Pengabum

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Tabula topographica Pengabi

Pengabum[1] (Paniabice پنجاب (Shahmukhi), ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi), Pañjāb "quinque aquae"), sive Pentapotamia,[2] est regio geographicia et culturalis partis septentrionalis subcontinentis Indicae, quae partes Pakistaniae et Indiae comprehendit.

Ante Indiae partitionem anni 1947 provincia Britannica Pengabensis comprehendebat regiones quae hodie sunt civitates Indicae Pengabum, Hariyāṇā, Himācala Pradeśa, Caṇḍīgaṛha, Dellium, et provinciae Pakistanicae Pengabum et territorium capitale Islamabadense. Adiacet regiones Balochistan et Pashtunistan ad occidentem, Casmiriam ad septentrionem, regionem Hindicam ad orientem, Rajasthanam and Sindh ad meridiem.

Qui maiorem partem incolarum huius regionis constituunt Pengabenses appellantur, et lingua Paniabica loquuntur. Religiones principales sunt Islam, Sichismus, Hinduismus.

Pinacotheca[recensere | fontem recensere]

Notae[recensere | fontem recensere]

  1. "Pengabum, Pengab": "India" in Iohannes Iacobus Hofmannus, Lexicon universale (1698) textus
  2. "Pentapotamia ... quam Penjabum appellavere recentiores" (p. 4 apud Google Books)

Bibliographia[recensere | fontem recensere]

  • Narang, K.S.; Gupta, Dr H.R. (1969). History of the Punjab 1500-1858. U. C. Kapur & Sons, Delhi 
  • [Quraishee 73] Punjabi Adab De Kahani, Abdul Hafeez Quaraihee, Azeez Book Depot, Lahore, 1973.
  • [Chopra 77] Punjab as a Sovereign State, Gulshan Lal Chopra, Al-Biruni, Lahore, 1977.
  • Patwant Singh. 1999. The Sikhs. New York: Doubleday. Formula:ISBN0-385-50206-0.
  • The Evolution of Heroic Tradition in Ancient Panjab, 1971, Buddha Parkash.
  • Social and Political Movements in ancient Panjab, Delhi, 1962, Buddha Parkash.
  • History of Porus, Patiala, Buddha Parkash.
  • History of the Panjab, Patiala, 1976, Fauja Singh, L. Formula:NbspM. Joshi (Ed).
  • The Legacy of the Punjab, 1997, R. Formula:NbspM. Chopra.
  • The Rise Growth and Decline of Indo-Persian Literature, R. Formula:NbspM. Chopra, 2012, Iran Culture House, New Delhi. 2nd revised edition, published in 2013.
  • Sims, Holly. "The State and Agricultural Productivity: Continuity versus Change in the Indian and Pakistani Punjabs." Asian Survey, 1 April 1986, Vol. 26(4), pp. 483–500

Nexus externi[recensere | fontem recensere]

Commons-logo.svg Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Pengabum spectant.
Wikidata-logo.svg Situs geographici et historici: