Pulvis pyrius

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Pulvis pyrius.

Pulvis pyrius vel pulvis incendiarius est mixtura trium chemicorum, videlicet carbonis, sulfuris, et salis petrae, quae summa cum rapiditate flagrat, magnum gasium volumen efficiens. Haec gasia tam rapide expandunt ut, cum confiniuntur, eruptionem violentem creent. Adhibebatur in sclopetis (quapropter Anglice gunpowder, scilicet 'pulvis sclopeti' dicitur) ubi, eruptione temperata, gasia pulveris flagrantis glandem plumbeam ex tubo propellunt.

Pulvis pyrius a Sinensibus creatus creditur, et in Europa ab saeculo tertio decimo notescebat postquam formula eius a Rogerio Bacone descripta est.

Formula chemica est KNO3 + S + C

Vide etiam[recensere | fontem recensere]

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Benton, James G. 1862. Ordinance and Gunnery. Ed. 2a. West Point Novi Eboraci: Thomas Publications. ISBN 1577470796.
  • Brown, G. I. 1998. The Big Bang: A History of Explosives. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0750918780.
  • Buchanan, Brenda J., ed. 2006. Gunpowder, Explosives and the State: A Technological History. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 0754652599.
  • Chase, Kenneth. 2003. Firearms: A Global History to 1700. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521822742.
  • Cocroft, Wayne. 2000. Dangerous Energy: The Archaeology of Gunpowder and Military Explosives Manufacture. Swindon: English Heritage. ISBN 1850747180.
  • Crosby, Alfred W. 2002. Throwing Fire: Projectile Technology through History. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521791588.
  • Earl, Brian. 1978. Cornish Explosives. The Trevithick Society. ISBN 0904040135.
  • al-Hassan, Ahmad Y. Gunpowder Composition for Rockets and Cannon in Arabic Military Treatises in Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. In History of Science and Technology in Islam.
  • Johnson, Norman Gardner. Explosive. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
  • Kelly, Jack. 2004. Gunpowder: Alchemy, Bombards, & Pyrotechnics: The History of the Explosive that Changed the World. Basic Books. ISBN 0465037186.
  • Khan, Iqtidar Alam. 1996. Coming of Gunpowder to the Islamic World and North India: Spotlight on the Role of the Mongols. Journal of Asian History 30:41–45.
  • Khan, Iqtidar Alam. 1996. The Role of the Mongols in the Introduction of Gunpowder and Firearms in South Asia. In Gunpowder: The History of an International Technology, ed. Brenda J. Buchanan, capitulum 3. Bath: Bath University Press. ISBN 0861971345.
  • Khan, Iqtidar Alam. 2004. Gunpowder and Firearms: Warfare in Medieval India. Oxford University Press.
  • Needham, Joseph. 1986. Science & Civilisation in China. The Gunpowder Epic, 7. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521303583.
  • Norris, John. 2003. Early Gunpowder Artillery: 1300-1600. Marlborough:The Crowood Press.
  • Partington, James Riddick. 1960. A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder. Cantabrigiae: W. Heffer & Sons.
  • Partington, James Riddick, et Bert S. Hall. 1999. A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder. Baltimorae: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801859549.
  • Urbanski, Tadeusz. 1967. Chemistry and Technology of Explosives. Novi Eboraci: Pergamon Press.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad pulverem pyrium spectant.
Wiktionary-ico-de.png Vide pulverem pyrium in Victionario.

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