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Engraulidae

E Vicipaedia
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Anchovy closeup.jpg

Classis : Actinopterygii 
Infraclassis : Teleostei 
Superordo : Clupeomorpha 
Ordo : Clupeiformes 
Familia : Engraulidae 

Engraulidae sunt familia piscium ordinis Clupeiformium. Plurimae species in aqua marina inveniuntur, sed nonnullae aquam amaram intrant, nonnullaeque in America Australi solum in aqua dulci habitant.[2]

Plus quam 140 species in septendecim genera digeruntur. In oceanis Atlantico, Indico, Pacifico, atque in Ponto Euxino Marique Mediterraneo inveniuntur. Engraulidae pisces oleosi plerumque habentur.[3]

Genera[recensere | fontem recensere]

Genera familiae Engraulidarum
Genera Species Nota Genera Species Nota
Amazonsprattus 1 Anchoa 35
Anchovia 3 Anchoviella 4
Cetengraulis 2 Coilia 13
Encrasicholina 5 Engraulis 9 Typus familiae, genus quod omnes commercii engraulidas comprehendit.
Jurengraulis 1 Lycengraulis 4
Lycothrissa 1 Papuengraulis 1
Pseudosetipinna 1 Pterengraulis 1
Setipinna 8 Stolephorus 20
Thryssa 24

Species commercii[recensere | fontem recensere]

Species maximi momenti in commercio
Binomen scientificum Longitudo
maxima
Longitudo
usitata
Pondus
maximum
Aetas
maxima
Gradus
trophicus
FishBase FAO ITIS status IUCN
Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758) 20.0 cm 13.5 cm kg 5 anni 3.11 [4] [5] [6] Non aestimatus
Engraulis anchoita (Hubbs & Marini, 1935) 17.0 cm cm 0.025 kg anni 2.51 [7] [8] [9] Non aestimatus
Engraulis mordax (Girard, 1856) 24.8 cm 15.0 cm 0.068 kg anni 2.96 [10] [11] [12] LC IUCN 3 1.svg Least concern[13]
Engraulis japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) 18.0 cm 14.0 cm 0.045 kg 4 anni 2.60 [14] [15] [16] Non aestimatus
Engraulis ringens (Jenyns, 1842) 20.0 cm 14.0 cm kg 3 years 2.70 [17] [18] [19] LC IUCN 3 1.svg Least concern[20]
Engraulis capensis (Gilchrist, 1913) 17.0 cm cm kg years 2.80 [21] [22] [23] Non aestimatus

*Typus generis

Piscatio[recensere | fontem recensere]

Global capture of anchovy in tonnes reported by the FAO
Omnes Engraulidae captae secundum FAO (viridis anchoveta Peruvianam significat)[24]
↑ Engraulidae Peruvianae, 1950–2010[24]
↑ Aliae Engraulidae, 1950–2010[24]
Engraulidae in commercio captae per tonnas milliones, 1950–2010[24]

Nexus interni

Natura mortua cum Engraulidis. Pictura ab Antonio Sicurezza, anno 1972 facta.

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Nelson, Joseph S.; Grande, Terry C.; Wilson, Mark V. H. (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118342336 .
  2. Loeb 2012.
  3. "What's an oily fish?". Food Standards Agency. 2004-06-24 .
  4. Formula:FishBase
  5. Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Retrieved April 2012.
  6. "Engraulis encrasicolus". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  7. Formula:FishBase
  8. Engraulis anchoita (Hubbs & Marini, 1935) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Accessus mense Aprili 2012.
  9. "Engraulis anchoita". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  10. Formula:FishBase
  11. Engraulis mordax (Girard, 1856) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Accessus mense Aprili 2012.
  12. "Engraulis mordax". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  13. Formula:Cite iucn.
  14. Formula:FishBase.
  15. Engraulis japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Accessus mense Aprili 2012.
  16. "Engraulis japonicus". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  17. Formula:FishBase
  18. Engraulis ringens (Jenyns, 1842) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Accessus mense Aprili 2012.
  19. "Engraulis ringens". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  20. Formula:Cite iucn.
  21. Formula:FishBase
  22. Engraulis capensis (Gilchrist, 1913) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Accessus mense Aprili 2012.
  23. "Engraulis capensis". apud Integrated Taxonomic Information System 
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 Based on data sourced from the relevant FAO Species Fact Sheets.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Chavez, F. P., J. Ryan, S. E. Lluch-Cota, et C. M. Ñiquen. 2003. "From Anchovies to Sardines and Back: Multidecadal Change in the Pacific Ocean." Science 229 (5604): 217–21. doi:10.1126/science.1075880.
  • "Engraulidae" apud FishBase
  • Ganias, Konstantinos, ed. 2014. Biology and ecology of sardines and anchovies. Boca Raton Floridae: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 9781482228540.
  • Loeb, M. V. 2012. "A new species of Anchoviella Fowler, 1911 (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae) from the Amazon basin, Brazil." Neotropical Ichthyology 10 (1): 13–18. doi:10.1590/s1679-62252012000100002.
  • Miller, D. J. 1956. "Anchovy." CalCOFI Reports 5: 20–26. PDF.
  • Nizinski, M. S., et T. A. Munroe. 1988. Clupeoid Fishes of the World. FAO species catalogue, vol. 2, 764–780. FAO Fisheries Synopsis 125. Romae. ISBN 92-5-102340-9.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Engraulidas spectant.
Wiktionary-ico-de.png Vide Engraulidas in Victionario.