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Visnuismus

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Krishna vishvarupa, suam formam universam, Ariunae monstrat ante bellum Kurukshetra.
Krishna cum Gopis.

Visnuismus[1] sive Vaishnavismus est una ex praecipuis denominationes Hinduicis, cum Sivaismo, Saktismo, et Smartismo comparata. Etiam appellatur Vishnuismus, sectatoribus Vaishnavis et Vaishnavitis appellatis, et Vishnu Dominus Supremus agnoscit.[2][3]

Haec traditio doctriná avatararum innotescit, cuius sectatores Vishnu in permultis incarnationibus distinctis venerantur. Inter huius dei maiora nomina propria sunt Rama, Krishna, Narayana, Kalki, Hari, Vithoba, Kesava, Madhava, Govinda, Srinathji, Jagannath.[4][5][6] Traditio ex primo millennio a.C.n. exorta est, nomine Bhagavatismus et Krishnaismud. Deinde Ramananda motum Ramae dicatum creavit, qui nunc est maximus grex monasticus in Asia.[7][8] Traditioni sunt multae subscholae (sampradayas), inter quas fuerunt schola Dvaita Madhvacharya medii aevi et schola Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja.[9][10]

Sectatores, qui avataram Vishnu (saepe Krishnam) venerantur, motum Bhakti in Asia Meridiana millennio secundo amplificbantur.[11][12] Inter scripturas maximi momenti in Vaishnavismo sunt Vedae, Upanishad, Bhagavadgita, Pancaratra (Agama) , et Bhagavata Purana.[13][14]

Nexus interni

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. Studia missionalia, vol. II, Romae, anno 1946 (pag. 59 apud Google Books).
  2. Pratapaditya Pal (1986). Indian Sculpture: Circa 500 BCE- 700 CE. University of California Press. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-0-520-05991-7 .
  3. Stephan Schuhmacher (1994). The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Zen. Shambhala. p. 397. ISBN 978-0-87773-980-7 .
  4. Matchett 2001: 3–9.
  5. Anna King 2005: 32–33.
  6. Avinash Patra 2011: 12–16, 25.
  7. Selva Raj et William Harman (2007), Dealing with Deities: The Ritual Vow in South Asia (State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0791467084), 165–166.
  8. James G Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z (Rosen Publishing, ISBN 978-0823931804), 553–554.
  9. Beck 2012: 76-77.
  10. Jeaneane D. Fowler 2002: 288–304, 340–350.
  11. John Stratton Hawley (2015). A Storm of Songs. Harvard University Press. pp. 10–12, 33–34. ISBN 978-0-674-18746-7 .
  12. James G Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z, Rosen Publishing, Formula:ISBN, pages 731-733.
  13. Flood 1996: 121-122.
  14. Johnson, Todd M; Grim, Brian J (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography. John Wiley & Sons. p. 400. ISBN 9781118323038 

Bibnliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

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  • Beck, Guy L. (2005), "Krishna as Loving Husband of God", Alternative Krishnas: Regional and Vernacular Variations on a Hindu Deity, ISBN 978-0-7914-6415-1 .
  • Beck, Guy L. (2012), Alternative Krishnas: Regional and Vernacular Variations on a Hindu Deity, State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0-7914-8341-1 .
  • Bryant, Edwin Francis (2007), Krishna: A Sourcebook, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-803400-1 .
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  • Burghart, Richard (May 1983), "Wandering Ascetics of the Rāmānandī Sect", History of Religions 22 (4): 361–80 .
  • Chatterjee, Asoke: Srimadbhagavata and Caitanya-Sampradaya. Journal of the Asiatic Society 37/4 (1995)1-14.
  • Francis Clooney; Tony Stewart (2004). Sushil Mittal and Gene Thursby. ed. The Hindu World. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-60875-1 .
  • Clementin-Ojha, Catherine. 1990. "La renaissance du Nimbarka Sampradaya au XVIe siècle: Contribution à l'étude d'une secte Krsnaïte." Journal asiatique 278: 327–76.
  • Couture, André. 2006. "The emergence of a group of four characters (Vasudeva, Samkarsana, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha) in the Harivamsa: points for consideration." Journal of Indian Philosophy 3: 571–85.
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  • Datta, Amaresh (1987), Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo, Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-8126018031 .
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  • Flood, Gavin (1996), An introduction to Hinduism, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-43878-0 .
  • Jeaneane D. Fowler (2002). Perspectives of Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Hinduism. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-898723-94-3 .
  • Ganguli, Kalyan Kumar (1988), Sraddh njali, studies in Ancient Indian History. D.C. Sircar Commemoration: Puranic tradition of Krishna, Sundeep Prakashan, ISBN 978-81-85067-10-0 .
  • Gonda, Jan (1993), Aspects of Early Viṣṇuism, Motilal Banarsidass Publ., ISBN 978-81-208-1087-7 .
  • Guy, John: New evidence for the Jagannatha sect in seventeenth century Nepal. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society [3rd Ser.] 2 (1992) 213–30.
  • Hacker, Paul (1978), Lambert Schmithausen, ed. (Theodisce), Zur Entwicklung der Avataralehre, Otto Harrassowitz, ISBN 978-3447048606 .
  • Hardy, F. E. (1987). Mircea Eliade. ed. 8. New York: MacMillan. pp. 387–392. ISBN 978-0-02897-135-3 .
  • Hawley, John Stratton. 2006. Three Bhakti Voices. Mirabai, Surdas, and Kabir in Their Time and Ours. Impressio secunda. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
  • Hiltebeitel, Alf (2013), Hinduism. In: Joseph Kitagawa, "The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture", Routledge, ISBN 9781136875977 .
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  • Jackson, W.J. (1992), "A Life Becomes a Legend: Sri Tyagaraja as Exemplar", Journal of the American Academy of Religion 60 (4): 717–36 .
  • Jackson, W.J. (1991), Tyagaraja: Life and Lyrics, Oxford University Press, USA .
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  • Kinsley, David (2005). Lindsay Jones. ed. Gale's Encyclopedia of Religion. 2 (Second ed.). Thomson Gale. ISBN 978-0-02-865735-6 .
  • Klostermaier, Klaus K. (1998), A concise encyclopedia of Hinduism, Oneworld .
  • Klostermaier, Klaus K. (2007), A Survey of Hinduism, State University of New York Press; ed. tertia, ISBN 978-0-7914-7081-7 .
  • Lochtefeld, James G. (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M, The Rosen Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-8239-2287-1 .
  • Matchett, Freda (2001). Krishna, Lord or Avatara?: the relationship between Krishna and Vishnu. Routledge. ISBN 978-0700712816 .
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  • Monius, Anne E. 2005. "Dance Before Doom. Krishna In The Non-Hindu Literature of Early Medieval South India." In Alternative Krishnas. Regional and Vernacular Variations on a Hindu Deity, ed Guy L. Beck, 139–49. Albany: State University of New York Press.
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  • Avinash Patra (2011). Origin & Antiquity of the Cult of Lord Jagannath. Oxford University Press 
  • Pauwels, Heidi: Paradise Found, Paradise Lost: Hariram Vyas's Love for Vrindaban and what Hagiographers made of it. In: Pilgrims, Patrons, and Place: Localizing Sanctity in Asian Religions. Ed. by Phyllis Granoff and Koichi Shinohara. (Asian Religions and Society Series). Vancouver, Toronto 2003; pp. 124–80.
  • Popular Prakashan (2000), Students' Britannica India, Volumes 1-5, Popular Prakashan, ISBN 9780852297605 
  • Redington, James D. 1992. "Elements of a Vallabhite Bhakti-synthesis." Journal of the American Oriental Society 112: 287-294.
  • Rosen, Steven (2002), The hidden glory of India, Angelopoli: Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, ISBN 978-0-89213-351-2 .
  • Rosenstein, Ludmila L. 1997. "The Devotional Poetry of Svami Haridas." A Study of Early Braj Bhasa Verse. Groningen Oriental Studies, 12. Groningen.
  • Roy Chaudhury, H. C.; Prajnananda, S. (2002), "Further Reading", Encyclopedia of Modern Asia .
  • Schwartz, Susan (2004), Rasa: performing the divine in India, Novi Eboraci: Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-13145-2 .
  • Schweig, G. M. (2005), Dance of divine love: The Rasa Lila of Krishna from the Bhagavata Purana, India's classic sacred love story, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-11446-0 .
  • Schweig, G. M. (2013), "Krishna. The IntimateDeity", The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant, Columbia University Press .
  • Seth, K. P. (1962), "Bhakti in Alvar Saints", The University Journal of Philosophy .
  • Sheridan, Daniel (1986), The Advaitic Theism of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, Columbiae Terrae Mariae: South Asia Books, ISBN 978-81-208-0179-0 .
  • Sinha, K. P. 1997. A critique of A. C. Bhaktivedanta. Calcuttae.
  • Śrivastava, Vijai Shankar (1981), Cultural Contours of India: Dr. Satya Prakash Felicitation Volume, Abhinav Publications .
  • Tattwananda, Swami (1984), Vaisnava Sects, Saiva Sects, Mother Worship (1st revised ed.), Calcutta: Firma KLM Private Ltd., p. 10 .
  • N.N.1 (1940), "Apabhraṃśa literature", Gaekwad Oriental Series, Issue 86 .
  • Welbon, G. R. (1987a). Mircea Eliade. ed. 14. New York: MacMillan. pp. 9500–9509. ISBN 978-0-02897-135-3 .
  • Welbon, G. R. (1987b). Mircea Eliade. ed. 14. New York: MacMillan. pp. 9509–951. ISBN 978-0-02897-135-3 .

Bibliographia addita[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Flood, Gavin. 1996. An introduction to Hinduism. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43878-0.
  • Bryant, Edwin, et Maria Ekstrand, eds. 2013. The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant. Novi Eboraci: Columbia University Press.

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

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