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Ascomycota

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Fungi — Ascomycota (Berk.) Caval.-Sm. (1998)
(Berk.) Caval.-Sm. (1998)[1]
Ascocarpium fungi generis Morchellae multa apothecia continet.

Ascomycota sunt phylum regni Fungorum, quod, una cum Basidiomycotis, subregnum Dikaryorum constituit. Eius species late appellantur fungi saccarii vel modo Graeco ascomycetes. Hoc est maximum fungorum phylum, cui sunt plus quam 64 000 specierum.[2] Unica huius divisionis proprietas est ascus (a Graeco ἀσκός 'saccus' vel 'pellis vinaria'), sexualis structura microscopica, ubi formantur sporae immotiles, ascosporae appellatae. Aliquot autem species sunt asexuales, quod significat eis non esse circulum sexualem; unde ascos vel ascosporas non gignunt. Inter familiaria fungorum saccariorum exempla sunt Morchella, tubera, fungi coquorum et pistorum, Xylaria, et Pezizaceae.

Phylogenia[recensere | fontem recensere]

Ascomycota
Taphrinomycotina


Neolectomycetes




Taphrinomycetes


Schizosaccharomyceta

Archaeorhizomycetes




Pneumocystidomycetes



Schizosaccharomycetes







Saccharomyceta
Saccharomycotina

Saccharomycetes


Pezizomycotina


Orbiliomycetes



Pezizomycetes



Leotiomyceta
Sordariomyceta

Xylonomycetes




Geoglossomycetes




Leotiomycetes




Laboulbeniomycetes



Sordariomycetes






Dothideomyceta


Coniocybomycetes



Lichinomycetes






Eurotiomycetes



Lecanoromycetes





Collemopsidiomycetes




Arthoniomycetes



Dothideomycetes










Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of Life". Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 73 (3): 203–66 .
  2. Kirk et al., p. 55.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Alexopoulos, C. J., C. W. Mims, et M. Blackwell. 1996. Introductory Mycology. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-52229-5.
  • Boiron Patrick. 1996. Organisation et Biologie des Champignons. Collection 128, Éditions Nathan.
  • Breitenbach, J., et F. Kranzlin. Champignons de Suisse. Vol. 1: Les Ascomycètes.
  • Cepero, Ma., et al. 2012. Biologìa de Hongos. Bogotae: Ediciones Uniandes-Universidad de los Andes. Facultad de Ciencias. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas.
  • Deacon, J. 2005. Fungal Biology. Oxoniae: Blackwell. ISBN 1-4051-3066-0.
  • Gaya, Ester. 2009. Taxonomical revision of the Caloplaca saxicola group (Teloschistaceae, lichen-forming Ascomycota): with 2 figures, 11 tables and 37 plates. Berolini: Cramer in der Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung. ISBN 9783443580803, ISBN 3443580807.
  • Hibbett, David S., Manfred Binder, Joseph F. Bischoff, Meredith Blackwell, Paul F. Cannon, Ove E. Eriksson, Sabine Huhndorf, Timothy James, Paul M. Kirk, Robert Lücking, H. Thorsten Lumbsch, François Lutzoni, P. Brandon Matheny, David J. McLaughlin, Martha J. Powell, Scott Redhead, Conrad L. Schoch, Joseph W. Spatafora, Joost A. Stalpers, Rytas Vilgalys, M. Catherine Aime, André Aptroot, Robert Bauer, Dominik Begerow, Gerald L. Benny, Lisa A. Castlebury, Pedro W. Crous, Yu-Cheng Dai, Walter Gams, David M. Geiser, Gareth W. Griffith, Cécile Gueidan, David L. Hawksworth, Geir Hestmark, Kentaro Hosaka, Richard A. Humber, Kevin D. Hyde, Joseph E. Ironside, Urmas Kõljalg, Cletus P. Kurtzman, Karl-Henrik Larsson, Robert Lichtwardt, Joyce Longcore, Jolanta Miądlikowsk, Andrew Miller, Jean-Marc Moncalvo, Sharon Mozley-Standridge, Franz Oberwinkler, Erast Parmasto, Valérie Reeb, Jack D. Rogers, Claude Roux, Leif Ryvarden, José Paulo Sampaio, Arthur Schüßler, Junta Sugiyama, R. Greg Thorn, Leif Tibell, Wendy A. Untereiner, Christopher Walker, Zheng Wang, Alex Weir, Michael Weiß, Merlin M. White, Katarina Wink, Yi-Jian Yao, et Ning Zhang. 2007. "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi." Mycological Research 111 (5): 509–47. British Mycological Society. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PDF.
  • Jennings, D. H., et G. Lysek. 1996. Fungal Biology: Understanding the Fungal Lifestyle. Guildford Britanniarum Reeni: Bios Scientific. ISBN 978-1-85996-150-6.
  • Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, D. W. Minter, et J. A. Stalpers. 2008. Dictionary of the Fungi. Ed. decima. Wallingford Connecticutae: CABI. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  • Taylor, E. L., et T. N. Taylor. 1993. The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-651589-4.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Ascomycota spectant.

Formula:Fontes fungorum