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Tamerlanes

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Statua Tamerlanis. Forensica refectio facialis ab M. Gerasimov anno 1941 effecta.
Tabula geographica imperii Tamerlanis.

Tamerlanes[1][2] (lingua Chagatai? تيمور Temür 'ferrum'; natus 9 Aprilis 1336; mortuus 1719 Februarii 1405), postea Timūr Gurkānī (Chagatai تيمور کورگن Temür Küregen[3]), nomine aliquando Taimur scripto, in historia plerumque Amir Timur appellatus (Persice تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang; Chagatai اقساق تیمور Aqsaq Temür,[4]; Anglice Tamerlane 'Temür Claudus'), fuit conquestor Turco-Mongolicus, qui Imperium Timuridum in et circa Afganiam, Iraniam, et Asiam Mediam condidit, primus domus Timuridarum rector. Imperator invictus late putatur unus ex maximis mundi ducibus exercituum et rei militaris peritis.[5][6] Etiam habetur magnus artis architecturaeque patronus, qui Ibn Khaldun, Hafiz-i Abru, aliisque hominibus magnae mentis de facie utebatur, atque eius regnum Renascentiam Timuridarum introduxit.[5]

Nexus interni

Nota[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Ei sunt multa nomina secundum sermones, exempli gratia, Tīmür bin Taraghay Barlas, Temur, Taimur, Timur Lenk, Timur-i Leng, Temur -e Lang, Amir Timur, Aqsaq Timur, Tamerlano, et Tamburlaine.
  2. Attestatio Latini nominis: De Tamerlanis Parthi rebus gestis. Ibidem etiam: Tamerlanus. Alia nomina Latina: Timurus ([1]), Temurlenus ([2]), Tamburlanus ([3]).
  3. Heissig, Walther; Sagaster, Klaus (1989). Gedanke und Wirkung: Festschrift zum 90. Geburtstag von Nikolaus Poppe. ISBN 9783447028936 .
  4. Johanson, Lars (1998). The Turkic Languages. Routledge. p. 27. ISBN 0-415-08200-5 .
  5. 5.0 5.1 Marozzi, Justin (2004). Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, conqueror of the world. HarperCollins .
  6. Josef W. Meri (2005). Medieval Islamic Civilization. Routledge. p. 812. ISBN 9780415966900 .

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Knobler, Adam. 1995. "The Rise of Tīmūr and Western Diplomatic Response, 1390–1405." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Third Series 5 (3): 341–49. doi:10.1017/S135618630000660X.
  • Knobler, Adam. 2001. "Timur the (Terrible/Tartar) Trope: a Case of Repositioning in Popular Literature and History." Medieval Encounters 7 (1): 101–112. doi:10.1163/157006701X00102.
  • Manz, Beatrice Forbes. 1999. The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521633840.
  • May, Timothy. "Timur ("the Lame") (1336–1405)." The Encyclopedia of War.
  • Melville, Charles. 2020. The Timurid Century: The Idea of Iran. Vol. 9. University of Cambridge. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781838606152.
  • Nicol, Donald M. 1993. The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521439916.
  • Tsai, Shih-Shan Henry. 2002. Perpetual Happiness: The Ming Emperor Yongle. Seattli: University of Washington Press. ISBN 9780295981246. OCLC 870409962.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Wikidata-logo.svg Lexici biographici:  • Большая российская энциклопедия • Encyclopædia Britannica
Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Tamerlanem spectant.