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Lectulus in officina Sigismundi Freud, Londinii conservatus.

Psychoanalysis,[1] sive psychanalysis,[2] (a Graecis ψυχή 'anima' + ἀνάλυσις 'dissolutio') est copia theoriarum et artium therapeuticarum[3] quae, studium mentis omni sensu carentis attinentes,[4] ratio curationis morborum mentis una sunt. Quae disciplina a Sigismundo Freud neurologo Austriaco annis 1890 ineuntibus proposita est.

Sigismundus Freud, psychoanalysis conditor.

Fundamentum theoriae est sexualitas, imprimis sexualitas infantilis ut libido, unus impetuum naturalium sive voluptates, sicut sadismus, masochismus, narcissismus, fetischismus et complexus Oedipodis. Quia haec omnia extra conscientiam sunt, analysis ad cognitionem morborum mentis per interpretationem phantasiae vel somniorum ducit.

Freud primam mentionem psychoanalysis anno 1896 in duabus commentationibus fecit (Theodisce Psychoanalyse; Francogallice psycho-analyse). Antea de psychische Analyse et klinisch-psychologische Analyse scripserat.[5]

Homo qui per psychoanalysem tractat psychoanalyticus/-a sive psychanalyticus/-a vocatur.

Therapia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Methodus prima cuiusque psychoanalysis est interpretatio conflictuum aegroti inconsciorum, qui cum vita eius cotidiana confundunt. Varietates interpretationum adhiberi possunt. Extra interpretationem technicae classicae instructiones, exploratio, clarificatio descriptae sunt. Praeterea reconstructio ad historiam personalem causam symptomatum currentium spectat. Ex theoria relationum obiectorum Melaniae Klein (1882—1960) denique operis et Ioannis Bowlby (1907—1990) et Mariae Ainsworth (1913—1999) emanata, problemata fiduciae primitivae (Erikson, 1950) ope technicarum novarum psychoanalysis intersubiectivae tractari licuerunt.

Theoria relationum obiectorum[recensere | fontem recensere]

Relatio obiectorum ad subiecti imaginem (relationem) aut realem aut irrealem mundi et vivi et non vivi (obiectorum) refert. Theoriae relationum obiectorum primum ad relationem priam inter parentes et infantem, velut cognitio infantis et sui ipsius et hominum proximorum suorum, secundum ad effectus illarum in personam formandi spectat. Theoria haec ab psychoanalytica Melania Klein excogitata est.

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Periodica de re morali canonica liturgica, Tom. LI, 1962, fasc. 2, p. 240; Tuomo Pekkanen & Reijo Pitkäranta, Lexicon hodiernae Latinitatis (SKS, 2006), p. 117, 319; Ephemeris 2007; Hans Meyer, Medizinisches Wörterbuch: Deutsch - Latein (Ratisbonae: S. Roderer Verlag, 2004), p. 232; Norstedts svensk-latinska ordbok (s.v. psykoanalys).
  2. Acta et documenta Concilio Oecumenico Vaticano II apparando (Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1961), p. 83.
  3. Merton M. Gill, American Mental Health Foundation: "What is psychoanalysis? Of course, one is supposed to answer that it is many things — a theory, a research method, a therapy, a body of knowledge. In what might be considered an unfortunately abbreviated description, Freud said that anyone who recognizes transference and resistance is a psychoanalyst, even if he comes to conclusions other than his own. . . . I prefer to think of the analytic situation more broadly, as one in which someone seeking help tries to speak as freely as he can to someone who listens as carefully as he can with the aim of articulating what is going on between them and why. David Rapaport (1967a) once defined the analytic situation as carrying the method of interpersonal relationship to its last consequences." Merton M. Gill, "Psychoanalysis, Part 1: Proposals for the Future", American Mental Health Foundation, archivum 10 Iunii 2009
  4. Jane Milton, Caroline Polmear, et Julia Fabricius, A Short Introduction to Psychoanalysis (SAGE, 2011), 27: "All psychoanalytic theories include the idea that unconscious thoughts and feelings are central in mental functioning."
  5. Oxford English Dictionary, 3a editio (2007), s.v. "psychoanalysis, n."

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]


  • Brenner, Charles. 1954. An Elementary Textbook of Psychoanalysis.
  • Elliott, Anthony. (2002). Psychoanalytic Theory: An Introduction. Ed. 2a. Duke University Press.
  • Fine, Reuben. 1990. The History of Psychoanalysis. Ed. nova aucta. Northvale: Jason Aronson. ISBN 0-8264-0452-9.
  • Samuel, Lawrence R. 2013. Shrink: A Cultural History of Psychoanalysis in America. Lincolniae: University of Nebraska Press.

Opera rationis

  • Edelson, Marshall. 1984. Hypothesis and Evidence in Psychoanalysis. Sicagi: Chicago University Press. ISBN 0-226-18432-3.
  • Etchegoyen, Horacio. 2005. The Fundamentals of Psychoanalytic Technique. Ed. nova. Karnac Books. ISBN 1-85575-455-X.
  • Freud, Sigmund. 1940. An Outline of Psychoanalysis. ePenguin. ISBN 978-0393001518.
  • Gellner, Ernest. 2003. The Psychoanalytic Movement: The Cunning of Unreason. Critica theoriae Freudianae recognitio. Ed. 3a. Malden Massachusettae: Blackwell. ISBN 0631234136.
  • Green, André. 2005. Psychoanalysis: A Paradigm For Clinical Thinking. Free Association Books. ISBN 1-85343-773-5.
  • Irigaray, Luce. 2004. Key Writings. Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-6940-X.
  • Jacobson, Edith. 1976. Depression: Comparative Studies of Normal, Neurotic, and Psychotic Conditions. International Universities Press. ISBN 0-8236-1195-7.
  • Kernberg, Otto. 1993. Severe Personality Disorders: Psychotherapeutic Strategies. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05349-5.
  • Kohut, Heinz. 2000. "Analysis of the Self: Systematic Approach to Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorders. International Universities Press. ISBN 0-8236-8002-9.
  • Kovacevic, Filip. 2007. Liberating Oedipus? Psychoanalysis as Critical Theory. Lexington Books. ISBN 0-7391-1148-5.
  • Kristeva, Julia. 1986. The Kristeva Reader, ed. Toril Moi. Novi Eboraci: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-06325-3.
  • Laplanche, Jean, et J. B. Pontalis. 1974. The Language of Psycho-Analysis. Novi Eboraci: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-01105-4.
  • Meltzer, Donald. 1998. The Kleinian Development. Nova editio. Karnac Books. ISBN 1-85575-194-1.
  • Meltzer, Donald. 1983. Dream-Life: A Re-Examination of the Psycho-Analytical Theory and Technique. Karnac Books. ISBN 0-902965-17-4.
  • Mijolla, Alain de, ed. 2005. International dictionary of psychoanalysis. 3 vol. Detroiti: Thomson/Gale.
  • Mitchell, S. A., et M. J. Black. 1995. Freud and beyond: a history of modern psychoanalytic thought. Novi Eboraci: Basic Books.
  • Pollock, Griselda. 2006. "Beyond Oedipus: Feminist Thought, Psychoanalysis, and Mythical Figurations of the Feminine." In Laughing with Medusa, ed. Vanda Zajko et Miriam Leonard. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-927438-X.
  • Spielrein, Sabina. 1993. Destruction as cause of becoming. OCLC 44450080.
  • Stoller, Robert. 1992. Presentations of Gender. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05474-2.
  • Stolorow, Robert, George Atwood, et Donna Orange. 2002. Worlds of Experience: Interweaving Philosophical and Clinical Dimensions in Psychoanalysis. Novi Eboraci: Basic Books.
  • Spitz, René. 2006. The First Year of Life: Psychoanalytic Study of Normal and Deviant Development of Object Relations. International Universities Press. ISBN 0-8236-8056-8.
  • Tähkä, Veikko. 1993. Mind and Its Treatment: A Psychoanalytic Approach. Madisoniae Connecticutae: International Universities Press. ISBN 0-8236-3367-5.

Series librorum

  • Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies. Amstelodami et Novi Eboraci: Rodopi.

Opera generalia

  • Drews, Sibylle, et Karen Brecht. 1982. Psychoanalytische Ich-Psychologie. Francofurti: Suhrkamp.
  • Ellenberger, Henri F. 2003. Die Entdeckung des Unbewußten. 2 vol. Bernae: Huber.
  • Fonagy, Peter. 2003. Bindungstheorie und Psychoanalyse. Stutgardiae: Klett-Cotta.
  • Kaplan-Solms, Karen, et Mark Solms. 2003. Neuro-Psychoanalyse: Eine Einführung mit Fallstudien. Stutgardiae: Klett-Cotta. ISBN 3-608-95989-0.
  • Kernberg, Otto F. 1981. Objekt-Beziehungen und die Praxis der Psychoanalyse. Stutgardiae: Klett-Cotta.
  • Klein, Melanie. 1972. Das Seelenleben des Kleinkindes und andere Beiträge zur Psychoanalyse. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch.
  • Köhler, Thomas. 1996. Anti-Freud-Literatur von ihren Anfängen bis heute: Zur wissenschaftlichen Fundierung von Psychoanalyse-Kritik. Stutgardiae: Kohlhammer. ISBN 3-17-014207-0.