Yangismus

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Yangismus (Mandarinice 杨朱学派 Yángzhūxuépài) fuit schola philosophica a Yang Zhu condita, per Aetatem Civitatum Bellantium (475221 a.C.n.) florens, quae habere solebat actiones humanas in amore sui conditas esse et debere. Schola a sinologis descripta est primum sicut genus egoismi psychologici et ethici.[1] Fundamenta Yangistarum fuit notio xing ('humanitas'),[1] nomen deinde a Mencio in Confucianismum illatum. Nulla documenta a Yangistis recte scripta iam inventa sunt, et omnia scholae opera et notiones ex commentariis philosophorum aemulorum venit, praecipue in Huainanzi, Lüshi Chunqiu, Mengzi, et fortasse Liezi et Zhuangzi, textibus Sinicis.[2] Philosophus Mencius postulavit Yangismum olim Confucianismum et Moismum aemulavisse, quamquam veritas huius postulationis res controversa inter sinologos manet.[3] Quod Yangismus memoria plerumque excidit ante tempus cum Sima Qian suum Shiji compilaret, schola inter Centum Scholas Cogitationis non comprehensa est.

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ivanhoe et Van Norden 2005:369: "Yangzhu's own way has been described as psychological egoism (humans are in fact motivated only by self-interest), ethical egoism (humans should do only what is in their own self-interest), or primativism (humans should only do what is in the interest of themselves and their immediate family."
  2. Shun 2000:40–41.
  3. Shun 2000:36: "there is little evidence that Yangist teachings were influential during Mencius's time, and this has led some scholars to suggest that Mencius exaggerated the movement's influence.

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Ivanhoe, P. F., et Bryan William Van Norden. 2005. Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy. Hackett Publishing. ISBN 978087220780.
  • Shun, Kwong-Loi. 2000. Mencius and Early Chinese Thought Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804740173.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]


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