.

Coniunctiones geneticae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Cladogramma generum Tinamidarum insequitur, secundum data morphologica et moleculare, a Bertelli & Porzecanski enodata (2004).[3]

Tinamidae
Tinaminae

Nothocercus




Crypturellus



Tinamus




Nothurinae


Tinamotis



Eudromia





Rhynchotus





Nothoprocta




Nothura



Taoniscus








Species ordine taxinomico digestae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Signa status conservationis:[4]

Ordo Tinamiformes Huxley 1872 [Crypturi Goodchild 1891; Dromaeomorphae Huxley 1867]
Familia Tinamidae[5][6][7]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Davies, S. J. J. F. 2002. Ratites and tinamous : Tinamidae, Rheidae, Dromaiidae, Casuariidae, Apterygidae, Struthionidae. Laminae colorata Michael J. Bamford; adumbrationes et tabulae geographicae Danika Loomes. Oxoniae et Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198549962
  • Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003). Hutchins, Michael. ed. Tinamous. 8: Birds I: Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (secunda ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–59. ISBN 978-0-7876-5784-0 
  • Farmer, Donald, ed. (1985). Avian Biology. 8. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0323157995 
  • Gauthier, J.; de Queiroz, K. (2001). "Feathered dinosaurs, flying dinosaurs, crown dinosaurs, and the name "Aves"". In Gauthier, J.; Gall, L. F.. New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium in Honor of John H. Ostrom. The Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. pp. 7–41. ISBN 978-0-912532-57-8 
  • Gotch, A. F. (1995) [1979]. "Tinamous". Latin Names Explained. A Guide to the Scientific Classifications of Reptiles, Birds & Mammals. London, UK: Facts on File. ISBN 978-0-8160-3377-5 
  • Hackett, Shannon J.; Kimball, Rebecca T.; Reddy, Sushma; Bowie, Rauri C. K.; Braun, Edward L.; Braun, Michael J.; Chojnowski, Jena L.; Cox, W. Andrew et al (2008). "A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history". Science 320 (1763): 1763–68 
  • Harshman, John; Braun, Edward L.; Braun, Michael J.; Huddleston, Christopher J.; Bowie, Rauri C. K.; Chojnowski, Jena L.; Hackett, Shannon J.; Han, Kin-Lan et al (2008). "Phylogenomic evidence for multiple losses of flight in ratite birds". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (36): 13462–67 
  • Howard, Laura (2003). "Tinamiformes (on-line)". Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 
  • IUCN, ed. (2012). "Table 4a: Red List Category summary for all animal classes and orders". IUCN 
  • Jaramillo, A.; Johnson, M. T. J.; Rothfels, C. R.; Johnson, R. A. (2008). "The native and exotic avifauna of Easter Island: then and now". Boletin Chileno de Ornitologia 14: 8–21 
  • Mitchell, K. J.; Llamas, B.; Soubrier, J.; Rawlence, N. J.; Worthy, T. H.; Wood, J.; Lee, M. S. Y.; Cooper, A. (2014-05-23). "Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution". Science 344 (6186): 898–900 
  • Phillips, Matthew J., Gillian C. Gibb, | Elizabeth A. Crimp, et David Penny. 2010. "Tinamous and Moa Flock Together: Mitochondrial Genome Sequence Analysis Reveals Independent Losses of Flight among Ratites." Systematic Biology 59 (1): 90–107. Editio interretialis. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syp079. PMID 20525622.
  • Remsen Jr., J. V.; Donegan, Thomas (2008). "Classification of birds of South America Part 01". South American Classification Committee. American Ornithologists' Union. p. Proposal 209–211 
  • Sick, H. (1993). Birds in Brazil, a Natural History. Princeton Novae Caesareae: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691085692 
  • University of Georgia (2008). "Ecology". Tinamou Research Group. University of Georgia 

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Tinamidas spectant.
Wikispecies-logo.svg Vide "Tinamiformes" apud Vicispecies.